This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Media Power: Case Study Of Us Minimum Wage

3356 words - 13 pages

Introduction
Since newspaper is a major channel for ideological promotion, various parties like politicians, target audience and advertisers are involved in deciding how to report a story (“Media bias”, 2014). In the United States, media bias can be classified into liberal, conservative and corporate (“Media bias in the United States”, 2014).
According to Fairclough (2001), language is a primary medium of power relations and ideologies, contributing to a certain group’s domination. By power relations, Fairclough means power difference between classes, genders, ethnic groups and social institutions (2001). In the academic field, media discourse has gained more attention in the past decades. Sociolinguists suggest that mass media exercise their hidden power by controlling readers’ access to knowledge and presenting subjective viewpoints (Fairclough, 2001; Van Dijk, 1993). One of them is Tuen A. van Dijk, who specializes in Critical Discourse Analysis and has written many books or articles on media discourse. In his work Power and the News Media, Van Dijk states that newspapers, which are controlled by power elites, selectively choose “facts” and persuade readers to hold a certain social or political standpoint (Van Dijk, 1997). Other linguists who have done research on the realm include Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe.
Carpentier and De Cleen note the great use of Critical Discourse Analysis for media discourse by bringing up Bell and Garrett’s statement that the approach is a standard framework in dealing with media texts (as cited in Carpentier and De Cleen, 2007). Also cited in their work is Wodak and Busch’s remark that media are public spaces involving power struggles (Carpentier and De Cleen, 2007).
Multimodal Discourse Analysis is a new trend in studying media texts as well. Kress and Van Leeuwen propose that mass media can exercise authority over visual language in favour of their interests (2006). Their work is based on Multimodal Discourse Analysis and social semiotics: they identify ideational, interpersonal and textual functions of visual texts as well as their interaction with narrative language (Kress and Van Leeuwen, 2006).Through studying images and language collectively, Kress and Van Leeuwen (2006) combine Critical Discourse Analysis and Multimodal Discourse Analysis to examine how media constructs a version of reality.
One recent political issue which has been represented differently in newspapers of distinct political inclinations is the US minimum wage hike. This paper will compare two newspaper cuttings on Obama’s proposal of minimum wage hike and the Republicans' banning of it. Since both news clips consist of images and words, I am going to discuss them in terms of Multimodal Discourse Analysis (MDA), then Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA).
Outline of CDA and MDA
As Fairclough describes (2001), CDA considers language as constructions as well as representations of the world. Language and society are interrelated:...

Find Another Essay On Media Power: Case Study of US Minimum Wage

The Importance of Increasing the Minimum Wage

762 words - 4 pages fortune 500 companies lining their pockets, they have lost touch with the majority of the Americans who voted them into office. In 1968 the real value of minimum wage was at its peak, with a value of $10.74 in todays money (“Raise The Minimum Wage”). This doesn’t seem quite right since the current minimum wage is $7.25 (“Raise The Minimum Wage”). The minimum wage is not legally linked with inflation, which lowers the purchasing power of the

The Effect of Minimum Wage on Taxpayers

1302 words - 6 pages According to the United State Department of Labor, the effective date of the Federal Minimum Wage Rates under the Fair Labor Standards Act was October 24, 1938 which started at $0.25 per hour and rose as the years go by. According to the bureau of labor statistics, as of today the percentage of minimum wage earners is said to be 64% earning at or below the minimum wage; also, 63% works in restaurants, bars, retail stores and so on. Also

Benefits of Raising the Minimum Wage

838 words - 4 pages -tipped-minimum-wage>. Henderson, David R. "Raising the Minimum Wage Will Reduce Poverty." Opposing Viewpoints. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Feb. 2014. "Rebuilding an Economy That Works for All of Us." Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2014. .

The Effects Of Higher Minimum Wage

1959 words - 8 pages The Effects of a Higher Minimum Wage When I was eleven years old my parents told me that they could not afford to buy me new school clothes that year. So, in my desperation for some new school clothes I started working. I did odd jobs on farms for family and friends, as well as babysitting. I worked that whole summer of my 6th grade year, and I continued to work every summer up until my senior year in high school when I started to work full

The Pros and Cons of Minimum Wage

1269 words - 5 pages Increasing the minimum wage may help hard working families make ends meat. The first federal minimum wage in 1938. Started at $.25 an hour. In 1968 it reached its peak value. Since then the value has fallen thirty percent, so that today’s minimum wage of $5.15 is equal to $4.18 which is equivalent to the value in 1995 (women, 4). Some states have decided to raise the minimum wage above $5.15 an hour even though the senate ultimately sets the

The Effects of Minimum Wage Increases

745 words - 3 pages The current minimum wage is $7.25 which was set on July 24, 2009 according to the United States Department of Labor (U.S. Department of Labor). If a worker is working full time and getting paid the current minimum wage he or she will make around $14,500 a year before taxes, which would put them just over the current poverty line. The potential effects of raising the federal minimum wage are an increased employer cost, increase money consumers

The increasing of the Minimum Wage

1013 words - 5 pages It has been said that we live in an era where people are looking for more increasing on everything, and the look for that every single day. One of the most political issues that are noticeable in 2014 is the minimum wage. A few weeks ago, President Obama talked about increasing the minimum wage. The minimum wage is 7.5, and he wants to increase this number around 10.10. There is no doubt this news could bring a lot of happiness to

Emotional Topic of Raising Minimum Wage

705 words - 3 pages The word minimum wage brings so many emotions to many people around the world. For some, it brings a sense of hope of providing for their family on a day to day basis. While many others it's just a paycheck that is longed for a higher amount. Then they see an ads online, on the television and printed documents. It's repeatedly saying how the government is going to raise the minimum wage rate of 7.25 to 10.00. Many people say that if the us

The Pros and Cons of Abolishing Minimum Wage

1277 words - 6 pages from their work to survive and pay the bills. Businesses have more power to abuse the labor market and it will also force businesses to share some of the vast wealth with the people that help produce it. Some argue that increasing the minimum wage will help improve the economy and benefit employers and employees, but it will have the opposite effect. It would be a heavy burden on small business owners; due to low income it would be very hard to

Can The Minimum Wage Force The Hand Of Small Businesses

2206 words - 9 pages pay more than the minimum, it is a subject of some debate whether increases in the minimum wage have a ripple effect that also boosts the salaries of those workers making higher wages. Employers who do pay minimum wage have to shift their resources creatively when the wage rate increases in order to offset shortfalls.In any case, small business consultants and even many small business owners have indicated that the minimum wage issue, while it

An Examination of Minimum Wage and Its Economical Impact

2780 words - 11 pages the trend of declining real wages for low-wage workers. A minimum wage increase would help combat the poverty level of our nation's citizens and ultimately bring an end to poverty.It is vital for the minimum wage to be raised for the working families of today. The level of income for a family is crucial to their well-being. If a family's income level is raised, their level of self-worth and economic purchasing power is increased. This ultimately

Similar Essays

Minimum Wage In The Us Essay

859 words - 3 pages increase is justified because of California's recession and the downward turn in the business climate. There was a measure out on this last ballot called prop 210 which passed and increased the minimum wage from $4.25 an hour to $4.75 an hour and on March 1, 1997 it will raise to $5.00 an hour and beginning March 1, 1998 it will increase to $5.75. The minimum wage in California has increased nine times in the past thirty years rising from $1.30

History Of Minimum Wage Essay

1516 words - 6 pages which was a large jump from $5.15 per hour to $7.25 per hour. This jump of $2.10 was a large increase. Through the years it is evident that the minimum wage is constantly changing. “. It has averaged $6.60 an hour in purchasing power in 2013 dollars. But it has ranged from a low of $3.09 an hour in late 1948 to a high of $8.67 an hour in 1968(Sherk, J. (2013, June 25). Currently now there is a debate to raise the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour. This

Effects Of Increasing Minimum Wage Essay

996 words - 4 pages The idea of having a federal minimum wage is a good one. The idea is to protect low and unskilled workers and allow workers to earn a living wage. The recent debate on the floor, though, is whether or not to raise the minimum wage from the current $7.25 per hour up to $10.10. President Barack Obama made this proposal during his annual State of the Union Address, and after this there were many hot debates about it. The debates focused not only on

The Benefits Of Raising The Minimum Wage

970 words - 4 pages Minimum wage is a difficult number to decide on because it affects different income earning citizens in different ways. According to Principles of Microeconomics, by N. Gregory Mankiw, minimum wage is a law that establishes the lowest price for labor that and employer may pay (Mankiw 6-1b). Currently, the minimum wage in the United States is $7.25 per hour. For many years politicians and citizens have argued on what should be the minimum wage