Mexico, History, Political Structure, Biography Included

1568 words - 6 pages

In this report I will be discussing the United Mexican States. I researched Mexico a great deal; this will show as you read the history section as it is comprehensive and ties in to today's current Mexican Political structure. I identify and discuss the key institutions to Mexico that will lead to understanding of Mexican politics. In the next session I explain demographics in the country of Mexico and go on to their interests. You can not understand today's political structure without knowing yesterdays as I hope you understand the extreme struggle Mexico went through to achieve it current form.GEOGRAPHYThe United Mexican States, Middle America, or Mexico borders the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico between Belize and the US and the North Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and the US. Mexico is shaped liked a cornucopia. Mexico is 1,972,550 square kilometers which is slightly less than three times of the size of Texas. The terrain varies from rugged mountains, low coastal plains, high plateaus, and desert.HISTORY/POLITICALMexico has been inhabited for over 20,000 years. It would be very easy to fill this whole paper with strictly Mexican political and cultural history as it is fascinating but that is not the objective. The past must be considered though to comprehend the present so I will present a brief overview of Mexican political and cultural history. The first inhabitants of Mexico were Siberians that crossed the Bering Straits in search of food during the last ice age, from Alaska they went south into Canada and the US and eventually reached Mexico. The Aztecs are an influential culture to modern Mexico, according to legend, the Aztecs came from the seven caves called Chicomozoc in the northern Mexico. The Aztecs claimed to have migrated from Aztlan, where they first had their vision of an eagle, perched on a cactus and devouring a serpent the eagle representing the sky and the sun, the snake symbolizes earth, and the cactus the sustenance of a wandering desert people, today's national emblem of Mexico. Early 16th century the Spanish conquered Mexico naming it New Spain. The Spanish would occupy the country for three centuries. By the 19th century discontent of the crown was rising to a breaking point. The French Revolution together with the independence of the British colonies in North America encouraged the neglected people of New Spain to think of independence for themselves. On September 16th, 1810 from his pulpit a rural priest named Padre Hidalgo started the movement for independence from Spain, 11 years later his goal would be realized. In 1821 Colonel Agustin de Iturside who was sent by Spain to crush the rebellion defected and struck a deal with Vicente Guerrero, the two then announced plans that included Roman Catholicism as the only recognized religion, equality for all Mexican citizens, and a constitutional monarch. The plan was ratified when the newly arrived viceroy, Juan O' Donoju signed the treaty Cordobn which converted...

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