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Mephisto Roman Einer Karriere Essay

5470 words - 22 pages

Klaus Mann: "žMephisto "“ Roman einer Karriere" 1. Entstehungsgeschichte 1.1 Der Autor Klaus Heinrich Thomas Mann wurde am 18. November 1906 als ältester Sohn von Thomas und Katja Mann geboren. Seine Geschwister waren Erika, Golo, Monika, Elisabeth und Michael, die alle später literarisch tätig wurden. Um den Werdegang Klaus Manns besser verstehen zu können ist es wichtig sich deutlich zu machen, dass sowohl sein Vater als auch sein Onkel bedeutende und erfolgreiche Schriftsteller ihrer Zeit waren. Dies sollte noch einen großen Einfluss auf sein späteres Leben haben. Zuerst verlebte Klaus Mann allerdings eine recht glückliche Kindheit, die von vielfachen Orts - und vor allem Schulwechseln geprägt war. Sein Potential wurde allerdings bereits früh erkannt: So äußerte sich 1922 Paul Geheeb, Leiter des Internats Schloß Salem in einen Brief an Katja Mann: "žBei ihrem Sohn handelt es sich um einen ungewöhnlich begabten und fein veranlagten Jungen, von dem aber keineswegs sicher steht, wohin seine Begabung ihn führen wird." Nach dem 1. Weltkrieg war Klaus Mann kurze Zeit als Journalist tätig, gab diese Stellung jedoch bald auf und schrieb das Bühnenwerk "žAnja und Esther". Es wurde 1925 uraufgeführt und zwar in der Besetzung Klaus Mann; Pamela Wedekind, Tochter von Frank Wedekind und seine Verlobte; seine Schwester Erika Mann und deren Mann Gustaf Gründgens. Die Heirat seiner Schwester Erika mit Gustaf Gründgens war für Klaus Mann der Beginn einer langjährigen Freundschaft zu ihm, die bis zu Scheidung Gustaf Gründgens und Erika Manns hielt. Als die Nationalsozialisten 1933 an die Macht kamen war Klaus Mann einer der ersten deutschen Schriftsteller, die emigrierten. Sein Weg führte ihn zunächst nach Paris, dann durch andere europäische Großstädte. Die meiste Zeit allerdings verbrachte er in Amsterdam, wo er die Exil "“ Zeitschrift "žDie Sammlung" herausbrachte. Außerdem blieb er die ganze Zeit über schriftstellerisch tätig. So entstand zum Beispiel 1936 sein wohl bekanntestes und bestes Werk: "žMephisto "“ Roman einer Karriere". Im September 1938 übersiedelte Klaus Mann dann in die USA und gab erneut eine Exil "“ Zeitschrift heraus, die er "žDecision" nannte, heraus. 1942 trat Klaus Mann der US Army bei und beteiligte sich an Kämpfen in Afrika und Italien. 1945 wurde er im Auftrag einer Armeezeitung nach Deutschland und Österreich zurückgeschickt und blieb nach Kriegsende dort, um beim Wiederaufbau zu helfen. Allerdings...

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