Drug Testing Essay

3244 words - 13 pages

Drug testing is a laboratory procedure that looks for evidence of drug consumption by analyzing urine, blood, and hair samples. If tested, you must provide a sample in front of an observer to make sure that it is not tampered with. Samples are then sent to a laboratory for analysis, after which the employer is notified of the results (Wodell 1).
Exactly who should be subject to the new trend of mandatory drug tests, is the big question being raised among businesses, schools, athletes and federal government employees. Businesses feel that random drug testing of their employees will create higher productivity, save on health care costs, improve employee turnover, prevent less accidents, and improve job satisfaction. Schools are beginning to test their students in more and more regions. This time it is not just athletes, but anybody involved in any after-school activities will be tested as well. Schools feel that testing their students will give students an excuse to say no to drugs. It has also generated much controversy among employees of the federal government because employees feel that it is a violation of their right to privacy.
Today 81% of large U.S. corporations engage in some type of employee drug screening, and 98% of Fortune 200 companies have drug-testing policies. On the other hand, employees are more aware of their rights. With the heightened awareness of privacy issues in the U.S, instituting a drug-testing policy can leave a company on shaky legal ground if they are not careful. Testing agencies claim that this growing trend is working to cut back on drug and alcohol abuse in the work force. According to one facility in 1987, 18.1% of those tested showed positive drug use compared to 1997, where only 5% out of five million tests came back positive. As far as the drugs of choice in these tests are 60% are for marijuana, 16% for cocaine, and opiates make up approximately 9 to 10% of the positive test results (Flynn 107).
On the contrary, many employees are not very happy about having to take drug tests and they are voicing their opinions. A recent study conducted by the LeMoyne College Institute of Industrial Relations suggests that, mandatory drug testing actually hurts workplace work place productivity and may promote the abuse of cocaine, booze and other drugs. The study also implied that these programs reduce employee productivity by as much as 33%, because it makes workers feel that they are not trusted by their employers. Lastly, the study points out that because drug tests tend to zoom in on marijuana (which only stays in the system for six weeks) some are turning to cocaine, and psychedelic mushrooms which leave little residue in the body (Workplace 1).
Companies putting these testing policies in place must also consider the legal repercussions involved if they are not careful. Many firms have found themselves in violation of our Fourth Amendment protection against unlawful search and seizure, better known as a...

Find Another Essay On Drug Testing

Constitutionality of Drug testing Essay

1104 words - 4 pages The drug testing policy is a broken system that should be eliminated, it is siphoning off funds, is fundamentally ineffective and a blatant violation of constitutional rights Chris Hardy English III CP T.Wecht September 18, 2009 Constitutionality of Drug testing Free Speech. Fair trials. Due process. Protection from unreasonable search and seizure. The common factor? All the latter are God-given rights, rights that Americans

Drug Testing Is Illegal Essay

927 words - 4 pages using a drug test are infringing on the student or employees rights. In South Carolina, a hospital was drug testing pregnant women and reporting the positive results to the police. The Supreme Court found this to be a violation of the Forth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution’s protection against unreasonable search and seizures without probable cause.      There is a very large possibility for an error on a drug test. If a

Drug Testing Student Athletes

1083 words - 5 pages Drug Testing Student Athletes Every athlete has probably at some point has been told to represent their school with class. Athletes are held to high standards, they are expected do the right thing on and off the field, and to lead others by setting a good example. As a role model for younger athletes and other students, should our athletes be required to prove they are being responsible even when no one is watching? Should we drug test all of

Welfare and Drug Testing

637 words - 3 pages , including marijuana, cocaine, and amphetamines. The tests don't cost much - less than ten dollars each - and are fast.People are either for or against drug testing. Opponents of drug testing believe that it is violating the constitutional protections in the Fourth Amendment. The Fourth Amendment to the U.S Constitution states, "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures

Drug Testing For Athletes

894 words - 4 pages Case Study Paper: Drug Testing for Athletes in Public School Supreme Court Case Vernonia School District vs. Acton I chose to do my case study paper on drug testing in public schools.This is of great interest to me as a teacher and coach because our school district recently decided to random test our student-athletes. My awareness of the solvent facts in this case will enable myself to be recognascent of any problems that may arise in the

Drug Testing Not Required

1575 words - 7 pages for the drug tests. So who will pay for these tests? In Lizette Alvarez’s article, she used Newton’s statement that citizens who are drug tested before receiving welfare benefits and test negative will be reimbursed by the state, but the money that is used to reimburse innocent citizens who were drug tested and tested negative is more than would have been paid out to the applicants who failed the tests. Drug testing welfare recipients is an

Drug Testing Welfare Recipients

1375 words - 6 pages Is it fair that in order to obtain a job, some people go through drug testing while drug and alcohol abusers receive free, no strings attached, financial assistance (see appendix A)? Food stamps and Medicaid are provided to low and no income Americans who would otherwise do without. According to heritage.org, a majority of the illegal drug use in American adults is tied to unemployed citizens. While there are many people who disagree with

Drug Testing Welfare Recipients

1112 words - 4 pages It is assumed by many that people who are receiving public assistance funds are using this money to support their alcohol and or drug addictions. Is drug testing to receive public assistance an answer to this problem? Would making this a condition of eligibility actually push people with serious substance abuse and or dependency problems farther away from the help and treatment they need? Federal Welfare Reform The Federal Welfare reform act

Antimicrobial Drug Sensitivity Testing

615 words - 2 pages      Antimicrobial sensitivity testing is important clinically because the proper selection of an antimicrobial drug in the treatment of a bacterial infection is ideally based on the knowledge of the sensitivities of the infecting organism. In this laboratory exercise you will be working within a group performing a commonly used test that is designed to determine whether or not an isolated organism is able to be treated

Drug Testing Athletes

2337 words - 9 pages that athletes are tested for, such as, performance-enhancing drugs, recreational drugs, and even abused prescription drugs. Of these three categories of illegal drugs, they each have several varieties of illegal drugs that fall within each category. Josh Seidman states that, "testing happens just once a year….after that test, the player is not tested again until the next year" (Seidman 1). So these athletes are only required to pass one drug

Drug Testing         My first topic paper is drug testing. Drug

1007 words - 4 pages Drug Testing My first topic paper is drug testing. Drug testing is used in all fields of work, from a fast food employee to a professional athlete. Is it morally right for companies to give their employees random drug tests? I think so.This could be considered an invasion of privacy, but it is necessary for companies to be sure that everyone in the company is clean and in a safe working environment.In the profession of sports athletes get

Similar Essays

Drug Testing Essay

1177 words - 5 pages Against Drug Testing of Student AthletesNothing in the Constitution allows random urinalysis testing for students participating in interscholastic athletics. Such testing of students has not been proven beneficial to the students or the sports programs. More and more schools are testing student athletes for drug use, and so far, they are divided on the question of when and why schools may test student athletes for drugs. Laws vary from state to

Drug Testing Essay

540 words - 2 pages Drug Testing Drug testing in schools is a major issue in schools in our society today. There are many issues concerning this topic. Some schools think it helps to keep kids safe in extracurricular activities and other things. But others think that it's a waste of time. Drug testing should not be allowed because it is an invasion of privacy and it is sometimes inaccurate and very costly.Everyone likes to know that they have the right to their own

Forced Drug Testing Essay

1277 words - 5 pages Should defendants be forced to take a drug test? Are pretrial programs effective in reducing failure to appear rates and pretrial crime? Are pretrial drug-testing programs ineffective because they are based on faulty assumptions? These three questions need to be answered for one to fully understand pretrial drug testing programs, and whether defendants should be forced to take a drug test or not. This paper will explain this issue and why

High School Drug Testing Essay

945 words - 4 pages . These drug addicts soon influence other students into doing the drugs because there isn’t a rule preventing drug use. In order to protect these student’s future, drug tests must be enforced among all students ensuring a safe environment for students to learn successfully. Allowing random drug testing in high schools will shy away students from trying these harmful drugs. The stop of drug use among high school students is crucial because drugs