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Memory Formation Essay

1328 words - 6 pages

First type of memory is sensory. Sensory memory is the shortest type of memory and usually disappears quite quickly. It is the memory of a stimulus caused by any of the five senses. As mentioned by Mr. Luke Mastin, the sensory memory for visual stimuli is often referred as the iconic memory, the memory for aural, or smell is referred to as echoic memory, and that for touch is referred to as haptic memory. Echoic memory, possibly being even more closely linked to memory than the other senses, this due to the olfactory bulb and olfactory cortex, where the smell sensations are processed. They are very close, separated by just 2 or 3 synapses. Which are involved in memory processes. Therefore, ...view middle of the document...

Also, it helps if the information interest you or grabs your attention. This is because you are more likely to remember something of high interest to you.
The more important the information, the more likely for it to be held in your in memory. Also the more you try to remember at one given time the more likely you are to forget it. As Mr.Martinez puts it you can look into your short-term memory by thinking about or going over your own current thoughts. When you are thinking about something, no matter what it is, the information is that of your your short-term memory. You can only think of a few things at any given time. Like remembering all of your best friends. You maybe able to think of a few more things, but the number of things you can think about at once is limited. (Michael E. Martinez) The short-term memory is an important process. It allows the brain to have a “middle man” for information and is important for the process of long-term memory.
The last type of memory is long-term memory. It is of course the memory of things in the long term. This type of memory is very important. We still don't know if we lose information in long-term or if we just struggle with recalling it. Data leads us to believe the we just struggle to recall the information. Which i’ll get into later, lets look at long-term memory some more. As Mr. Luke Mastin puts it short-term memories can become long-term memories by bringing these memories together, by going over again, and meaningful association. (Luke Mastin) This means if you go over something multiple times or if it’s something that holds meaning to you. Then, it will store the information in your long term memory. As Mr. McLeod also says the ability to retain information in the long-term could be unlimited, but the main drawback is being the ability to access the information. (Saul McLeod) So, long-term memories stay with us. Once it is stored in the long-term the information is there to go all we have to do is be able to recall it.
Now we will look over the process of recall. This process is where you go back over the previous information stored in the brain. This process is very important to the process of memory. It allows you to express what you have learned or recall and translate it to others. “Memory retrieval therefore requires re-visiting the nerve pathways the brain formed when encoding the memory, and the strength of those pathways determines how quickly the memory can be recalled. Recall effectively returns a memory from long-term storage to short-term or working memory, where it can be accessed, in a...

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