This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Mesopotamia: The First Civilization. Essay

525 words - 2 pages

Around 3,000 B.C., the Sumerians began to colonize the fertile valleys between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. This area was called Mesopotamia, which in Greek means, "land between the rivers." Through their developments of writing, architecture, economy, government, religion, agriculture, and technology, the Sumerians created what we know today as civilized life.The greatest achievement of the Sumerians was the invention of cuneiform style writing. They would engrave their picture words using reeds as a writing instrument on wet clay, which would then dry into stone-hard tablets. Eventually, they converted their picture words to a short-hand consisting of wedged lines created by bending the reed against the wet clay and moving the end closest to the hand back and forth once. We still use a short-hand form of writing today.The Sumerians architectural achievements were most impressive. They were masters of construction using bricks made of mud. They developed vast extensive buildings, elaborate brick house, palaces, and temples. The Sumerians developed the arch and the column. These accomplishments greatly influenced our civilization.Mesopotamia was divided into independent city-states. The cities were centers of trade. Their economy relied heavily on foreign and domestic trade. Trade and commerce developed in Mesopotamia, because the farmers grew more food than they could eat. They used the surplus to trade for goods and services. Many aspects of our modern enterprise economy have their roots in the early civilizations of Mesopotamia.The Sumerians seem to have developed one of the worlds first systems of monarchy. Because their government was based on religion, a priest-king administered the laws,...

Find Another Essay On Mesopotamia: The First Civilization.

Culture in the Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization was the first civilization to develop in South Asia. This civilization developed around 2500 BC,

1953 words - 8 pages Untitled Culture in the Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization was the first civilization to develop in South Asia. This civilization developed around 2500 BC, similar to when the civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China were first established. Unlike the other civilizations the Indus Valley Civilization declined and disappeared around 1500 BC. The Indus Valley was located on the subcontinent of Asia or modern

ancient civilization Essay

1530 words - 7 pages Throughout history there have been many civilizations. These civilizations develop; political, social, agricultural, and religious systems. The ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamia civilizations are a couple of the oldest known civilizations in history. The Mesopotamia civilization is believed to have been started around 3000 BCE(Lecture, Mesopotamia, Towns and Cities). The ancient Egyptian civilization is believed to have started around 2680 BCE

Comparison essay on Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, one page max

554 words - 2 pages Mesopotamia and Ancient EgyptThe first, true civilizations in ancient times both formed near prominent rivers. These first civilizations developed in the Middle East, Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates and Egypt by the Nile River. Egypt and Mesopotamia are examples of some early river-valley civilizations that relied heavily on its geographies and the surrounding environment. Mesopotamian civilization featured a distinctive culture and

Difference Between Water In Egypt And Mesopotamia

689 words - 3 pages surrounded by water, most notably the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which is how it adopted its name "the land between the rivers". Luckily it was also located on the site of some of the world's first permanent farming villages. The land and climate within these regions was not the best area for the development of a working civilization, as the South was primarily flat flood plain. Flooding was the Mesopotamia peoples' main problem

Importance Of Water For Ancient Egypt Vs. Mesopotamia

701 words - 3 pages World History Assignment #2 Water was more important to the development of a working civilization in Ancient Egypt than Mesopotamia for the following reasons: irrigation, drinking, resources and trade. Although these factors were used by both Egypt and Mesopotamia, the latter had a better understanding and control over water than Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia (3500 B.C.E. - 530 B.C.E.) was located in northeast Syria, which is now know

egypt and mesopotamia

625 words - 3 pages Two of the earliest and greatest civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt, show the transition from a Paleolithic society into a settled civilization. Both cultures had established kings; however, the Pharaoh is the god-king of Egypt, while in Mesopotamia the monarchs are priest-kings whom serve the gods. Although Mesopotamia and Egypt have some characteristics in common, which bring them under the “First Civilizations” category, their

Ancient Egypt vs. Ancient Mesopotamia

568 words - 2 pages Thousands of years ago, there were two ancient civilizations, Egypt and Mesopotamia. Both were quite remarkable in technology and language, but each civilization had different advances. These two ancient cultures were also located close to each other, but their geographies were a bit different resulting in varied farming methods. The last thing that Egypt and Mesopotamia both had was religion, though each of their religious practices was unique

Mesopotamia Urbanization

1384 words - 6 pages , the Tigris and Euphrates rivers contributed to the development of the earliest civilizations beliefs systems and values. Mesopotamia was located in the middle of the desert and is known today as Southern Iraq. The Sumerians were the first civilization that developed in that particular area in the Middle East. Other civilizations soon joined the region including, the Hurrians, Hebrews and Akkadians. Mesopotamia was an extremely dry region

What are the first few civilizations? If so, why is

545 words - 2 pages . Mesopotamia, a river-valley civilization, is considered to be a civilization because of its characteristics. Mesopotamia has villages and cities. From common sense, what's a civilization without advanced and organized settlements like villages and cities? By having such unions, they can protect each other, share tools and help each other at key times in the agricultural cycle. On the contrary, barbarians (in other words, uncivilized people) are not that

The Historical Geography of Mesopotamia

2224 words - 9 pages of Mesopotamian civilization, each century gave birth to the next. Thus, classical Sumerian civilization influenced that of the Akkadians, and the Ur III empire, which in itself represented a Sumero-Akkadian mixture, influenced the whole first quarter of the 2ndcentury BC. Later with the Hittites, large areas of Anatolia were infused with the culture of Mesopotamia from 1700 BC onward. Contacts, via Mari, with Ebla in Syria, go back to the 24th

Seeds of Trees

1164 words - 5 pages explain some of the basic requirements that they had to meet to survive as a civilization. Nevertheless, each one of them developed differently. Mesopotamia was the first civilization in the world; they created the oldest piece of literature, Gilgamesh, and also the first code of laws under the reign of Hammurabi. The Mesopotamians are responsible for the conception of the number “zero” and advances in algebra and geometry. Mesopotamia fell when

Similar Essays

The Indus Valley Civilization Was The First Civilization To Develop In South Asia. This Civilization Developed Around 2500 Bc, Similar To When The Civilizations Of Egypt, Mesopotamia, And China Were...

1732 words - 7 pages Culture in the Indus Valley CivilizationThe Indus Valley Civilization was the first civilization to develop in South Asia. This civilization developed around 2500 BC, similar to when the civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China were first established. Unlike the other civilizations the Indus Valley Civilization declined and disappeared around 1500 BC. The Indus Valley was located on the subcontinent of Asia or modern day Pakistan, great

Comparison Of Mesopotamia And The Indus Civilization

2686 words - 11 pages Mesopotamia were not inhabited at all until approximately 8000 BC when plants and animals were domesticated, bringing about an agricultural revolution. This allowed nomads and cave dwellers to become farmers and herders.(Whitehouse 1977:129).)The Indus civilization is often referred to as Harappan civilization from one of the major sights called Harappa. The Indus civilization existed in South Asia from about 2700 BC to 1750 BC.(Hawkes 1973:49). Smaller

How Did The Geographic Features Of Ancient Egypt And Mesopotamia Impact Civilization Development?

2109 words - 8 pages resources, contact with neighboring lands was important”. Even still, this area was still home to a civilization that contained “some of the world’s earliest farmers”, as Virginia Schomp, author of Ancient Mesopotamia, described them. In 5500 BC, the migration towards southern Mesopotamia by the northern farmers began. By 3500 BC, the Sumerians “laid the foundations of the first civilizations”, as Schomp also said. They had conquered the area

The First Towns: Seedbeds Of Civilization The Origins Of Civilizations

2031 words - 8 pages peoplerespectively, Jericho and Catal Huyuk would be seen today as little more thanlarge villages or small towns. But in the perspective of human culturaldevelopment they represented the first stirrings of urban life. In these andother Middle Eastern Neolithic settlements, occupational specialization andthe formation of religious and political-military elite groups advancedsignificantly. Trade became essential for the community's survival and wascarried on