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Metodos Y Enfoques Essay

8917 words - 36 pages

Principio del formularioENFOQUES METODOLÓGICOS-módulo 1ObjetivoMarianne Celce-Murcia (1980) argumenta que necesitamos una perspectiva histórica para evaluar las innovaciones con eficacia. Enseñanza de lenguas extranjeras experimentado muchos cambios en el siglo 20 y desde el cambio de milenio se ha visto atrapado en los complejos desarrollos tecnológicos y culturales provocados por la globalización. Tal vez, más que nunca, es importante tener una perspectiva clara sobre el desarrollo y la interrelación de los diferentes métodos de enseñanza de idiomas. Esta perspectiva es muy necesaria para la evaluación de las muchas llamadas innovaciones y nuevos métodos que se describen en revistas, conferencias y talleres. El objetivo de esta asignatura es que se familiarice con los movimientos principales que han determinado muchas de las características de los métodos de enseñanza más importantes. La información que figura en los diferentes capítulos le permitirá volver a examinar la idoneidad de ciertas técnicas en su propio contexto y tener en cuenta las diferentes ideas propugnadas en la filosofía educativa y la teoría pedagógica: estos fueron desarrollados con el fin de satisfacer tanto las exigencias o requisitos específicos del ejercicio en que floreció, y el contexto específico de las personas que los adoptaron. Una imagen preliminar útil que ofrecer es el de la enseñanza como un drama complejo en un escenario. Si cada una de las muchas características de la enseñanza está representado por un personaje, habrá muchos personajes en el escenario, pero se le puede dar diferentes nombres, no todos tienen partes claves, y algunos pueden no hablar en absoluto. Diferentes autores dramáticos escribiría diversos juegos con los mismos personajes. Lo mismo podría decirse de la enseñanza del idioma Inglés. Es posible que las características comunes de la enseñanza en todos los momentos de la historia, pero cada período decide sobre diferentes papeles principales, y diferentes nombres para los personajes. Los personajes hablan de maneras diferentes en momentos diferentes, aunque todos ellos pueden estar hablando (en nuestro caso) la enseñanza. En este tema vamos a estar explorando varios enfoques o estilos de enseñanza, no tratando de ser definitivo, ni a declarar que sabemos que las "mejores" formas de enseñanza de Inglés.- El Método de Gramática-Traducción - El Método Directo - El Enfoque de Lectura - Audiolingüismo (EE.UU.) - El enfoque situacional (Brit.) - El enfoque cognitivo - Respuesta Física Total - Comunidad el aprendizaje de idiomas - El Silent Way - Sugestología o Suggestopedia - El Enfoque Natural -...

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