Human Subject Research
Human medical experiments are also known as human subject research. The Department of Health and Human Services describes a human research subject as a living person whom a researcher obtains data from. Human subject research is basically an experiment that is conducted to be used as research or clinically oriented that involves the use of humans for the experimentation. It involves both the gathering and evaluation of the information collected to answer a specific question. Some examples of clinically oriented studies include the analysis of biological specimens, epidemiological and behavioral studies. Some examples of research oriented studies include surveys, ...view middle of the document...
(Human Subjects Research in the News, 2013) The research also shows that even if you are not a college student, that doesn’t mean you’re off the hook. If you’ve grown accustomed to using your phone frequently, day and night, you too might be at risk. 500 Male and female students from Kent University were used in this study. The investigators took cellphone and texting use, and used conventional questionnaires about anxiety and life satisfaction, or happiness to conduct the experiment.
Human Subject Protections
As with any medical procedure, there are certain protections that have to be in place for the patient or subject. The National Institute of Justice published recommended rights of human subjects in 2010. Test subjects must be voluntary and give consent to take part in any experiment. All test subjects must be given the right to end participation in the study at any given time. The benefits of the study should always outweigh the costs to the patient participating. All participants are to be protected from physical, mental and emotional harm, and their privacy and well-being should be protected.
Restrictions on Medical Experimentation and Drug Testing
In research that is supported or conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services, basic regulations that govern the protection of the human subjects were published in 1974. A chain of highly unfavorable publicized abuses in research cases led to the 1974 National Research Act. Through the act the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavior Research was formed. The National Commission was charged with identifying the ethical principles that monitor the conduct of behavioral and biomedical research involving human participants, and to create guidelines that guarantee the research in...