Medical Article Analysis

992 words - 4 pages

I have chosen an article titled, “Long-term follow-up of trapeziectomy with abductor pollicis longus tendon interposition arthroplasty for osteoarthritis of the thumb carpometacarpal joint.” This article comes from the Journal of Orthopaedics, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 59-64, June 2013. The authors of this article are Erez Avisar, Michael Elvey, Ziv Wasrbrout, and Maurice Aghasi. The hypothesis of this article was that the participating patients with moderate to severe osteoarthritis of the thumb would receive higher quality long-term results after receiving a trapeziectomy with abductor pollicis longus (APL) interposition arthroplasty. The primary reason for this investigation is to try and determine the optimal treatment for carpometacarpal (CMC) arthritis care as well as to analyze the patient’s post-surgical well-being after a prolonged period of time, fifteen years in this case.
The article first introduced that CMC is the most common joint in the hand to become arthritic and is characterized by pain, weakness, and deformity all of which can lead to significant disability (Aghasi, M., et. al, 2013). The pathophysiology of the arthritis is deemed to derive from either: 1) human evolutionary adaptation which has sacrificed the stability of the CMC joint or 2) the weakening of the palmar beak ligament and destabilization of the saddle joint leading to degenerative alterations. Once conservative methods of treatment, such as hand therapy, splinting, and steroidal injections have been exhausted surgical intervention is taken. This particular surgery involves an incision 1cm distal to the base of the first metacarpal and continuing proximally over the CMC joint, through the snuff-box, and ending 2.5 cm proximal to the radial styloid. Next, the trapezium is exposed and excised and the radial tendon is dissected, rolled up, and used as a spacer in the CMC joint by being anchored to the flexor carpi radialis. This is done to enhance the metacarpal abduction of the pollex. (Aghasi, M., et. al., 2013). Since much of the CMC surgery evidence existed with only short-term post-operative data, this study seeks to establish the long-term benefits of having a trapeziectomy with APL interposition arthroplasty to alleviate CMC arthritis.
This study involved thirteen patient participants, fourteen of the original patients were lost to follow-up and two lost to death. The mean age of the participants was 72 years (56-82) and the mean time of clinical and radiographic assessment was 15 years postoperative. The techniques used to perform the experiments were clearly defined and consisted of every patient undergoing the same APL tendon arthroplasty by the same group of surgeons (the authors). The clinical and radiographic evaluations were set in place to determine if the physician’s hypothesis were to be accepted or rejected. These evaluations consisted of visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores of both hands and The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand...

Find Another Essay On Medical Article Analysis

Benefits of Information Technology in Healthcare Industry

555 words - 2 pages Choose article on information technology in healthcare and discuss it. Write a two-page essay about this article explaining what the author believes; the implications of those beliefs for information management, health care and the structure of health care; whether you agree with his analysis, why or why not; and how would you solve the problem.Benefits of Information Technology in Healthcare IndustryOver the last decade the medical industry has

High Hopes at Miracle-Gro in The Medical Marijuana Field

866 words - 3 pages Dana Mattioli authored High Hopes at Miracle-Gro in Medical Marijuana Field in a published article of June 14, 2011. The article describes a new exploration venue undertaken by Scotts Miracle-Gro Co., to expand its market into the medical marijuana field. The company aims to increase its revenues by diversifying its target market as a result of the recent legalization of medical marijuana in several states. The main characters in this

Medical Marijuana: A not so new form of medical treatment

1226 words - 5 pages analysis and the steps that were taken to prevent bias and carefully select the study group involved. The results of this study were that no substantial increase of illegal marijuana usage was determined due to the legalization of medical marijuana in California and that attitudes towards drug usage had not majorly changed (752-763). Another concern that has come about after the legalization of medical marijuana is that of the employer’s liability

Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized

3282 words - 14 pages , Peter. "War on Drugs." CQ Researcher 2 June 2006: 481-504. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. Koch, Kathy. "Medical Marijuana." CQ Researcher 20 Aug. 1999: 705-28. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. Koch's article presents a detailed overview of the debate on the use of medical marijuana. The article provides the history of the topic, the beliefs of both sides of the debate, and scientific and statistical analysis on medical marijuana. The article uses both anecdotes and the

Hospital Food with Trans Fat

564 words - 2 pages December of last year. These fries were sent to laboratories for analysis. Several hospitals such as UCLA Medical Center, University of Washington Medical Center and University of Michigan Health System served fries with an average of 4-6 grams of trans fats in a 6 ounce serving. This was exceptionally close to the 8 grams found in a 6 ounce serving of McDonald’s fries. Other hospitals such as Children’s Medical Center Dallas and Children

Justification of Choices of Polemic Arguments

1087 words - 4 pages : Does Parental Sexual Orientation Matter? By R. Farr, S. Forssell and C. Patterson) used as a supporting source for argument 6 in support of gay marriage is not user friendly for site patrons; the Medscape article would provide just as credible a source for the argument whilst maintaining a user-friendly resource for further investigation of the topic. An analysis into the evaluated texts was conducted in relation to their over all linguistic

Communication and Leadership in Health Care

2474 words - 10 pages Introduction This paper employs multiple research techniques and sources to give a holistic analyst of the partnerships developed with people from different division of a healthcare organization. I identify problems from my personal experience as an Ophthalmic Technician and System Analyst for the Department of Ophthalmology at The Ohio State University Medical Center. The Literature Review, Analysis, and Solutions sections are based on

Childhood Obesity as a Predictor of Premature Death

917 words - 4 pages Analysis of Newspaper Research Report Paper Childhood obesity has risen dramatically within the past few decades increasing ones awareness of the consequences that this disease entails. An average of 30% of children are suffering from obesity and overweight each year and yet, this condition remains to be under diagnosed and untreated (Moran, 1999). It is said that overweight children have a greater risk of developing medical problems and that

Journal Article Critique - Bougainville Copper: A Case Analysis in International Management

2377 words - 10 pages company operated in Papua New Guinea. (“The case of the Bougainville mine: Success and failure in the management of a multinational corporation.” Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management, vol. 8; pp70-85).This essay focuses on the article in terms of the clarity of ideas, adequacy of literature review, specification of research goals, adequacy of data collection and data analysis, assessment of empirical methods, and

"Necessity is the mother of invention". Evaluate this statement in relation to scientific and technological experimentation.

4670 words - 19 pages old are crisis. The history of technology over 50 years is used to prove that risks cause necessity to create invention of new technology. Hall, B.J. (2000). Use of the pulmonary artery catheter in critically ill patients: Was invention the mother of necessity? Journal of the American Medical Association, 283(19), 2577-2578.         This article has been written for doctor and hospital that involve in surgery area. This article discusses

The Causes of Strokes

1088 words - 4 pages are no complicated medical terms. The article uses simple language as much as possible. To a certain extent, the article may appeal to readers with non-technical backgrounds or orientation in healthcare. In addition, the information provided in the website leans more towards providing healthy living tips rather than the use of complicated medical terminology. The design and presentation of the website may attract young people, possibly those

Similar Essays

A Rhetorical Analysis Of Article In Medical Journal

1278 words - 5 pages thus seeks readership of those involved in the field, in a less medical nature also. The article begins by establishing the credibility of the authors. Their professional competency is established through the acknowledgement of their professional affiliations. These professional affiliations and subsequent status increases their credibility in terms of their authority and knowledge on the subject. Lisa Dixon, Curtis Adams and Alicia

Discussing Whether The Spanish Medical Council Should Refer Maria's Case For Preliminary Ruling Under Article 234.

1820 words - 7 pages I will be discussing whether the Spanish Medical Council should refer Maria's case for preliminary ruling under article 234. The principle of Article 234 EC Treaty is to ensure that EC Law is applied and interpreted uniformly throughout the member states. Article 234 provides that a court or a tribunal must refer a matter of "interpretation of the statute of bodies established by an act of the Council, where those statutes so provide". The

Health Care And Medical Needs Of The Elderly/Article Summaries On Positive And Negative Effects Of Aging

586 words - 2 pages infants, walk on our two feet throughout the “prime” of our lives, and when we become old we depend on a cane. As we age we find that we change, both in positive and negative ways, and even of we fail to recognize this fact, the society that we live in does not fail in bring this fact to out attention.An article that seemed to be widespread publication just a couple of weeks ago was an article about the sex lives of the elderly. The

Medical Errors In Usa Essay

1170 words - 5 pages errors are ranking third in causing deaths in US. In the article, he notes that medical error complications are an emerging major public health issue as he reports that nearly 400,000 American patients die annually due to complications resulting from medical errors. The trend seems to be growing because nearly 10 years ago the figure was nearly 250,000 cases. This is according to a report by Dr. Starfield. Without much guess, this confirms that