The Mexican Revolution was revolutionary, but not in the ways that the fomenters of the revolution were planning, rather it
On November 20th, 1910 Francisco I. Madero put forth a call to arms for the nation's population to rise up and throw off the shackles of the oppressive bourgeois that ruled with the Diaz regime for the previous 35 years. There were several clear goals that Madero had for this revolution; in the Plan de San Luis Potosi he outlined two of them primarily. These were the ideas of political change and land reform. The idea of land reform was only briefly touched on in one paragraph of the plan, political change dominated the discourse. Judging solely on the Plan de San Luis Potosi the revolution was a mild success initially, however by the 1940's a stable government had been established and much more success was garnered by the whole of the Revolutionary cause. Madero did not attain a true revolution; however by 1940 the Revolution had achieved large measures of success in comparison to Mexico of 1910.
To accurately gauge the success of the Revolution one needs to understand success within an ideological framework. There also exist different definitions of success based upon what stream of the revolution one followed. Within the revolutionary framework there were several differing groups. The primary fomenter of the revolution was Madero. He served to bring the idea of political change to the forefront of the masses' collective consciousness. The political agitations of Madero were of the liberal tradition, much like those espoused by the earlier Benito Juárez. He focused on traditional liberal ideas, such as effective suffrage and general political reform. However he co-opted other groups to the revolutionary cause, while liberal in a general sense, they had much more aggressive goals in mind regarding land reform. The two other primary groups, co-opted by Madero, were led by Emiliano Zapata, and Pancho Villa; who commanded the forces to the south and the north, respectively, of central Mexico.
With the downfall of Diaz and the installation of Madero, there were complaints early on of his handling of Mexico's affairs. (Henderson 341) The nature of the social system which initially emerged in the post-revolutionary period was not the liberal democracy that all the revolutionaries had in mind. It saw the same people who had been rich and powerful under the regime of Diaz continue to be rich after the Revolution. Additionally, since Madero had co-opted other groups in his bid to overthrow Diaz there were competing ideologies within the revolutionary camp.
Within a very short time Zapata had issued the Plan de Ayula. The Plan de Ayula demanded the removal of Madero and his cohorts, while continuing the revolution with aggressive land reform at its core, including the nationalization of property for those that opposed the...