Memory And Aging Essay

1616 words - 6 pages

Does it ever happen that you forget a name, even if the face is familiar? Can¡¦t remember the name of your first date? These questions are often associated with aging. Aging causes deterioration in various aspects of memory performance in normal adults. Although age differences in memory are seen in diverse experimental conditions, the effect of aging is not identical in all aspects of memory. Various models and schemes have been proposed to describe human memory function. This report will discuss some of the structural changes that inevitably occur and put into perspective the degree of slowing and functional loss that can be attributed to normal biological aging. To support the physiological view, the following will be examined: the different types of memory, the neuropsychology and neuroanatomy of memory in aging, and successful aging.Age-related declines in memory do occur and are of real concern to many older people. Yet one of the most striking aspects of the experimental literature is that age-related memory changes are extremely variable. It appears that some aspects of memory are well maintained as we age, while others are more vulnerable to the effects of aging.Short term memory refers to the holding of information in the conscious awareness for a short period of time. Long term memory refers to material which is removed from conscious awareness but which is retrievable after longer periods of time. The main affects of aging have shown to take place in long term memory (Winocur, COCR 938, Program 4). A concept closely related to short term memory is working memory which, however, refers to the more complex attentional capacity for simultaneously storing and processing the information needed during cognitive performances. However, although short term memory is well preserved, working memory is strongly affected by aging. This dissociation has been explained in terms of the long-term memory component involved in working memory. According to Baddeley¡¦s model, working memory comprises multiple components: the central executive, and two support systems (articulatory loop and visuospatial sketchpad) for the temporary maintenance of information. It has been suggested that central executive resources undergo a specific decrease, whereas the storage capacities remain unaffected by aging.Explicit memory accounts for the conscious recollection of facts and information acquired through learning. Procedural memory, and implict memory describes memory involved with learned skills or modifiable cognitive operations which is not expressed by conscious recollection, but rather through modified performance.Episodic memory refers to memory for autobiographical events related to particular temporal contexts. Ordinary memory tests of free recall, cued recall and recognition involve this type of memory. Semantic memory includes general knowledge about the world not associated with specific learning situations. The age differences...

Find Another Essay On Memory And Aging

Amnesia Essay

1049 words - 4 pages to happen, distinct areas deep in the brain need to function properly. For short-term memory to convert to long-term memory, other permanent changes to brain cells have to take place. This is similar to creating a permanent file or recording. Other parts of the brain perform this filing function. Occasional memory lapses or forgetfulness are common. These may be associated with depression, stress, lack of sleep, and normal aging. Memory loss

Ageism is Widespread in Western Societies

1671 words - 7 pages person and social effects highlight the necessity to comprehend the aging stereotypes content in terms of their applications and accuracy. It is particularly important to comprehend how negative stereotypes worsen poor performance in sections in which drop is real. Specifically, beliefs that memory is dire in old age may decrease motivation when enhanced motivation is required instead. A framework for interpreting and predicting persons' behavior is

Biological Aging-Effects on Body Systems

1621 words - 6 pages because of the aging process.As one of the first systems to develop within the embryo, the nervous system undergoes changes beginning with maturity. The brain decreases in size and weight due to cell loss. Processing information slows due to the decrease of synapse and neurotransmitters. The loss ofnerve cells in the brain and nervous system cause slower reactions, however memory loss is not part of the normal aging process (Carter, 2006). This

Review of President's Council of Bioethics Report

1173 words - 5 pages After completing the reading from Taking Care, Ethical Caregiving in our Aging Society, by the President's Council on Bioethics, I couldn't believe that I had already faced this same topic before. I have a sociology class that discusses this problem practically everyday. We talk about the future and what it holds for society. It was nice to see that other people are wondering the same thing.First is the idea of "Aging and Contemporary Society

Issues Affecting The Elderly

742 words - 3 pages IntroductionThe gradual process of maturation is known as aging. There are both positive and negative components of growing old. The positive components of aging are: an increase in wisdom, expertise, and experience. The negative components of decline are what is termed as senescence and refers to the decline in the capacity for cells to divide and grow. This decline will ultimately lead to death. There are also many changes that occur with

The Results Of Aging

1643 words - 7 pages Actually it's a report which was completed for OAC English ExcellentTHE RESULTS OF AGINGPrepared forMs. FergusonbyMark TrolleyAbstractThis report presents several aspects of aging. The report looks at a number of theories of why weage, the physical and mental changes we undergo as we age, and several ways of caring for theelderly.March 7, 1997TABLE OF CONTENTSLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.....iiiINTRODUCTION..............1THEORIES OF WHY WE AGE

Stereotypes in Older Adults

1635 words - 7 pages impairment stereotypes are further reinforced through the persons life span by virtue of exposure (Levy, 2003). Internalization of the cognitive impairment stereotype can affect a persons autonomy within their life. The elderly person attribute’s their normal aging process, of less efficient memory and slowed mental processing, as abnormal due to their misconceptions of the aging process(Lovell, 2006). As these changes are happening the elderly

Lifespan Development in Late Adults

1099 words - 4 pages irreversible. As we age, the speed of communication between and within nervous tissues is decreased (NLM, 2006). Being true for most people, they experience some deterioration of mental function with age, but most often not to the extent of compromising daily activities. Concerning memory, research suggests that the normal mental aging might occur in memory, including the areas of visual and verbal memory, visuospatial abilities, immediate memory

The Main Theories of How the Process of Aging Works

3398 words - 14 pages the molecular level of DNA mutations and replication, to the organism level of becoming “worn out.” Aging is a very complex and gradual process, and its ongoing operation is present to some degree in all individuals. It is a journey to the maturity, as well as to the degeneration of the body. Because aging affects every part of the body, many different steps are involved and various types of reactions occur. Changes in DNA take place, which can

Gingko Biloba

3950 words - 16 pages 1) the brain which enhances mental alertness and memory and 2) the extremities which improves circulation throughout the body. Gingko can increases the body’s production of the universal energy molecule adenosine triphosphate, commonly called ATP. Increased ATP levels boost the brain’s energy metabolism of glucose and increase electrical activity and mental alertness. 3. Scavenges free-radicals that can damage cells and accelerate aging

Issues Affecting the Aged

702 words - 3 pages late adulthood will not always result in the reduction of the persons abilities. A common cognitive defect seen in aging people is dementia. Although dementias don't occur very often in people over 65, the leading cause for dementia is Alzheimer's disease. This disease is fatal and begins with memory lapse and confusion and will end with the inability to care for ones self (, 2008).Physical changes can cause stress during exercise

Similar Essays

The Neurobiology Of Memory And Aging

1701 words - 7 pages The Neurobiology of Memory and Aging "I lost my keys again," my mother exclaimed at dinner a few nights ago, "I really am getting old." This use of old age as a justification for memory deficits is extremely common. Many people relate old age with loss of memory and other neurobiological functions. Why is it that aging seems to go hand in hand with losing and forgetting things? Is there a neurobiological explanation for this phenomenon

Biological And Physical Process Of Aging

644 words - 3 pages increase in weight; further decrease in height; and thinning, graying hair. The fifties may bring about menopause, as well as a decrease in taste, weight, metabolism, and memory. There is also an increased risk of diabetes during these years. While aging is not something that most people look forward to, it is something that can de done with grace and style, and can be enjoyed. Living a healthy, well- balanced lifestyle in the younger years can

Hgh: Fountain Of Youth? Essay

1194 words - 5 pages transmission. Similarly, aging increases the latency period between brain actions making a elderly persons' thought process slower. (1) Slowing of thought and memory are seen to be a normal part of aging (1) As nerves degenerate, reflexes to both physical and mental stimuli may also be reduced or lost. These are some of the normal nervous system changes that occur throughout the aging process. Scientists now believe that there may be a way to

Learning And Memory Essay

2445 words - 10 pages conditions appropriate for the age of the person increases their quality of life. Physically these people are healthier because they are staying active and keeping their mind sharp which increases their memory abilities.Laura Carstensen is the founding director of the Stanford Center on Longevity. In an interview for Money magazine in March of 2008 some of the questions asked were on education and longevity. One of the interviewer's questions was aging