Meningitis: Indigenous People of Australia.
Meningitis is an infectious disease that can be found within the indigenous Australian community. Incidence and prevalence, when regarding an infectious agent or disease, utilizes measurements to determine new cases and existing cases of a disease process or infectious condition. Mathematical equations are utilized in order to determine and compare the survival or recovery, and duration of diseases ( Stanhope & Lancaster, 2011).The incidence and prevalence of meningitis in the indigenous Australian people, is higher in the rural areas then in the larger regions of Australia due to lack of access to vaccinations, and compliance with treatment. As noted via the meningococcal Australia INC agency, As much as 8.9 in 100,000 people are diagnosed each year with a form of meningitis. A total of 500 cases annually is reported in Australia ("meningococcal disease & meningitis," 2014).
The epidemiology triad involves an infectious agent, post, and environment. Agents can be classified as bacteria, viruses or chemical agents, while the host is either the person, i.e. an adult male, or lifestyle factors such as smoking exercise or lack of proper diet and nutrition. Environment is the climate and population or the condition, like stress, in which the host lives (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2011). The agent, in the case of meningitis, can be viral or bacterial. However when we consider the dry environment of decreased rainfall in Australia. The specific type of meningitis, Neisseria Meningitidis, is noteworthy (Jacobson, 2008). The host, the indigenous population of Australia, is susceptible to disease given their non-traditional health practices, web access to healthcare, and potential issues with compliance ("Australia Indigenous healthinfonet," 2013).
Immunizations for infectious Disease Control: Meningitis
The significance of immunizations for meningitis and infectious disease control include the ability to eliminate or decrease the chance of contracting meningitis. Currently vaccinations in Australia are recommended for infants, children and adults against meningococcal C. Antibiotics are also available for bacterial meningitis, which is more rare than viral, but can cause ongoing issues and complications for the patient. In the indigenous population, lack of access to antibiotics and vaccinations can be an issue as well as compliance with vaccination schedule ("meningococcal disease & meningitis," 2014). Barriers to global administration access in the contemporary society are related to access to practitioners as well as compliance from the indigenous population. Documentation and record keeping on this population is also a valid concern. The Australian childhood immunization register is an agency that promotes and regulates vaccination in children in Australia. In order to improve the immunization with regards to the...