Mexican American War Essay

606 words - 3 pages

Source number one was a letter from Captain William J. Hardee in Matamoras, Mexico, April 26, 1846, to Brigadier-General Zachary Taylor, at camp opposite Matamoros. In this letter Hardee talks about an incident that happened during a march led by Captain Thornton during dusk on April 24th. Thornton had an army of 52 men that marched 15 miles toads the Rio Grande. Captain Thornton wasn’t sure if the enemy had crossed the river, and continued to move. About three miles further the army came across a large plantation bordering the river, there was some houses in the area that Captain Thornton decided to endeavor, and then they went to a plantation nearby and didn’t take any precautions to prevent a surprise while they entered.
Captain Thornton believed that the Mexican didn’t cross the river, and if they had, that they would not fight. While Captain Thornton was distracted talking the enemy was seen coming with a larger amount of men. The small American army tried to escape, but the Mexican army surrounded them and started to attack and shooting at us in every direction. Captain Thornton and a large part of the men followed him in one direction and Captain Hardee went with a few men a different direction but they were surrounded, Captain Hardee did not want his men to die so he told his men to surrender and was taken as prisoners of war. He then was taken to General Torrejon, Captain Hardee found out that 45 men wore captured, four were wounded and Captain Thornton and around 10 men were killed. Captain Hardee talks about how he and Lieutenant Kane were living with General Ampudia and were very well treated. General Ampudia gave rations to his men and money, he supplied everything they wanted. U.S. President James K. Polk used the incident to declare war against Mexico, starting the Mexican-American War.
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