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Assess The Impact Of The Cuban Missile Crisis.

2124 words - 8 pages

Assess the impact of the conflict on the US-Soviet relationsRussian-American relations, that had been harmonious for most of the nineteenth century, were subject to increasing tension from the 1890's. The term 'cold war' refers to the state of political tension between the two nations, which stopped just short of full-scale war. In assessing the impact of the conflict on the soviet relations, and US there are many other contributing factors and events that require consideration, such as the Cuban missile crisis and its impact on the USA and the USSR.Historians differ in their explanation of the origins of the altercation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the period of the Cold War. Some see it as a prominent issue of power politics while others view it as opposing ideological systems. Writing of the need for 'understanding the causes of this struggle between the United States and Russia', Walter LaFeber says: " the conflict did not begin in 1945 or even with the communist victory in Russia in 1917. The two powers did not initially come into conflict because one was communist and other capitalist" rather he implies that they first confronted one another in the plains of Asia in the late 19th century in which the Americans expanded west and Russians had moved east across Asia.The struggle was called the Cold War because it did not actually lead to direct armed conflict between the superpowers on a widescale. The Cold War was compensated by means of economic pressure, selective aid, diplomatic manoeuvre, propaganda, assassination, low-intensity military operations and full-scale proxy war from 1947 until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Cold War experienced the largest most conservative and first nuclear arms race in of the major events that arose from the cold war was the conflict of the Cuban Missile Crisis.The Cuban Missile Crisis was a tense disagreement between the Soviet Union and the United States over the Soviet exploitation of nuclear missiles in Cuba. The crisis began on October 14, 1962 and lasted for 38 days until November 20, 1962. American spy planes (U-2 Spy Planes) captured photographs of Soviet surface-to-air missile launch sites being built in Cuba. An increase in the amount of Soviet ships entering Cuban sea ports also worried the and the US assumed these ships of carrying new supplies of weapons, and Kennedy protested about this issue to the Soviet Union government. The US warned the Soviets that any offensive (SAMS were considered defensive) weaponry would not be permitted in Cuba. Until 1959 Cuba had been an ally of the Usa, however in that year a young revolutionary leader, Fidel Castro took control of Cuba, thus he proceeded to take over several more key industries which angered many Americans, as they lost very profitale investments in Cuba.In 1961, the disastrous Bay of Pigs incident occurred, which had a major impact, which resulted to many Cuban exiles, backed by the CIA...

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