Medical Treatment For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

1226 words - 5 pages

The different causes of what might start the onset of autism are often featured in the news and can also become a hot debate. I chose the topic of autism treatment because I am interested in whether there is a possibility of a cure. It has many different types that fall within a wide spectrum. This area of research is important because it affects so many children as well as families. According to Autismspeaks.org, autism affects 1 in 88 children. Science is advancing and making the right track to better help move more children and adults with autism to best outcome situations. Since it’s finding, there has been many types of treatment for autism. This includes early intervention, transitional services, behavioral treatment as well as a few medicines. Right now, new research for medicines that affect autism at the cellular level shows a promising lead to a new treatment for those in need.

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Strokes define autism spectrum disorder as, “a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior”. Social impairment is the main mark of a child with ASD. Milestones not being met during infancy, such as responding to name, babbling or pointing by the age of one is often a sign that a child may have ASD. There are no medical test to determine if a child has autism so evaluations, questionnaires and other screening measures are used.
During the first three yours of our development is a very critical time, the brain goes through many different chancges and processes. During this time a person with a child with ASD’s brain may become damaged or altered in a significant wy√= So Autism may involve brain defects, damage and underactivity of cognitive capacity. This due to but just as often it involves very significance brain differences that generate atypical cognitive gains and overactivity
ASD doesn’t have one single cause. In about 15% of cases, at has been found that several genes may play a part themselves (AUTISMSPEAKS.ORG). It has also been found that other genes as well as gene mutations may increase the risk of ASD. However, carrying autism risk genes as well as environmental factors have been shown to cause most cases of autism (Autismspeaks.org). It has also been shown that ruebella during pregnancy, tuberous sclerosis, fragile X syndrome and encephalitis may play a contributing factor in causing autism. Studies showing vaccines including MMR have shown no link to causing autism.
For children and families who are affected by autism there are few treatment options. Behavioral and educational therapies/interventions are popular. During these sessions, social, behavioral and language skills are used. It has been shown that these early intensive behavioral intervention improve learning, communication and social skills in young children with autism (autismspeaks.org)....

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