Mexican Constitution Essay

4428 words - 18 pages

The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States (Spanish: Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is the current constitution of Mexico. It was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro, in the State of Querétaro, by a constitutional convention, during the Mexican Revolution. It was approved by the Constitutional Congress on February 5, 1917. It is the successor to the Constitution of 1857, and earlier Mexican constitutions.The current Constitution of 1917 is the first such document in the world to set out social rights, serving as a model for the Weimar Constitution of 1919 and the Russian Constitution of 1918.[1][2][3][4] Some of the most important provisions are Articles 3, 27, and 123; these display profound changes in Mexican political philosophy that helped frame the political and social backdrop for Mexico in the twentieth century. Article 3 forbids the setting up of a list of prohibited books and establishes the bases for a free, mandatory, and lay education;[5][6][7] article 27 led the foundation for land reforms;[6][7] and article 123 was designed to empower the labor sector.[6][7]Articles 3, 5, 24, 27, and 130 were anticlerical and, as originally formulated, seriously restricted religious freedoms,[8] and attempts to enforce the articles strictly by President Plutarco Calles in 1926 led to the civil war known as the Cristero War.[8]}Essential principles[edit]The constitution is founded on seven fundamental ideals:A declaration of rightsSovereignty of the nationSeparation of powersRepresentative governmentA federal systemConstitutional remedySupremacy of the state over the Church[9]Organization[edit]The Constitution is divided into "Titles" (Títulos) which are series of articles related to the same overall theme. The Titles, of variable length, are:First Title:Chapter I: Of Human Rights and their Warranties (Capítulo I: de los Derecho Humanos y sus Garantías)Chapter II: On Mexicans (Capítulo II: de los Mexicanos)Chapter III, On Foreigners (Capítulo III: de los Extranjeros)Chapter IV: On Mexican Citizens (Capítulo IV: de los Ciudadanos Mexicanos)Second Title:Chapter I: On National Sovereignty and Form of Government (Capítulo I, de la Soberanía Nacional y de la Forma de Gobierno)Chapter II: On the Parts That Make Up the Federation and the National Territory (Capítulo II, de las Partes Integrantes de la Federación y del Territorio Nacional)Third Title:Chapter I: On the Separation of Powers (Capítulo I, de la División de Poderes)Chapter II: On the Legislative Power (Capítulo II, del Poder Legislativo)Chapter III: On the Executive Power (Capítulo III, del Poder Ejecutivo)Chapter IV: On the Judicial Power (Capítulo IV, del Poder Judicial)Fourth Title:About the responsibilities of the public service and the patrimony of the State (De las responsabilidades de los...

Find Another Essay On Mexican Constitution

Changes in the Texas Constitution of 1876

650 words - 3 pages departments of the government branches. It is the sixth constitution that has fallen under Texas since independence in 1836. The constitution was thought of by the 1875 Texas constitutional convention and had many unique traits that were Texan but also some Mexican influence as well. The constitution begins with a very long bill of rights; it then goes on to declare that Texas is a free and independent state that is only subject to that of the United

The Battle of San Jacinto Essay

1658 words - 7 pages Galveston. The upcoming battle near the San Jacinto River would prove to be either a victory or a defeat for the Texans in the Revolution. In April of 1934 Santa Anna ousted Gomez Faias, and took control of the Mexican government. In a year Santa Anna had voided the earlier 1824 constitution and had replaced the Mexican Congress with his own appointed officials, who would agree with Santa Anna in all of his decisions, and he had established for

Mexican Educational System

1254 words - 5 pages Mexican Educational SystemThe Mexican Constitution, established in 1917, outlined the necessity for public education, creating a definitive forum for addressing the educational needs of the country at the beginning of the century (Althaus 1). Though the Constitution addressed the issue of education, it did not provide a directive for promoting educational systems, and Mexico has had to address the difficult problem of providing an educational

Doing Business In Mexico

2407 words - 10 pages holidays that they celebrate throughout the year. Here's a partial list of those key public holidays: January 1-Ano Nuevo--New Year's Day February 5- Dia de la Constitucion--Constitution day March 21- Benito Juarez' Birthday-Birthday of Benito Juarez, Mexico's first president. Holy Week-This week occurs from Ash Wednesday through the week after Easter Sunday. May 1-Dia del Trabajo- (Labor Day) National holiday where most Mexican businesses

Analysis of The Mexican Civil War

1867 words - 7 pages Prior to independence, the Mexican Civil War brought many Mexicans into hearding their livestock across the Rio Grande. This trip was intended to ease profit making as American troops were desperate for meats such as raw beef and crops such as corn. This plan would bring a different style of outlaw intuition (Carnes 79). As a result, by 1870 most border region cities were occupied by Mexicans and Mexican-Americans (Matthews 61

The French and Mexican Revolutions

986 words - 4 pages What is a revolution? By definition it means the overthrow of a government by those who are governed. That is exactly what the French and the Mexican revolutions were all about. The living conditions and overall treatment of the poor, pheasants, lower class, last man on the totem pole or what ever you want to call them, was a large factor in the coming of these revolutions. "Those who are governed" are exactly what the lower class people were

Texas Becoming a State

3616 words - 14 pages reform, was circulating through the politics in the Mexican Government. The current President, Santa Anna, decided to use this to his advantage and dissolved the Mexican Constitution and set up a Catholic state that was backed by military. Since Santa Anna was the head of the military, he thus held all the power and created a dictator ship. The people of Texas saw this as a major threat. The dissolving of a constitution for a dictator ship scared

Annexation Of Texas

1055 words - 4 pages stated that the Mexican Army must return to mexico, and make no delays on their march home. The final agreement was that General Santa Anna would be released in Veracruz when the Texan government deemed it proper. So the new Republic of Texas established its constitution and made relations with the United States. They held two conventions to determine boundaries between the Republic and the US and to rid Texas of any reclamations because of

Battle of the Alamo

2440 words - 10 pages taxation provided by the Spanish government; however, in 1821 Mexico declared independence from Spain. Austin was concerned that the new independent Mexican government would not recognize the previous arrangements made with his father. He would have to travel all the way to Mexico City to make his case, and in 1823 the Mexican Congress confirmed Austin’s grant. In 1824 the Mexican government ratified the country’s first Constitution

Comparing and Contrasting the Revolutions in Mexico and Russia

658 words - 3 pages Mexican Constitution which redistributed land and gave more rights to workers that were shocking. They both gained more economic freedom with the restrictions of foreign ownership of property, which was similar to the greater economic expenditures that Russia gained from their revolution. Mexico’s original leaders of the revolution, Zapata and Emiliano focused on factionalism and regional issues while Russia focused on obtaining radical elements

A Great Influence

854 words - 4 pages Once a great church and building, the Alamo was one of the bloodiest battlefields in history. The first day of its siege, the Alamo had one man that sent out a famous letter that influenced all of Texas’ people into finishing the Texan Revolution. That man was William Barrett Travis, and his letter was sent out as the Mexican army started to surround the Alamo. A great inspiration to those who received the letter, many Texans were convinced

Similar Essays

Mexicos Economy An Politics In 19th Century

859 words - 3 pages . Vicente Guerrero, became president in 1829, but was shot and killed in 1831 by forces led by conservative political and military leader Anastasio Bustamante. Revolt followed revolt until 1833, when Antonio López de Santa Anna was elected president. In 1834 a political crisis resulted in the overthrow of the constitution of 1824. A new centralist constitution, which stripped the Mexican states of their autonomy, was enacted in 1836. Protests against

Chicano Movement Essay

1263 words - 5 pages judged of by the Congress of the United States) to the enjoyment of all the rights of citizens of the United States, according to the principles of the Constitution; and in the mean time, shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty and property, and secured in the free exercise of their religion without; restriction." However many of the right that Mexican Americans deserve were denied to them because since the beginning

Reasons For And Outcomes Of The Mexican War

896 words - 4 pages twelve days but were eventually defeated. During the conflict at the Alamo, delegates from fifty-nine Texas towns signed a Declaration of Independence and drafted the constitution for the Republic of Texas. According to George Tindall and David Shi, 2010, on April 21, 1836, Sam Houston along with 800 Texans and American volunteers defeated the Mexican army and captured Santa Anna. In exchange for his freedom, Santa Anna signed a treaty recognizing

The Alamo Essay

1366 words - 5 pages the idea of the Americans taming the wild, barren land. After all, no one else wanted to even try. In 1824 Mexico adopted a constitution much like the American constitution. This Mexican constitution promised that when Texas got to the point that when there were enough people living there, it would be a separate state with its own capital and government. Later politicians and military leaders began fighting over who should run the government