Medieval Christianity Essay

1986 words - 8 pages

MEDIEVAL CHRISTIANTY
The Papacy

In the Middle Ages there was a conflict between the Emperor and the Pope that was known as the Investiture Struggle. What was the nature of this conflict between church and state? It concentrates on the papacy and the papal claims to universal authority.
Investiture is defined as the ceremony or act of investing or installing someone in high office. Having that understanding it is easy to see why the question would be asked by the emperor, on what basis and by what authority, did the Bishop of Rome claim power over all other bishops and indeed over all Christians ? Some of the claim was based on biblical passages, but some of it derived from political and cultural realities.
Until Constantine moved the seat of power in the 4the century Rome was the most important city in the western world, suffice it to say being the bishop of an important city such as Rome would certainly gave increased stature to the holder of that office. It certainly gave the Roman bishop automatic prestige in the western Mediterranean, where there were no other cities to rival it. In the east in the east it was another story altogether, rivals included Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem and Constantinople and the bishop of Constantinople would never did bow to Roman claims.
Tradition conferred upon Rome a certain amount of special prestige. After all Rome was the city of martyrs. The first persecutions, instigated by Nero, took place in Rome and the list of martyrs reads as a veritable hall of fame in Christendom. Ignatius, Ploycarp, Justin, Perpetua, Falicitas and Peter just to name a few. (Gonzalez 43, 46 & 84) In addition the claim could be made that heresy never took root in Rome which was in direct contrast to the east which was a hotbed of heresy and cities such as Alexandria were permanently tainted by this fact, especially since some of their own bishops had been leading figures in the heresies. The Bishops of Rome, and their flock, had generally remained constant. Prestige builds prestige, especially in the west, so Rome gradually became the arbiter of theology and church authority. By the 5th century, it was generally acknowledged that any bishop deposed by a local council could appeal his case to the bishop of Rome. Eastern bishops would avail themselves of this arbitration as well. However none of this would have supported papal claims later in the age when the city of Rome no longer commanded such automatic respect. But the bishop of Rome could always point to the Bible to buttress his claims.
In the Bible, there are passages in which Jesus gives some very specific instructions to Peter. One such passage is recorded in Matthew 16:18-19, it is the reply of Jesus to Peter when Peter acknowledged him as the Christ:
And I say to thee, thou art Peter and upon this rock I will build my Church and the gates of Hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give thee the keys of the kingdom...

Find Another Essay On Medieval Christianity

Christendom and The Song of Roland

1130 words - 5 pages the will of the Creator… [that] the higher shall always rule over the lower. (Hobson 113). Christianity is applied in forming feudal hierarchy, which becomes part of medieval Europe identity. The Song of Roland supports feudal hierarchy, that is, an unequal system of secular world. The poem represents it in an obedience mode by Roland the courageous warrior, pledging his fealty to Charlemagne (The Song of Roland 75, 766-73) by assuring that he

“In what ways did religion and economics influence the development of medieval Europe and Japan?”

905 words - 4 pages into how religion and economics influenced both medieval Europe and Japan and their development. Religion is known to be one of the most common influences of any civilization. This can be seen in medieval Europe where the religion, Christianity, sets the stage for many things to develop, from rights of all people, to a National Identity. Religion heavily influenced the Magna Carta, which helped shape modern democracy. It prevented King John from

Roman Barbarians and Christians

1331 words - 5 pages Roman Empire. Christianity begins its escalation in European culture in the 5th century and its status increases throughout the medieval era. Christianity, simply put, becomes the tie that binds European culture from the fall of Rome into the medieval era. Christian culture becomes the one and only outlet for education in the post-Roman world. Monastic life sees a great increase because it provided some sense of structure to its members and the

the name of the rose

663 words - 3 pages important, but not how intellectual pursuits were uninteresting to the Christianity if it wasn’t about God. To start, Arnaud’s film holds the theme of reason vs. faith and it shows us the influence of the Roman Church during the medieval era. The main character of “The Name of the Rose” is William of Baskerville. William investigates mysterious deaths of monks in the abbey. During the medieval time, the church controlled a fair amount of

The Rise of Christianity

1158 words - 5 pages In the space of a few hundred years, a small, often brutally persecuted cult rose to become the dominant religion of the West. The story of Christianity’s rise to prominence is a remarkable one, but the traditional story of its progression from a tiny, persecuted religion to the established religion in the medieval West needs to be cut down. While the Roman Empire weakened and crumbled, a new force - Christianity - developed within it (Adler

The History and Identity of Christianity

1993 words - 8 pages Bulletin Of Missionary Research 24 (2): 49-58. http://www.internationalbulletin.org/files/html/2000-02-contents.html. Russell, James C. 1994. The Germanization Of Early Medieval Christianity. 1st ed. New York: Oxford University Press. Scott, David W. M. 2014. 'The Southward Shift In Christianity'. Blog. Posts From The Frontier. http://blogs.bu.edu/dscott/2011/04/27/the-southward-shift-in-christianity/comment-page-1/. Tennent, Timothy C. 2010

Michelangelo Buonarroti

1062 words - 4 pages Christianity. The concept of combining pagan and Christianity is clearly shown in the central panel the Creation of Adam. God’s finger reaching out to Adam is transferring his godly powers to Adam .which depicts the Universal Man. Whereas Medieval art would consider placing man and God as equals to be wickedness, whereas the Renaissance ideal consider art depicting that men as gods was not evil. The Sistine Chapel showed that Michelangelo reflected the

American Evangelicalism

867 words - 3 pages late medieval (middle age) church (McGrath 2007). This term blossomed especially in the 1520s when the French and the Germans came prominently in the polemical writings of the early Reformation. The term is now used widely to refer to trans-denominational trend in theology and spirituality, which lays particular emphasis upon the place of the scripture in the life of Christianity. Moving into the twentieth century and focusing on the topic if

The Renaissance

898 words - 4 pages institutions, with an urban, commercial economy and lay patronage of education, the arts, and music. The term renaissance, meaning literally “rebirth.” Modern scholars have exploded the myth that the Middle Ages were dark and dormant. The thousand years preceding the Renaissance were filled with achievements. Because of the scriptoria (writing rooms) of medieval monasteries, Latin writers, such as Virgil, Ovid, Cicero, and Seneca, were preserved. The

Martin Luther the Evangelical Educator

1768 words - 8 pages Before the Reformation, medieval Christians all worshipped under the same universal idea of Christendom. The catholic faith had existed for centuries (since 325 C.E. Constantinople, Council of Nicaea) without opposition to it legitimacy, but at the turn of 1500s new ideas on Christian belief erupted all over Europe causing a split between the Church. Christianity prior to the reformation was a part of the worshippers’ everyday life. Their home

The Medieval Period

1533 words - 6 pages . These events led to the creation of a “centralized kingdom in England, autonomous duchies and counties in West Francia, a Holy Roman Empire in East Francia; and powerful cities in the Italian peninsula.” (Hollister, 125) The terrorizing tactics of the Magyars, Muslims, and Vikings ended around 1000, when they were either defeated or adopted Christianity. By the end of the early medieval period cities were expanding, trade and commerce thriving

Similar Essays

Christianity In Medieval Europe Essay

1545 words - 6 pages of medieval Europe through its role in government, construction of religious buildings and devastating crusades. Community ideas, zeal and rivalry where things that pushed Christians to build extensively around their faith. People in the middle ages where often divided and needed organization. Christianity gave people a connection and allowed them to come together and meet like a social event (Medieval World). Christianity in the middle ages

"The Waning Influence Of Christianity In Medieval Europe"

2133 words - 9 pages Unlike the Roman Empire, which had dominated the continent, Medieval Europe was not a unified Mediterranean world. Germanic tribes invaded many areas and overrun Europe, creating separate kingdoms. The only element uniting these kingdoms was the gradual adoption of Christianity as the dominant religion. However, none of these early Germanic kingdoms enjoyed any longevity, as Viking invasions and the emergence of other empires would ensue. The

Christianity In Medieval Ages History Essay

1431 words - 6 pages part religion plays in order to uphold a successful nation. From Machiavelli’s, Discourses on Livy, the importance of religion is emphasized, but it is noted that Christianity set a precedent in being separate from government causing vulnerabilities in a nation, whereas from St. Augustine’s, City of God, believed that all other religions, other than Christianity, should not be taken into consideration and that passion and unscrupulous ambition are

Medieval Art In A Modern World

625 words - 3 pages religious devotion present in the medieval period. Since Christianity was a very large part of medieval society, the Crucifixion was a central theme in Gothic art. There was even a guild in Paris devoted to the carving of such images (www.metmuseum.org). I think the impact of the plaque is intensified through the carving of the scene itself. The figures almost seem real, to exist in a three-dimensional world, allowing the viewer to feel some sense