Mental Health Paper
At some point, everyone has a problem with their own flaws when they look in the mirror. We wish we can change how we look, but wishing is as far as it goes. People with body dysmorphic disorder are unable to help themselves. Their image and flaws become an obsession that interrupts their daily lives. Signs and symptoms, treatments, nursing diagnosis, and interventions are very important to recognize and apply to people with this disorder.
Body dysmorphic disorder is a mental disorder that makes a person think and feel like their flaws are completely out of control. Katharine Phillips, from the World Psychiatry Journal, stated, “Patients with BDD believe they look ugly or deformed (thinking, for example, that they have a large and 'repulsive' nose, or severely scarred skin), when in reality they look normal” (Phillips, 2004). Signs and symptoms are very hard to see. Some people may have an obsession with looking in the mirror constantly, while others avoid a mirror all together. The symptoms change for each person. The symptoms stem from what part of the body the person has an issue with. For example, some people with BDD may believe their muscles are never good enough. They will spend hours upon hours in the gym lifting weights to help achieve their desired muscle tone. During this time, others looking at this person believe they are in great shape. People with BDD may also suffer in their personal and professional relationships. Their need to perfect whatever is wrong with them becomes an obsession. They are unable to focus on the more important things of life. A lot of these people spend many times in a doctor’s office. They will start with one, then go on to a specialist, and may even see a plastic surgeon multiple times a year. They believe that perfecting their deformity or imperfection will help them. Even after surgeries, these people still see something wrong. Unfortunately, it is a battle that can never be won.
Treatments of BDD vary from person to person. Doctors believe BDD stems from neurotransmitters in the brain. It may also come from a traumatic event in the person’s life, or the fact that their parents were hard on them regarding their appearance. Psychotherapy is a huge treatment. Professionals want to focus on what the person sees wrong, and ways to correct that inaccurate image of themselves. They focus on both behavioral and thinking of the person. SSRI’s are also used in helping people with BDD. They are antidepressants. This helps the person not thing so low of themselves. Group or family therapy may also be used. This is a way for others to interact with people that have the same disorder. They may lean on each other for help, and it also helps the person know that they are not the only person that has this problem. Family therapy may work by cleaning out any bad issues that a family might have that may have brought the BDD upon a person.
There are many different nursing diagnoses that a person...