Mdma: The History And Effects Of The Drug Known As Ecstasy

1958 words - 8 pages

Happiness can mean many different things to many different people. A hard worker may define it as completing a difficult task. A hopeless romantic may define it as finding true love. A religious person may define it as achieving a specific level of spirituality. Webster’s definition of happiness is “good fortune; a state of well-being and contentment; a pleasurable or satisfying experience.” Some synonyms included for happiness are bliss, felicity, joy, and ecstasy. It is therefore obvious how the euphoria-inducing amphetamine relates to its name. People that are uneducated in the area of drugs may associate ecstasy only with the issue of substance abuse. However, to fully understand ecstasy and all its related topics, it is vital to identify the chemical structure and history of MDMA, the corresponding effects, and then the recreational abuse.
The chemical name for ecstasy is 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or MDMA. Besides the name ecstasy, MDMA has other names normally used on the streets such as Adam, XTC, hug, beans, and love drugs (NIDA InfoFacts 1). MDMA is described to be a “synthetic, psychoactive drug possessing stimulant and hallucinogenic properties” (Ecstasy Hazards 1). As in the case of other amphetamines, the process to produce ecstasy is not that complicated. The simplest method is clandestine production, which starts with PMK . If not, it can still be produced from piperonal, isosafrole, or safrole but even then, these chemicals have to be converted to PMK before they could be turned into ecstasy (Iversen 149-150). The molecule itself is a combination of 11 carbons, 2 oxygens, 6 hydrogens, and 1 nitrogen as seen in the figure (Chemical Structure 1).
As in other amphetamines, MDMA is the source of monoamine neurotransmitters. Instead of having a direct effect on the functions of the brain, it produces these neurotransmitters that do the job for it. However, there are areas that ecstasy affects directly such as nerves containing serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. Of these three, ecstasy is most powerful with serotonin (Iversen 155). The sole responsibility of the serotonin system is to control mood, aggression, sexual activity, sleep, and sensitivity to pain. Because of how crucial these behavioral functions are, any manipulation by ecstasy, or any other drug for that matter, could and will ultimately result in drastic malfunctions. Generally, ecstasy is extremely harmful to the body and can generate conditions as critical as brain damage. In the most severe cases, it has been known to be the cause of death.
In 1914, a German drug company named Merck was the first to create and patent MDMA. It was believed that ecstasy would help to control hunger and appetite. Later on in the 1970s, psychologists used it to help patients relax and talk about their feelings and emotions with ease. However, as soon as animal studies in MDMA showed brain damage as one of the effects of ecstasy, all medical use of it was brought to...

Find Another Essay On MDMA: The History and Effects of the Drug Known as Ecstasy

Ecstasy: The True Side Of A False Drug

1328 words - 5 pages an ecstasy user that same question they almost certainly couldn't answer it accurately. Ecstasy is medically known as MDMA, (methylenedioxymethamphetamine). MDMA shares properties with both amphetamine and hallucinogenic drugs. A release of the neurotransmitter serotonin also takes place with ingestion of the drug, and serotonin is thought to be associated with the high of being in love. The MDMA sparked surge of the feel good chemical leads to

Effects of MDMA Essay

1695 words - 7 pages Effects of MDMA Ecstasy: Invading the Youth The War on Drugs is a lost cause. The United States has spent hundreds of billions of dollars and lost thousands of lives. The result is any adult or child with a couple measly dollars can purchase any existing illegal drug almost anywhere in the country (Greer 6/24/98). The emergence of a new designer drug (a combination of two existing drugs) "ecstasy," which is the most common street term

Essay is about Ecstasy, the drug.

677 words - 3 pages others, elimination of anxiety, and extreme relaxation. Ecstasy is also said to suppress the need to eat, drink, or sleep, enabling users to endure two- to three-day parties. Consequently, MDMA use sometimes results in severe dehydration or exhaustion.Short-Term Effects of EcstasyEcstasy isn't as addictive as heroin or cocaine, But Ecstasy can cause other adverse effects including nausea, hallucinations, chills, sweating, increases in body temperature

Ecstasy: The Effects on Humanity

958 words - 4 pages in overall bad outcomes as he or she stops, for example, taking care of himself or herself physically. No weight watch, no exercise, no care for the body whatsoever. The person, predictably, would start falling downhill as the graph of their fitness follows a negative slope and as they experience effects of disorientation here and there.Sociological effects, however, are much worse. Ecstasy is ironically known to break ice at zero-temperature

A spech on the harmful effects of ecstasy. It includes every part of the speech and it is in outline form. This speech convinces the audience to not take this drug.

872 words - 3 pages , 8.2 percent of 12th-graders, 5.4 percent of 10th-gradersm and 3.1 percent of 8th-graders reported that they used in the past year.Transition: As you can see Ecstasy is mainly used by the teen population and getting to the younger generation. Many teens see ecstasy as a harmless "peace and love" drug. Now let's discuss the effects of the drug.V. Ecstasy EffectsA. Positive Effects1. Even though you may have feelings of well-being, peacefulness, and

Term paper on effects of ecstasy to the senses, brain, and body.

2420 words - 10 pages " out of their senses have discovered the ability to turn to a substance called methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). MDMA has been reported to have a profound affect on all of the human senses simultaneously, making it a drug of choice for people looking to broaden their view on life and enjoy their surroundings to the utmost degree. But how does MDMA do this?The drug MDMA, known by its infamous street name, "ecstasy", is a synthetic hallucinogen

the effects of drug abuse

1254 words - 5 pages mental, physiological, and emotional changes when drug-taking ceases or by using the substance as a way to relieve or prevent withdrawal symptoms.Substance is taken for a longer duration or in greater quantities than was originally intended.Persistent desire or repeated unsuccessful efforts to stop or attenuate substance use.A relatively large amount of time spent in securing and using the substance, or in recovering from the effects of the

The Effects of Drug Abuse

1429 words - 6 pages I do not think that the world will be able to address these matters. So with time either the drug problem will have to disappear by itself or it will just keep rising with no stop in sight. But as history tells, most major drugs start to fade like an old fashion and the trend will stop dead. The United States needs to start showing more ads on television giving information about these drugs and showing the effects of these drugs. Instead of

The History of Drug Prohibition

1225 words - 5 pages Drug prohibition was not always accepted as it is today. Indeed, until the early twentieth century, there were few drug laws at all in the United States. Before the Harrison Narcotics Act of 1914, one could buy heroin at the corner drugstore; even Coca-Cola contained small amounts of cocaine until 1903 (Vallance 4). Some of the most proscribed drugs today were sold like candy and (quite literally) soda pop. What caused the sudden shift to

Effects of Ecstasy

730 words - 3 pages This article is a health Education article on the effects of Ecstasy. It tells readers What it is, How it is used, why people take it, Short term dangers, long term dangers, help to recognizing the problem, and that it is addictive. It states that Ecstasy is classified as enactogens, drugs that have stimulant, hallucinogenic and mood-improving qualities. It was used at one point as a diet drug and then banned in 1985. It says that Ecstasy is

The Agony and the Ecstasy

654 words - 3 pages weakness as much as it did.This film would not have been one of my first choices to watch. It was historically correct at times, and at times pure entertainment. The acting was excellent even though the props were unrealistic and the storyline dragged on. I would give this movie one and a half stars out of four. This rating is for the lack of excitement and the slow pace the movie flowed in.Bibliography: The Agony and the Ecstasy starring Charlton Heston, Rex Harrison and Carol Reed

Similar Essays

Ecstacy; A Large Proportion Of Young People, Especially In Britain,Are Regular Users Of The Drug Ecstasy,Adam,X Or Mdma For A Simple Reason: It Provides ....Ect.

2588 words - 10 pages A large proportion of young people, especially in Britain,are regular users of the drug Ecstasy,Adam,X or MDMA for a simple reason: it provides them with access to an experience which they value. Yet the majority of first-time users have no access toreliable information about the drug and rely on folklore forguidance, while little serious attention is paid to the potential uses and benefits of MDMA.MDMA was patented as long ago as 1913 by the

Mdma: Looking Past The Fear. Argues For The Legal Use Of Mdma In A Therapeutic Setting. History Of Drug Included.

1817 words - 7 pages forabuse. Their argument is that the user will be so seduced by the euphoric effects of the drug that they will be prompted continue using it repeatedly and often. As with any drug, there are undoubtedly people who abuse MDMA in this manner. However, the drug has unique properties that make its potential for abuse fairly low in comparison to other illegal drugs. When taken repeatedly, MDMA loses its desirable effects and causes increasing side

The Pharmacology And Toxicology Effects Of Ecstasy

1281 words - 5 pages tested by the US military, so it could be used as a truth drug. Today ecstasy is used worldwide at parties and clubs by youths because it makes them dance faster and longer. All the good, bad and neutral effects that ecstasy causes can be seen on the table below.Positive Effects Neutral Effects Negative EffectsLoss of appetite Muscle tensionAn increased willingness to communicate Eye jiggling Headaches, dizziness and loss of balanceAn increase in

Explain The Harmful Effects Of Drugs Such As Ecstasy On The Individual And Society.

1315 words - 5 pages individuals and the social impacts on society. Despite the belief that the perceived benefits outweigh the negatives, the negligence of the harmful consequences and dangers of drug taking results from the little or no drugs¡¦ knowledge among the drug takers. The truth is taking drugs may bring physical and psychological effects on individuals. Taking ecstasy as an example, also known as MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine, is a drug made with Lysergic Acid