This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Metis People And The Fur Trade In The North(Northern Canada)

3040 words - 12 pages

Metis People and the Fur TradeEuropean Fur Trade:Three factors led to the development of large-scale fur trading within the Metis communities of the North. The first was the bountiful supply of furs in North America. The Canadian Shield and the Mackenzie Delta were the greatest fur areas in the world as its environment was an ideal habitat for many fur-bearing animals. Cold winters meant that the animals had a thick rich coat through most of the year.The second factor was the growing demand for furs in Europe. Initially, furs were wanted for the manufacture of garments, either as a basic material or as trim. The felt hat, however, eventually became the focus of the fur demand. For these hats, only the soft, downy under hair or wool of the fur was used. This wool was first separated from the skin and the long; smooth guard hairs (Fur Trapping, Jaws on Paws. Coalition to abolish the fur trade.). It was then used as a raw material for making felt hats. Fur used in this way was called staple fur. Only certain furs were suitable for use as staple fur: rabbit, muskrat, and above all beaver. On these animals, the wool fibers have microscopic barbs, which interlock with one another when the wool is made into felt. This results in a very strong, wear-resistant product. Because the beaver fur was generally used on the surface of the hat, the hats became known as "beaver hats". The beaver hat industry was of central importance to the fur trade. By the 1700's, staple fur accounted for 60% of English fur import. The beaver became the emblem of the Hudson's Bay Company and its standard value for trade. Other furs and trade goods were evaluated in terms of the beaver (HBC Archives).The third factor which contributed to the success of the fur trade was the existence of a well-established trading and fur gathering system. Since the early days of European contact in the north, the Metis inhabitants of the north had been willing to trade furs for European goods, economic reasons or just to provide for themselves or their families. As well, trade between tribes was well established within Dene culture. Archaeologists have found evidence of wide spread trading throughout the North in locations such as old Fort Rae on the north arm of Great Slave Lake and old Fort Providence. This trade was greatly affected by the influx of European trade goods. European guns, metal tools, reached the Dene well before the Europeans themselves did. Metis eventually functioned as middlemen, giving European goods in exchange for furs, which they then traded with the Europeans (Abel, Kerry, Drum Songs. McGill Queens Press 1993). In this process, the middlemen earned a profit for themselves and contributed to the wide-ranging trade relationship in North America. When French and English traders expanded into the north, they were surprised to find these clearly established trade systems. These traders soon took natives wives thus increasing the growing Metis population in the North.Impact...

Find Another Essay On Metis people and the fur trade in the north(Northern Canada)

Does the Use of Fur in Fashion Need to Stop, or Does the Fur Trade Serve a Need?

1156 words - 5 pages Rafael Almonte John Bandman May 18, 2014 Does the use of fur in fashion need to stop, or does the fur trade serve a need? Fur is the oldest form of clothing and it has been worn by humans for varies of reasons through out history; its natural appearance, texture, fashion, color and snow does not melt during outdoor activities. So is the usage of fur need to stop? The answer is yes, its unethical and it is cruelty to animals and there is just

Natives during the Fur-trade, what influences the Natives had towards the fur trade

1016 words - 4 pages -1700. Canada: University of Toronto, 1969. Eccles, W.J. France in America. New York: Harper & Row, 1972. Francis, Daniel and Morantz Toby. Partners in Furs: A history of the Fur trade in Eastern James Bay 1600-1870. Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press,1983. Jaenen, Cornelius J. The Relationship with the Native people of New France and Acadia. Ottawa: Douglas C. Frith, 1984. Rich, E.E. The Fur Trade and the Northwest to 1857

How the fur trade was a significant part of Canadian history, and the role of the native females during the fur-trade

1294 words - 5 pages The fur trade was a significant part of Canadian history. With the founding of the Hudson's Bay and Northwest Company during the1670's, the fur trade managed growth and development all the way into Western Canada until 1870. The fur trade was unique, for it was the only industry that was based on an exchange of goods between two very different groups of people (namely, the Indians and the Europeans). Although most people think of the fur trade

James Stanghetta Loius Riel and the Metis Struggle

2024 words - 8 pages Canada was built under the ideals of expansion. The territory that came to be known as Canada stretches from the Atlantic to the Pacific. What was the cost of this expansion? For most native people in these areas it meant the extermination of a way of life and culture, in the name of Canada. For the metis people of Manitoba this expansion had many implications. Not only was the metis land threatened but also their culture was in grave danger of

European Union and the North American Free Trade

3022 words - 12 pages Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an agreement, which came in action in 1994. This however happened after it was signed ministries of Canada, U.S and Mexico. The agreement aimed at eliminating trade tariffs among these countries in order to expose up their borders for free trade. By doing this, it aims to strengthen the economic growth and standards of people residing in these countries. By establishing such a framework, NAFTA has created an environment

Comparing the Inuits and the North-West People

1927 words - 8 pages generation so all of the Inuits knew how to carve beautiful stone and ivory models. They also hosted very small parties once in a while so that they could chat with each other and gather new news which could be helpful. The North-West people hosted very large parties which were known as Potlatches. These parties lasted many days and sometimes even weeks. These gatherings were a good time to set up trade links between one another and celebrate the

Economy, Finance, Industry and Trade in Northern Ireland

966 words - 4 pages Northern Economy, Finance, Industry and Trade*Ireland is currently enjoying a period of economic growth, with output and employment rising and unemployment falling.*Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is defined as the sum of all incomes earned from productive activity. GDP per head is taken to be a good indication of a region's relative prosperity and since 1989, GDP per head in Northern Ireland increased almost by 58%. This compares with a 49.9

The North American Free Trade Agreement

3714 words - 15 pages The North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA's proponents promised benefits for the U.S., Canada and Mexico. Benefits such as new U.S. jobs, higher wages in Mexico, a growing U.S. trade surplus with Mexico, environmental clean-up and improved health along the border—all have failed to take form. It is commonly believed that free trade between nations is a mutually beneficial arrangement for all parties involved; indeed

Legacy of the residential school system in Kiss of the Fur Queen and Creative Escape

2184 words - 9 pages Residential schools all across Canada have left its students with the difficult task of regaining a normal life after various abuses. This legacy of residential school system is still affecting people today. In the books Kiss of the Fur Queen by Tomson Highway and Creative Escape 2013 by various inmates, tell stories of attending a residential school and then dealing with the legacy of the residential school system by finding different ways to

An essay on the inuit of northern canada

2317 words - 9 pages on both sides. After the first contact it was not long before the Europeans realized the economic potential of the land and people they had just discovered. By early 1900 the once non-existent Inuit economy had been given a breath of life and trade with Europe had begun. Below you shall see clear examples of the pros and cons of European contact.* Pro; The Inuit traded whale oil, fur and skin for iron tools and weapons that made life in

The Canada-United States Free Trade agreements

1215 words - 5 pages position as a prime location for investors to reach all of North American.4) CompetitionUnder these agreements, Canada has more opportunities to develop and demonstrate their economic expertise, technical knowledge and leadership.5) Economic GrowthFree trade stimulates economic growth, increases employment and boosts overall incomes in Canada.6) DemocratizationBecause the agreement promotes discipline and transparency, pressing social problems (such

Similar Essays

The Fur Trade Started At The St. Laurence River Area And Spread To Western Canada

818 words - 4 pages start fighting and stealing from each other on their way to meet with the Europeans. The fighting between the First Nations and the Europeans as the trade was expanding made the fur trade slow down to the point that they thought it might all come to a stop. Luckily two French men came to Canada just in time to save the day and save the fur trade. As more Europeans came over to Canada to start their new lives in a new country they brought with

The Effects On The Native Peoples From The Introduction Of The Commertial Fur Trade Into Canada

636 words - 3 pages into the area now known as Canada, sounded the death knell for the native peoples culture."During the early years of European settlement of Canada, there was little interaction between the natives and the European settlers. The native peoples managed to maintain, for the most part, the same culture as they had enjoyed prior to colonization. However, this harmonious situation was doomed to disintegrate following the beginning of the fur trade in the

The Results Of The Introduction Of The Commertial Fur Trade Into Canada

641 words - 3 pages into the area now known as Canada, sounded the death knell for the native peoples culture."During the early years of European settlement of Canada, there was little interaction between the natives and the European settlers. The native peoples managed to maintain, for the most part, the same culture as they had enjoyed prior to colonization. However, this harmonious situation was doomed to disintegrate following the beginning of the fur trade in the

Significance Of North American Free Trade Agreement For Canada Chc2 D0 E Paper

1540 words - 7 pages of NAFTA and Canada’s labor productivity growth in the business sector upgraded which helped to boost the economy. [3: Fred McMahin, 2017,] Thirdly, the North American Free Trade Agreement is an incomparable deal for Canada because the elimination of tariffs has decreased the price of consumer goods throughout the country. NAFTA’s major goal