Medicine in the middle ages was basic during a time when there were terrible illnesses, limited resources, and lack of medical knowledge. Despite not having access to all the advanced technology, medical knowledge, and amazing resources as we have today, they managed to treat some illnesses and diseases. The physicians were not able to figure out what caused the illnesses. There was not any access to antibiotics in the middle ages, which made it nearly impossible to cure the more critical diseases.
Medieval medicine was made from herbs, spices, and resins. It was applied in drinks, pills, rubs, baths, washes, ointments, purges, and poultices. Head pains were treated with sweet-smelling herbs. Mixtures of henbane and hemlock were applied to aching joints. Coriander was used to reduce fever. Stomach pains were treated with wormwood, mint, and balm. Lung illnesses were given medical treatment of a medicine which was made up of liquorice and comfrey. Horehound cough syrups and drinks were used for head-colds, cough, and chest congestion. Wounds were cleaned with vinegar as it was believed that it helped kill disease. Mint was used to treat venomous wounds, and Myrrh was used as an antiseptic on wounds. Yarrow or Archillea were used to help treat headaches and battle wounds. Leeches were also frequently used in medical treatments.
Medieval medicine was based on the ideas of the Greek philosophers, Hippocrates and Galen’s theory of the four humours. Using Hippocrates idea of examining urine, they created a chart to try and help doctors decide what could have been wrong. It was believed that illness was caused by the imbalance of the four humours. These humours were also linked to the seasons and four elements, and treatment consisted of bleeding, purging, and vomiting.
Religion was closely linked to medicine so hospitals were set up in monasteries to treat the sick. They were run by the Church and were not like the hospitals we have access to today. These hospitals were mainly for the poor and needy. It was rare to get treated at a hospital, the treatments that were offered were praying and feeding. However, religion...