Mediation of the Israeli Palestinian Conflict
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the violent clash between the Israelis and Palestinians since the creation of Israel in 1948, and unofficially for many years before then. This long-lasting conflict centers on a number of major issues including: mutual recognition of borders, security, water rights, control of Jerusalem, Israeli settlements, Palestinian freedom efforts, and refugee rights ("History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict" 2008). These tensions have lead to the outbreak of violence between the Israelis and Palestinians, has drawn international attention, and many efforts have developed to bringing about an end to the conflict.
The feud, which keeps the fires of contempt burning, is a three thousand year-old battle over the Holy ground of Jerusalem. This violence between national communities of believers was exacerbated by the Ottoman Empire's control of Israel and the surrounding territory (including the Gaza Strip and the West Bank) during the late 19th and early 20th century (Tessler 1994). At the time, the conflict between the groups was mostly over religious differences between Jewish and Arab-Muslim communities and control over Jerusalem, but as the British gained control of the country from 1917 to 1948, the clash became known as the "Jewish-Arab conflict over Palestine/Erez-Israel", this then changed with the declaration of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948 and the subsequent Six-Days War over control of the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights fought between Israel, Egypt, Jordan, and Syria (Biger 2008). 1978 offered the first effort for mediation in order to end what was then known as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict known as the Camp David Summit of 1978. The United Nations, concerned with the violence that had erupted in the region developed the United Nations Partition Plan after a mediation session with included the Security Council of the United Nations. (Helman 1992). What resulted from those mediation efforts were the Oslo Accords, which were not finalized until 1993. 1993 until 2000 was the period of relative peace between the Israelis and partly autonomous Palestinian authority and success for the Oslo Accords until the Second Intifada, which was an uprising of the Palestinians for control of the contested region. In 2000 the second round of mediation was attempted in which American President Bill Clinton invited both leaders of the conflict, after fifteen days of attempts, this mediation failed a new round of violence reemerged and settled focus on the West Bank and Gaza Strip( Shamir 2005). Israel's focus around the Gaza Strip inadvertently led to the strengthening of Hamas in the area in response, which in took control over the Gaza Strip in 2007.
Although there have been a number of mediated efforts at ending the violence in the Israel-Palestine region, this...