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Medicare: A Major Health Policy In United States

1466 words - 6 pages

Financial liability associated with illness is a huge burden which can result in lack in proper medical care. Only half of old age people had health insurance. The U.S. Federal government initiated a social Insurance Program, one of its most significant success stories called MEDICARE to meet its objectives of providing affordable healthcare. Its objectives included ( i) to create awareness about the financial risk associated with illness throughout the society , (ii) guarantee Americans aged 65 and above and younger people with disabilities proper medical access to health insurance initially, (iii) issue a MEDICARE HEALTH INSURANCE CARD to the benefiter to help them avail its benefits .
Medicare policy is in vogue for over forty years and has brought tremendous changes in the society and created a better place to live in . This can be seen by the fact that Medicare in the year 2010 has provided health insurance to around 48 million people
In the year 1965, under the leadership of President Johnson under the Social Security Act , the social health programme was given the title of Medicare which at its inception provided health insurance to people of the age 65 and above .
The US Federal Government made several changes in the policy and created a better society with an increased life expectancy. The increase in the life expectancy can be evidenced because of the following reasons: (i)better medical services provided at later stages of their life.(ii) science and medicine has advanced a lot. (iii) increasing participation by private companies to give medical Insurance Coverage . (iv) coverage of younger people.
Medicare started with providing insurance to the legal residents of US aged 65 and older over the last 5 years. Person below the age of 65 suffering from some disability can also get medical Insurance Coverage on a condition that they had Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI ). Various other condition such as they get continuous dialysis for their end stage renal disease or if they need a kidney transplant.
. In 2008 Medicare provided health care coverage to around 45 million Americans, by the year 2010 the figure rose to 48 million and it is expected Medicare enrolment will reach 78 million by 2030 .
Medicare benefits can be listed as below:
Part A : The first part is related with hospital insurance
Part B : Second part is related with Medical insurance
Part C : Medicare Advantage Plans is the third part.
Part D : Prescription Drugs is the last one.
Medicare involves various sources of financing to be successful in its implementation. Ita Hospital Insurance is largely funded by payroll taxes levied on employers as well as workers which are established by Federal Insurance Contribution Act ( FICA ) and Self-Employment Contributions Act of 1954. Medicare taxes are imposed every year which funds the maximum...

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