Mental Disorders: Bipolar Mood Disorder Essay

883 words - 4 pages

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Bipolar Mood Disorder

Table of Contents
Introduction 3
Questions asked during interview conductions 4
Defining bipolar mood disorder 4
Identifying persons with bipolar mood disorder 5
Treatment for bipolar mood disorder 5
Conclusion 6
References 7

Introduction
Bipolar mood disorder is a mental disorder that affects a lot of people globally. In South Africa, a lot of people from different cultural backgrounds may have different perspectives on the mood disorder. According to Michalak et al. (2008) “bipolar mood disorder is a chronic psychiatric condition that is characterised by periodic episodes of depression illnesses and elevated moods”. In this research assignment, a number of individuals with no connection to the health profession were interviewed in order to get their perspectives on bipolar mood disorder. With the information gathered from the interviews, a comparison between the information gathered and the information gathered from academic textbooks will occur so that the individuals’ understanding of the mood disorder is determined.

Questions asked during interview conductions
How would one define Bipolar Mood Disorder?
How would you be able to identify an individual with Bipolar Mood Disorder?
How do you think Bipolar Mood Disorder is treated, clinically or psychiatric?
Defining bipolar mood disorder
Some of the interviewed individuals defined bipolar mood disorder as a condition whereby an individual does not have control over their emotions, whereas others described it as a mood and mental disorder. However, some individuals believe that it is insanity, while others describe it as a condition that is caused by witchcraft or the ancestors.
Individuals who described it as a mood or emotional disorder are those who are well informed, while those who described it as the cause of witchcraft and the ancestors are people who are from an older generation and mostly from an African primitive background.
The responses obtained from the interviews indicate that most people do not have concrete knowledge on what bipolar mood disorder is. They gather information from what they hear and see from their surroundings and use their worldview to filter the information so that it makes some sort of sense to them. However, some individuals’ definition of the mood disorder were almost similar to that found in academic texts. For instance, according to Carolan and Power (2011, p. 366), bipolar mood disorder is mainly “characterised by dramatic mood swings, where the individual experiences shifts between episodes of depression and manic moods”.

Identifying persons with bipolar mood disorder
According to the general knowledge gathered from the individuals interviewed, individuals diagnosed with bi-polar mental disorder are seemingly unstable and preoccupied with things outside their surroundings. Individuals with bi-polar mood disorder are described as very unpredictable as their emotions are not...

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