Mexican American War Essay

1408 words - 6 pages

Mexico in nineteenth-century faced many internal struggles that formed chaos in the new nation this greatly influenced the outcome of the Mexican-American War. After the colonization law of 1824, Mexico City had paid little attention to its northern provinces, finding plenty of issues much closer to central Mexico to stir their political passions and command their full attention. A series of events in Texas, however, soon converted the state into nothing less than a national obsession, and that obsession goes far toward explaining the course and failure of the Mexican-American War.
Mexico from the outset of settling Texas had fears regarding the intentions of the Anglo-Americans toward Texas. Their fears were confirmed at the of 1826 when a empresario named Haden Edwards had launched a rebellion aimed at detaching Texas from the Mexican Republic. Edwards, in alliance with Cherokee Indians who at least momentarily shared Edwards resentment of Mexican authorities, planned to call the new nation the Republic of the Red and White People or, alternatively, the Republic of Fredonia. The rebellion was soon put down when a detachment of Mexican soldiers arrived from San Antonio, supported by another contingent from Stephen F. Austin’s colony. Short-lived though it was, the Fredonian Revolt marked the beginnings of the problems with Texas.
This revolt led to the appropriation of funds in 1827 for a Boundary Commission to be sent to assess the problems in Texas. Chosen to lead this expedition was General Manuel de Mier y Teran. The Boundary Commission left Mexico City on November 10, 1827. They were to evaluate the number and kinds of troops needed to defend the region, and recommend measures that ensured Mexico’s continued possession of Texas. During the Boundary Commission’s brief existence, Mexico had three distinct governments. The commission was established by the republican government of Guadalupe Victoria; it was carried out by the liberal regime of Vicente Guerrero; and it submitted its findings to a third government, the highly conservative and centralist regime of Anastasio Bustamante. Vicente Guerrero, who assumed office in early 1829, was a man of mixed race and a hero to the poor. He was regarded by many Mexicans as illegitimate due to his ethnicity and because he had seized power after losing the presidential election. Guerrero’s administration had very radical implications: his government promulgated a law expelling Spaniards from the country; he also reformed the tax system, shifting heaviest burden on foreigners, and the rich. This infuriated conservatives and instigated staunch protest. His regime also experienced the Spanish government attempt to reconquest Mexico. The Spanish forces came ashore on a beach near the port of Tampico in late July 1829. The Mexicans prevailed thanks to the leadership of Generals Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and Manuel de Mier y Teran. President Guerrero who’s political career was under much scrutiny...

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