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Mexican Immigrants In United States Essay

5828 words - 23 pages

Mexican Immigrants in United States

It is clear that the US is finding the constant flow of would-be
Mexican immigrants an increasing problem, as is shown by the fact that
their Border Patrol budget increased by 180% between 1993 and 1998, to
reach a total of $4.2 billion by 1999. The USA will be employing
11,000 people to guard the border by September 2002, and 17,000 by
2008. But why does America see Mexican migrants as such a problem? And
why do so many people consider it necessary to emigrate from Mexico to
the US, sometimes employing desperate measures? How has such a
situation arisen? These are questions I hope to address in this
project, in which I will use a variety of sources to try and
understand more of the causes and effects of migration between Mexico
and the USA

Reasons for Migration,(Push/Pull Factors)

It is highly unlikely that anyone would be willing to leave their home
and country to migrate somewhere else unless there were valid and
important reasons for doing so. These are called push or pull factors.
A push factor is a negative factor that encourages somebody to leave
and migrate somewhere else. A pull factor is a positive one that
encourages somebody to situate themselves in that particular place.
Mexico has many 'push' factors, whilst America attracts so many
immigrants because of its 'pull' factors; it is has excellent
opportunities, is very wealthy, has a good educational system, good
healthcare and readily-available jobs, things which Mexico cannot hope
to offer.

Push Factors

Pull factors

High crime rates

Good job opportunities

Lack of employment

Hot, sunny climate

High living costs

High living standards

Poor education

Political and social stability

Poor healthcare

Good healthcare

War, over-population or famine

Value for money

Poor climate

Relatives already situated there

Unstable political or social environment

Good education system

Good healthcare

The History of the Problem

The border between Mexico and the USA was set in 1848 with the signing
of the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty. The eastern region of the border
along the Rio Bravo (later called Rio Grande in the United States) was
more hospitable, and attracted a larger population. The Rio Grande/Rio
Bravo, a "symbol of separation" in Texas, males up more than half the
length of the border. In the decades following the Mexican-American
War (1850s), US farmers and agricultural workers came to dominate
US-Mexican trade across this Texas river border. Shortly after their
rise, these merchants became quite wealthy and bought large areas of
land in Texas and became more powerful than the Mexican settlers on
both sides of the border. This created an...

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