This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Menelik's Impact On Ethiopia Essay

2210 words - 9 pages

European colonization caused devastation and humiliation towards African colonies. The imperialistic colonizers were in total dominance with their substantial amounts of power over these colonies. They had stronger militaries, and more advanced weaponry. In theory, African colonies had little to no chance of remaining independent, but remarkably, Ethiopia managed to do it. Ethiopia remained independent and prospered due to the efficient leadership that came from Emperor Menelik II. Menelik ruled during a tough time in African history, where he was confronted with many challenges; mostly having to do with European Imperialism. Menelik II successfully held off European imperialism through his ...view middle of the document...

The Italians were striving to become a major world power, and imperialism was a great way to gain this power. Therefore, Italy began to make their move on the next available territory, Ethiopia. Menelik’s first encounter with Italy was when Italy had initially gained influence in the neighboring country, Eritrea, then shortly after, they later proposed the Treaty of Wuchale, which would recognize their influence in Eritrea. Menelik signed the treaty without realizing the underlying scandal. The problem with this treaty was that it was written in two different versions; an Amharic version and an Italian version. The Italians schemed Menelik by changing article 17 from saying in the Italian version that, “The Emperor consents to use the Italian government for all the business he does with all the other Powers or Governments” to saying in the Amharic version, “The Emperor has the option to communicate with the help of the Italian government for all matters that he wants with the kings of Europe.” Menelik found out about the scandal, and immediately refuted the treaty. Meanwhile, Menelik had been importing mass amounts of firearms during this time, along with expanding his territory. During the dispute of the treaty, France sided with Ethiopia, arguing the falsity of the treaty. Menelik refused to agree with the terms of this treaty, and the Italians began to invade Ethiopia. The Italians eventually marched towards the capital and the Battle of Adwa was fought. Ethiopia won the Battle of Adwa, causing Ethiopian independence was recognized by Italy.
Menelik’s action to import firearms was pivotal; he may have not obtained his victory at the Battle of Adwa without this action. During the dispute with Italy, Menelik began preparing for war before it was too late. Menelik imported thousands of guns, along with millions of bullets from Italy, Italy distributed these guns in act of gratitude, in order to try and soften Menelik’s stance on the Treaty of Wuchale. Menelik also seeked out and purchased firearms from local resident dealers in Harer, Ethiopia. In addition, he imported weapons from profit seeking gunrunners in the French colony of Obok, located in current day Djibouti. This importation of mass amounts of firearms eliminated the leverage the Italian military had, which was their advanced weaponry. Firearms were extremely expensive, but Menelik was able to pay for it through his expansion of territory. Previously, Menelik chose to expand his territory through conquest, then he shifted the main power of his country from the north, to the conquered land in the south. This shift in power gave Menelik new economic opportunities. Formerly, Ethiopia’s economy was weakening due to the lack of resources in the north. Luckily for Ethiopia, Menelik’s conquest obtained new resources such as gold, ivory, musk, coffee, hides, and even slaves. Menelik used majority of these new resources to purchase his firearms, his action to do so showed wise forethought...

Find Another Essay On Menelik's Impact on Ethiopia

Ethiopia Essay

2632 words - 11 pages ”. The most challenging factor in the Ethiopia’s economic development is the financial assistance, as it is still paying the debt of financial assistance institutions such as International Monetary Funds, World Bank, African development bank etc. “Ethiopia has relied heavily on external borrowing together with massive inflows of external grants where increase in aid is alleged to have a negative impact on revenue collection” (Martins, 2007

Big ‘D’evelopment and the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

3046 words - 12 pages Egypt has caused these two countries to come to the forefront of this controversy, while Sudan has taken on a marginal role. It seems likely that Sudan sees this as a win-win situation for them, since it is unlikely that they will lose the water rights that they already have by staying neutral in the discussion, while they could potentially gain from not taking a stand against Ethiopia. The potential impact on inequality that the GERD will have is


1806 words - 7 pages experienced in many areas has caused serious food shortage in several parts of the country. The impact of the rain on three important sources of food has particularly been severe. •     The belg and Meher crops in a number of areas did not grow •     Early maturing non-Belg crops, which are important sources of food before the Meher Harvest and the Meher rain also failed •     Livestock condition in some of the pastoral areas has been affected

Refugees and Internally Displaced Peoples within the Horn of Africa

1685 words - 7 pages two-thirds, or 7.7 million, are located in the Horn of Africa (Central Intelligence Agency [C.I.A.], 2011). Despite the high number of refugees and IDP in the Horn of Africa, the focus will be on Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan. This paper will attempt to shed a light on the plight of refugees and IDP and their potential impact on interests of the United States (U.S.). Eritrea has the lowest number of refugees and IDP with almost 32,000

Unit III: Power Over Peoples

1817 words - 7 pages American frontier in 1890 marked the end of United States' conquest of the continent (Headrick, 284). Much as in North America and Africa, the conquests of the native people of Argentina and Chile that had been slow for many years sped up significantly with the advancement of firearm technology (Headrick, 284-285). Ethiopia, on the other hand, proved to be much more successful than the native people of North and South America in defending

Ethiopia’s Conflict in the Ogaden Region of Somalia Regional State

1215 words - 5 pages freedom of their people based on religious or personnel desires but could potentially be a front for organized terrorist activity in the region. Understanding the implication of both parties involved in this dispute essentially impact every scenario as well as U.S. interests in the region. Distinguishing Ethiopia or the people of the Ogaden region as a higher priority than the other is virtually impossible. The conflict that is occurring in the

Comparison of Ethiopia and Mali

1793 words - 7 pages set backs, but the recently signed peace treaty has Ethiopia’s government focusing its spending on improving infrastructure. In early 2002, Ethiopia was faced with a food crisis. Rainfall has been less than expected and is having a serious impact on food shortages. 14 million people are currently faced with food shortages. The European Union is Ethiopia’s primary trading partner, with 38% of their imports coming from the EU, and 45% of their

CUA Task 2 - A comparison of two cultures - language, traditions, and socioeconomic factors - WGU CUA - Research Paper

1986 words - 8 pages million dollars last fiscal year – a growing impact on their struggling economy. (Shiferaw, 2017). In Ethiopia, public education is free at primary, secondary, and tertiary levels, though a lack of transportation and money for books keeps many children from attending, especially in rural areas. Schools in El Salvador are free through the 9th grade, and more easily accessible. Transportation to school is available, as well as more school

Instability in Eritrea and its Impact on the United States

979 words - 4 pages war on terror will never end. It is unlikely that the U.S. will ever have a large impact in Eritrea. The two most significant concerns our country could influence is the settling of the border disputes and the distribution of food and medical aid. This is assuming we can salvage a relationship with a country that asked us to stop providing aid. The U.S. commitment to Ethiopia will only serve to strain our relationship with Eritrea. Eritrea has

Eritrean and Ethiopian Political Policy

1896 words - 8 pages background information on Eritrea: Eritrea gained independence from Italian colonial control in 1941, and the UN established Eritrea as an autonomous region within the Ethiopian federation in 1952. Ethiopia’s full annexation of Eritrea as a province in 1961 sparked a 30 year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating government forces. In 1998, Eritrea engaged in a two and a half year border war with Ethiopia. In 2007

The Impacts of Devaluation on Export Performance: The Case of Ethiopia

1254 words - 5 pages .” Munich Personal Research Papers in Economics (MPRA). MPRA Paper No. 29161 posted 26. February 2011.Munich. Michael, Nwidobie Barine. 2011. “An Impact Analysis of Foreign Exchange Rate Volatility on Nigeria’s Export Performance.” European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences Issue 37: 47-55. National Bank of Ethiopia (NBE). 2011. National Bank Annual Report 2009/10. Addis Abeba: NBE.

Similar Essays

Fssges Essay

3054 words - 12 pages relations held together by powerful authority figures', and an agriculture based economy that generated 'a strong attachment to land' and 'a corresponding network of land-based rights and services' usually negotiated with feudalism" this is important as Ethiopia is considered to have a similar feudal system to that of Russia. Not only is the feudal considered to be similar to Russia on a visit to Ethiopia Alexander Bulatovich states "this is how I would

Africa History Essay

3054 words - 12 pages relations held together by powerful authority figures', and an agriculture based economy that generated 'a strong attachment to land' and 'a corresponding network of land-based rights and services' usually negotiated with feudalism" this is important as Ethiopia is considered to have a similar feudal system to that of Russia. Not only is the feudal considered to be similar to Russia on a visit to Ethiopia Alexander Bulatovich states "this is how I would

Facts And Information On Ethiopia, Africa

966 words - 4 pages , Americares, UN, and a couple more. Since 1984, Save the Children has had a great positive impact on Ethiopia, providing food, water, and health services for over half a million people who are destroyed by the famine and droughts. Save the child encourages people to sponsor Ethiopian children, provides over a million families with food, and water and health care. “They improved the health of over 2.8 million women by providing different vaccinations

The State Of Food Insecurity In Ethiopia Research Paper

832 words - 4 pages Ethiopia is a nation that suffers from chronic food insecurity. Towards the end of 2015, Ethiopia was affected by the latest El Ni?o induced drought caused by the annual . This drought has lead to cattle weakening from dehydration and malnutrition, as well as crops growing poorly. Currently in Ethiopia, 9.7 million suffer from food insecurity as of September 2016 (UNOCHA, 2016). This is likely to impact the state of Ethiopia?s food security