Meacham V. Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory

1297 words - 5 pages

Meacham v. Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory

The "2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals" held that those business practices that have had a disparate impact effect on the older workers are now considered to be actionable under one national anti-discrimination law (Hamblett, 2004). The case does reaffirm a second Circuit precedent that had been set but which is at odds with what a majority of federal courts have held. The appeals court supported the idea that a layoff plan had been properly brought under the The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) although the company did not have the intention of discriminating.

The case Meacham v. Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory did in fact uphold the jury's findings that employees who are on the older side had lost their jobs through a layoff plan. This discrimination was unintentional. However, the policy did have an impact that was deemed discriminatory and the firm could have reached its goals through a different method that would not effectively discriminate. The reason for the suit had to do with the fact that thirty of thirty-one people who were laid off were over the age of forty. There were 26 plaintiffs who did go to trial while some of the others settled with the company on their own. In the end, the jury awarded plaintiffs a total award of $4.2. The case was appealed and at the time, Knolls argued that the law really does not allow disparate impact claims, citing Hazen Paper Co. v. Biggins, 507 U.S. 604 (1993), where a claim involved disparate treatment and what was needed was proof of intentional discrimination. The Court claims that the Hazen Paper Court had not resolved the appropriate use of ADEA in terms of disparate impact. It was further stated that the decisions to come from other circuits do not necessarily overrule prior cases. The idea that disparate impact claims may not be allowed under ADEA is therefore rejected.

It seems that the major issue here is whether or not one can use age as a factor in terms of discrimination when the discrimination was not intentional. If for example it turns out that the people who are laid off are over the age of 40, even though no malicious intent is discovered, it still may be construed as age discrimination. This issue has been somewhat controversial for some time, as most litigants in age discrimination lawsuits realize that they will likely need some proof that a discriminatory practice had occurred. At the same time, it seems that if almost all individuals laid off were older than the rest of the company, disaffirmation seems to have occurred. The court agrees as evidenced by this case. The ruling of the court reasoned that if in fact so many older individuals got the brunt of company policy, then in fact they were effectively discriminated against. This is true even though there was no malice or intent to dismiss older individuals. Historically, there have been charges that individuals are let go because they cost...

Find Another Essay On Meacham v. Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory

Justified or Unjustified: America Builds the First Nuclear Weapon

2036 words - 8 pages 20,000 times more powerful than the largest bomb to date (“1945: US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima”). The atomic bombs were not like the other bombs used in war, but they needed special scientific skills and techniques to design. During Truman’s speech on August 6th, he said, “The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war to the Far East” (“Announcing the Bombing of Hiroshima”). The power of atomic bombs

Why was the Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb Justified? Works Cited included

589 words - 2 pages The year was 1945. Germany had surrendered, and Japan was the only Axis power left. After the Potsdam conference, President Truman realized that he had the power to end the war. The decision was his. On August 6, Truman authorized the use of the atomic bomb, the first of its kind in existence. Truman was justified in the use of the atomic bomb, for many reasons. The dropping of the bomb would save American lives, make a quick end to the war, and

Green Energy

845 words - 4 pages generate electricty through kinetic energy from the wind. When wind blows and catches on the blades they spin, which then makes a generater convert that into usable energy. Some places are making wind farms or, gaint arrays of wind trubines. These wind farms can make a small contributon to domestic power so we are using less unclean energy. Windmills are an endless source of energy that does not harm the environment. Another technology we use today is

After The Atomic Bomb

2536 words - 10 pages than the original bombs used. However, a military change in strategy has came to promote nuclear disarmament and prevent the usage of nuclear weapons.The technology of building the atomic bomb has spurred some useful innovations that can be applied through the use of nuclear power. The fear of a potential nuclear attack had been heightened by the media and its release of movies impacting on public opinion and fear of nuclear devastation. The lives

Atomic bombing of hiroshima and nagesaki.

1509 words - 6 pages On the morning of August 6, 1945, a B-29 bomber named Enola Gay flew over the industrial city of Hiroshima, Japan and dropped the first atomic bomb ever. The city went up in flames caused by the immense power equal to about 20,000 tons of TNT. The project was asuccess. They were an unprecedented assemblage of civilian, and military scientific brain power--brilliant, intense, and young, thepeople that helped develop the bomb. Unknowingly they

Reinforcing Fears: Space Race and Sci Fi in the Cold War

2432 words - 10 pages mission statement that research in science was to secure the national defense (63). The United States also had a secret weapon – Wernher von Braun. A former Nazi, he was well known for his role in developing the V-2 ballistic missile throughout the time of Germany’s power (45 Dr. Space). Immediately after Germany’s surrender, the United States would go on a quest for von Braun and his team (56). What the United States would then learn was that

The Atomic Bomb

2433 words - 10 pages uranium mining, the bombs structure and silos were being designed.Groves’s assignment was to choose a director for the experimentation of this atomic bomb. After much deliberation he came to a final conclusion of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Research started slowly until Oppenheimer was appointed, a theoretical mathematician and a well known physicist. (O’Neil) His assignment was to be director of the weapons laboratory, were most of the bombs

Atomic Theory

1032 words - 4 pages *History of Atomic Theory- DemocritusThe theory of atoms began with a Greek philosopher called Democritus who lived in the 5th century BC. Democritus was not the first to develop an atomic theory but he produced a much more elaborate and systematic view of the physical world than his forerunners. He developed a theory of matter that wasn't based on evidence from experiments but on philosophical knowledge and ideas.Democritus claimed that space

Nuclear Droppings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

1001 words - 4 pages Just before the beginning of World War II on August 2, 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Einstein and several other scientists notified Roosevelt of the rising efforts in Nazi Germany to purify Uranium-235, which could be used to build an atomic bomb (Bellis). It was only shortly after when the United States Government began to work on "the Manhattan Engineer District" otherwise known as "the Manhattan

Thomas Jefferson

2135 words - 9 pages been the most obedient of men – but his failures can be made up for by his indirect greatness. Works Cited 1. "Thomas Jefferson & His Democracy: Crash Course US History #10." YouTube. YouTube, 11 Apr. 2013. Web. 05 Jan. 2014. . 2. "The Duality of Thomas Jefferson." YouTube. YouTube, 02 Dec. 2012. Web. 05 Jan. 2014. . 3. "Jon Meacham, "Thomas Jefferson: The

Nuclear advancements after the manhattan project

716 words - 3 pages Nuclear Advancements After the Manhattan Project      When the first atomic bomb was detonated in Alamogordo New Mexico on June 16, 1945, all the scientists involved in the Manhattan Project understood the great destructive power of radio-active isotopes. Although the atomic bomb was a very destructive force our world would not be as good without it. Because of the government funding involved in the project coupled

Similar Essays

Rutherford's Gold Foil Experiment Essay

786 words - 3 pages confirm that alpha particles cause a faint but discrete flash when striking luminescent zinc sulfide screen. These great accomplishments are all overshadowed by Rutherford's famous Gold Foil experiment which revolutionized the atomic model.This experiment was Rutherford's most notable achievement. It not only disproved Thomson's atomic model but also paved the way for such discoveries as the atomic bomb and nuclear power. The atomic model he

Atomic Bomb Essay

1631 words - 7 pages . Therefore, the United States initiated a top secret program called the Manhattan Project. Even the Vice President didn't know about this project. The Manhattan Project cost over 2 billion dollars. Yet, Congress never voted to fund this program (Hoare, 1987, 10-14). Roosevelt authorized scientists to find out if an atomic bomb could be built. On December 2, 1942, scientists working in a secret laboratory under the bleachers of a football field in

Atomic Energy And The Development Of Drugs

3393 words - 14 pages was 447,419.Los Alamos was founded during WWII as a secret facility to coordinate the scientific research of the Manhattan Project, with J. Robert Oppenheimer as the laboratory's first director. The work of the laboratory culminated in the creation of three atomic bombs, one of which was used in the first nuclear test near Alamogordo, New Mexico. The bomb's code- name was "Trinity" and was set off on July 16, 1945. The other two atomic bombs

The Morality Of The U.S. Bombing Hiroshima

1663 words - 7 pages petitioned President Truman to not use the atomic bomb on Japan. This version of the petition is updated from the first one and comes at an appropriate time following the test on the day before. It said if Japan still refused surrender after a warning of the power of this bomb, then and only then, may it be morally permissible to resort to its use. However, the development of atomic power will provide the nations with new