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Memorable Year Of 1931 Essay

2040 words - 8 pages

The year of 1931 is not only one of the most unforgettable years in Chinese history, but also a humiliating year to the entire nation. Our country which was torn apart by warlords and extremist politicians was a complete mess by the 1920s. Seeking opportunities to gain the full economic control in Manchuria, on September 18th, 1931, Japan launched a staged attack known as Manchurian Incident in Manchuria, a part of Northern China and finally the Japanese army took control of the whole region to protect their interests. As a young nationalist living in Beiping, the capital city of Manchuria at this very critical moment, I am deeply concerned of the current situation of people who is living in this region and terrified of the near future of our country.

In the fall of 1931, Japanese staged an attack on the Japanese owned Manchurian railway by “Chinese bandits”. Within a short period of time, Japanese has successfully occupied several important cities in this region. A full invasion led to the occupation of the north east region of China which lost a significant part of her territory. Moreover, Manchuria has always been known for its abundant natural resources and vast cultivable territory. Japan’s takeover of Manchuria will help their economic development and supply more funds to build up their military force.

Looking at the history of Japan, there is no doubt that the occupation of Manchuria will not stop Japan continuing her expansion toward the inner country in the near future. For example, two times of Japanese invasions of Korea during 1592-1598. Now Korea has been under Japan rules since 1910. On August 1st in 1894, the Sino-Japanese War marked our first direct confrontation with the Japanese government. The outcome of this war was devastating and humiliating. The Qing government was defeated by Japanese army, and the subsequent treaty of peace was signed at Shimonoseki on April 17th one year after the war. All these evidences confirmed the great ambitions of Japan government. As fellow patriots, what we feared is that their final goal is to not only turn China into one of her colonies, but to take over the entire Asia.

Japan had a long economic interest in Manchuria. Japan did not feel satisfied about the reward by the peace settlements of 1919 after the World War I. In the meanwhile, Japan has been facing considerable problems in their country since early 1920s, such as a rapidly growing population and a lack of land. Therefore the first interest of Japan is the economic benefits from the full control of Manchuria.

What economic benefits Japan can gain from the invasion? One can easily get an idea just at a glance of the last decade of Chinese history. Since the British Empire initiated the First Opium War in 1839, several western powers used military enforcement to open the door of China. These foreign countries attempted to divide our country for their own interest. They took opportunity to force the Qing government to sign...

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