Medieval Music: Precursor To Classical And Modern Music

1036 words - 5 pages

Medieval music strongly influenced composers of the Renaissance and that influence still is found in today's Classical music. Music is the art of combining tones to form expressive compositions. Over the ages a number of musical styles have emerged. Many of those music styles only had a short impact at the time. The impact of Medieval music, however, is significant because it influenced composers during the Renaissance, and through them today’s music.
The first type of medieval music that was created was Gregorian chant. Gregorian chant was a genre, of Roman origins, of sacred songs during the Middle ages. Before this chant the early Christian church sung Jewish and Byzantine religious ...view middle of the document...

The composers during the Renaissance used Gregorian chant’s melodies as the basis of their music. Gregorian chant also led to the creation of many other chants, like Gallican chant, Celtic chant, Old Roman chant, Beneventan and Mozarabic chant.
Gallican chant a very early Christian chant use in the Frankish kingdom, in Gaul.
Ambrosian chant was also known as Milanese chant because it was named after St. Ambrose, bishop of Milan from 374 to 397 C.E. It was sometimes called the oldest Western chant. Milanese chant manuscripts were found to be written around the twelfth century C.E. St. Ambrose is credited with composing hymns for his people to sing while Arian Christians were besieging them in their cathedral in 386. Even though Ambrosian chant had early origins, it was only identified around 569. When Carolingian kings of Italy ruled Lombardy in 962 they were singing Gregorian chants which was sung by the Roman Catholic Church. Lombardy inhabitants only sung Ambrosian chant. Ambrosian chant is significant because it was popular enough to “compete” against Gregorian and other chants that came from Gregorian chant.
All chants that were talked about, in this research paper, were monophonic chants. Monophonic meaning on vocal line. Organum was a musical technique created to give more support for the main singers. The technique was basically having a harmonic section singing along with the main singers. The first type of Organum was, Parallel Organum. The melody line was accompanied and supported by a second vocal section that was sung a fourth or a fifth below it. In other words the person writing the chant would create a dyad, which is a chord with two notes, by using a relative note; which is a note that goes along with the main note. This musical technique created a polyphony, which means a harmony, without anyone actually wanting to do so. The other lines were used support the main melody line by using vocals and instruments, by going along with the melody or the harmony. Parallel...

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