As the Greek and Roman empires ascended immensely throughout the western world, new ideas changed the way the Mediterranean Society handled things, which were spread across the globe. “The rise of the series of city-states of classical Greece began in the ninth century B.C.E. and during the late sixth century B.C.E, Rome’s development as a republic began as Etruscan society declined”(Bentley et al, 2008 p.132, 145). The development of these empires encouraged cultural circulation, blending the culture of the two empires into the land it conquered. As Greece and Rome gained more territory within the Mediterranean society, they began to progress toward a more civilized order of humanity. How were they alike? How were they different? How did they each influence the western world? These questions imply the relationship between the social orders among the Greco-Roman civilization. Although both Ancient Greece and Rome may be compared in many ways, I will discuss the Mediterranean society under the Greeks and Romans influence.
Similarities of the Greeks and Romans
One of the things the Greeks and Romans had in common were trade and integration. Bentley et al (2008) notes that “the Greek goods, such as, olive oil and wine, were traded around the Mediterranean for raw material—grain. By the early eighth century B.C.E., the Greeks trades gained substantial prosperity” (p 139). Furthermore, the Greek established a widespread colonial network within the Mediterranean coast, which inspired social relations in distant lands.
In comparison, Throughout the Romans Empire...” [their establishment traded] and became a center for the production of pottery, glassware, and bronze goods. Since the Roman land and sea trade routes encouraged trade from one country to another, the Roman citizens benefited from the wealth produced by trade” (Bentley et al, 2008 p.149). Moreover, while the production and transportation of goods was influential to the trading industry, the Romans were able to expand their empire by conquering distant lands.
Differences of the Greeks and Romans
Despite all their similarities, The Greeks and Romans engaged in substantive culture differences. Their religions derived from a complex set of gods and goddesses, called deities, who were seen as regulating human life. Since the Romans embraced culture from the Greeks, many traditions were the same. However, the Greek and Roman culture, although similar, are very different and appealing. For instance, the Greeks did not acknowledge an all-powerful god; they believe that deities controlled everything that transpired on earth. In other words, the Greeks sought religious cults to explain the forces that shape the world...