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Meaning Of Marriage In Different Cultures

2153 words - 9 pages

In Islam, marriage is a contract between two people. It is required that a certain amount of money be relayed to the bride. This idea of dowry derives from the word in Arabic; Mahr. Furthermore, like both Christianity and Judaism, Islam is strict on the concept of chastity. It is the element of staying pure. Seeing as marriage in Islam is concealed with intercourse, which is evident from the root of the world in Arabic meaning marriage. The Arabic of word Nikah can be translated to marriage and "sexual intercourse." We see in Islam a marriage being very mutual, we see the concept of equality among the couple. This is advocated when looking into divorce in Islam. Divorce is not prohibited like Christianity where there has to be an annulment. The Muslim faith recognizes marriage as a "transaction" in a sense. There is a contract that must be fully accepted by both the husband and wife, and two Muslims have to be there to witness it. After the contract is signed and the decision on the Mahr is derived at, a marriage ceremony can take place. The woman does not necessarily need to appear during the signing of the contract, but the bride tends to usually be there. The Qur'an holds marriage very highly, and allows the presence for the willingness of sex. In fact, if you complete the contract of marriage you have essentially completed one half of your faith in Islam. Furthermore, the Qur'an continues to go on and describe certain things that must happen in a marriage. It even states that a Muslim man can either marry a Muslim woman or a woman that is included in the People from the Book. The People of the Book are referred to as the Kitabi in Islam. This would mean a Muslim man could go onto marry a Christian or Jewish woman; however, this would also mean that he could not marry a Hindu or anything similar because it is not a monotheistic religion. Nevertheless, a woman is unable to marry any man outside of the Muslim faith. The Muslim faith also outlines the roles of both the husband and wife in the contract of marriage. There is the idea of the husband being like a guardian to the wife and his children. Not only is he supposed to protect them, but he is to support them financially. Nevertheless, the wife also plays a predominant role seeing as she is expected to oversee finances within the home. In addition, it is not responsibility of the wife to use her finances to support the family. She is able to spend her wealth solely on herself. In fact, the aspect of finance is so ingrained in the Muslim marital contract that it is even specified in the Mahr. Furthermore, if the wife feels that the husband is not playing his role properly and she is unhappy, the husband will also have to agree with the step of divorcing. If the husband does not agree, the wife can not proceed with her decision unless an annulment known as Fasakh is granted to her. Nevertheless, divorce in Islam is not encouraged, but it is most definitely not prohibited. In the Fiqh it is...

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