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Medical Research And Evidence Based Practice

744 words - 3 pages

When working in the medical field it is important to understand and stay up to date with the latest research and methods of practice. There are many different methods used to perform and evaluate medical research available to professionals. The focus of this paper will center on medical research, evidence based practice, and using the PICO method to outline the focus of individual studies. By evaluating each of these methods we can better understand the different ways to perform medical research and how they should each be used.
When looking to evaluate research and evidence based practice a distinction between the two must first be made. There are many differences between research and evidence based practice. The main distinction between the two is the matter of opinion or bias. EBP requires the conduction of studies with many people involved. There are many areas vulnerable to personal errors, preferences, and opinions that could each affect the results of the study. With general medical research personal opinions are not included. There is little chance of bias because medical research is just presenting factual information with no personal involvement. Whereas, the amount of personal involvement in evidence based practice leaves it open to being affected by an individual’s opinion. “”Evidence-based practice challenges nurses to look at the "why" behind existing methods and processes in the search for improvement (Health Leader’s Media).”” The purpose of evidence based practice is to stop carrying out medical practices simply because it is the way it has always been done. Instead, evidence based practice encourages the medical community to change practices to ways that have been proven to yield the best results for patients.
To evaluate research using the PICO model, the model must first be explained. The PICO model is composed of four parts, each part asking a question pertaining to the research. The first point in the PICO model is the “P” which can stand for patient, problem, or population. This point is used to identify the subject of the study. The second point of the model is “I” which stands for intervention. This point is used to identify what action or intervention is being used for the selected population. The “C” in the...

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