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Metabolic Disorder Of The Brain Essay

793 words - 4 pages

Metabolic Disorder Of Brain
Definition:-
Metabolism is the process your body uses energy or action from the food you eat. The food consists of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Chemicals in the digestive tract to break pieces of food in your stomach acids and sugars, and fuel the body. You can use your body the fuel immediately, or it can store energy in the body tissues, such as liver, muscle and fat in the body.
Metabolic disorders present in the mother or the baby and cause neurodevelopmental disorders. Two examples are diabetes mellitus (multifactorial disorder) and phenylketonuria (a genetic error in metabolism). A large number of these genetic diseases directly affect the metabolism of a child's neurological development, but less frequent than might indirectly affect the baby during pregnancy.
Function of Brain:-
The brain is made of three main parts:
1- The forebrain: consists of the cerebrum, thalamus, and hypothalamus (part of the limbic system).
2- Midbrain: consists of the tectum and tegmentum.
3- Hindbrain: made of the cerebellum, pons and medulla.

A) The Cerebrum:-
1- The Frontal Lobe: responsible for treatment with people, our behaviors, motor activity and our emotions
2- The Temporal Lobe: responsible for how people hear, how people remember things, how objects can be classified and speech.
3-Parietal Lobe: responsible for movement and recognition.
4- Occipital Lobe:- responsible for vision and seeing , so any problem for this lobe lead to blindness .
B) The Cerebellum: - responsible for regulation of movement and give the body balance.
C) Limbic system: - It contains the following:-
1- Amygdala.
2- Hypothalamus.
3- Thalamus.

Disorders in brain:-
Symptoms of metabolic disorders in brain appear from motor destruction and mental functions such as function loss, seizures and early death, also these disorders may affect other organs. As degenerative nerve diseases: affects the body activity as balance , movement, speaking, breathing , function of the heart. They may be genetically or from medical diseases as tumor or excess alcohol drinking or from viral , toxins infection.
Brain disorders may be caused as a result of damage of brain by injury, condition of health and diseases because the brain is the control centre of the body. Brain disorders are different health problem which cause mysterious of diseases and also diseases of underlying ignorance which mechanism is big obstacle to better treatment the autism and dyslexia as development of disorders...

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