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Melasma Essay

841 words - 3 pages

Melasma is a skin disorder that appears as irregular brown skin patches on the cheeks, nose, forehead and upper lip. Melasma is not dangerous, but can impair your appearance, personality and self confidence. Various options of treatment are available and dermatologists found the melasma laser treatment to be effective of all.
Causes of melasma:
Melasma is caused due to an over production of melanin. Melanin is the substance that imparts color to the skin. The exact cause for this type of hyperpigmentation is not known. However, the main four factors that contribute to melasma are hormone, genetics, skin inflammation and sun exposure. Intense exposure to sun can worsen the problem. Pregnancy and menopause also can trigger melasma. It is common among pregnant women and is referred as “the mask of pregnancy”.
Who is affected?
Melasma is very common among women, affecting about 45 million people worldwide. It is common among people having dark skin tones than the lighter ones. It is more common among women during pregnancy, or with those women taking hormone replacement drugs or birth control pills. Melasma can also affect men, but it is rare.
Types:
There are three types of melasma:
• Epidermal
• Dermal
• Mixed
Epidermal plasma develops close to the surface of skin and can be easily controlled. Dermal plasma that occurs deep in the skin layers are difficult to treat. Mixed plasma is a condition when both the types are present.
Melasma laser treatment:
Melasma laser skin resurfacing
This process is precise and can be performed either on the entire face or a particular portion of the face. Laser resurfacing can treat other irregularities and imperfections in the skin texture and pigment. This form of melasma laser treatment also helps to tighten the collagen within the skin’s tissue. It helps in restoring the elasticity and gives you a more youthful appearance.
The laser skin resurfacing treatment for melasma generally requires a single treatment session with a healing period of one week. It takes between 15 minutes to one hour for the whole process depending on the location and size of the damaged area.
Melasma laser treatment is a better alternative for those where the other remedies have proved ineffective. Melasma laser resurfacing treatment is gaining popularity as it produces dramatic results with a short healing time.
YAG laser treatment:
The YAG laser imparts intense, short pulses of light. These light pulses are targeted to the melanin pigment in the cells that are affected by melasma. The surrounding skin is not affected with this melasma laser treatment. These treatments are given...

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