This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Middle Eastern History Essay

1189 words - 5 pages

1)     Statecraft and the unity of state and religion
The fact that three quarters of the Koran is focused on civil procedure makes us appreciate how important establishing the state was to Muhammad. He embedded in these procedures in the Koran because he wanted no separation between religion and state. For good reason, having no split between these two facets leaves no gray area of rule that conforms to one system and not the other. He did not want the loyalties of his people to clash between their faith and their government. This achievement originated through the Koran’s integration of scriptures and civil guidelines.

2)      Absence of Clergy
The absence of clergy within the Islamic faith is attributed to three causes.
§     In the early days of Islam, Muhammad would preach in the holy city of Mecca. During this time, Mecca was filled with Christians, Jews, and Pagans. The Christian and Jewish clergymen would mock Muhammad day and night; they discouraged and embarrassed him with hopes to break his will. Its safe to assume that from the start, Muhammad has a negative feel towards clergyman.
§     Islamic faith is the much more self-serving than any of the other major religions. You convert yourself, marry yourself, & pray yourself. Muhammad did not feel it was essential or even necessary to institute a higher authority in the place of worship.
§     Before Muhammad become The Prophet, he was very established, and greatly successful as a businessman. And his business intellect led him to the conclusion that it would be a waste of funds to setup a higher authority in the mosques. After all if he were to succeed at spreading Islamic influence into the Persian and Arabian Empires, he would need all the funds he could get.

      3) Law Issues
a.     Legal procedures
The Islamic judicial system has somewhat a resemblance to the American judicial system. The greatest similarity is the practice that a person is innocent until proven guilty. Another likeness is the practice of Habeas Corpus. This provides that no person shall be held against his or her will without being formally charged with a crime. However, a major difference in regards to legal procedure between our two cultures is the absence of lawyers. In Islamic legal proceedings, an alleged criminal is not granted the use of an attorney. If a Writ of Amicus Curen is established, the defendant deems themselves unable to comprehend the accusations brought upon them, and unable to adequately defend themselves. In this case a third party can be brought in to take the case.
Certain charges require eyewitness accounts to convict on. For example, if a man was on trial for adultery, it would take a testimony of four men or eight women to prove guilt. A women eyewitness counts half of that as a man eyewitness. This...

Find Another Essay On Middle Eastern History

Egyptian Society: Traditional Middle Eastern Values Blended with Western Beliefs

2114 words - 8 pages been formed during its history, giving it a national unity that is often non-existent in other Middle Eastern nations (1). This, as well as other advantages that Egypt has gained during its past, has allowed it to rise above the problems plaguing the rest of the Middle East and to form basically its own unique society, which is notably different from that of its neighboring nations. Hannah Arendt is the author of The Human Condition, a

The Role of Media on Middle Eastern Conflicts

4394 words - 18 pages The Role of Media on Middle Eastern Conflicts 'By now, all of us realize that there is a high powered media campaign aimed at promoting the war on Iraq and shaping the views of the American people, relying on media-savvy political strategy to sell the administration's priorities and policies' 'Systematic sources of bias in TV coverage of international affairs not only distort information, but can also restrict citizens' awareness and

Middle Eastern Women

1867 words - 7 pages Middle Eastern Women Missing Works Cited In the 1950's, a newly married American women named Elizabeth Warnock Fernea accompanied her new husband for a two year stay in the small rural village of El Nahra located in Southern Iraq. This book encapsulates her different experiences of the town social agenda, while her husband an anthropologist gathers data in the community. Her adjustment into her new surroundings was quite

Middle Eastern Democracy

1357 words - 5 pages Democracy Before a democratic government can be established, certain criteria must be met. These requirements vary between scholars, but there is a range from seven to nine different items. These items include tolerance, realism, flexibility, objectivity, economic well-being, economic equality, and educated citizens (Payne 2005, para 6). Middle East Conditions The Middle East lacks most of these requirements. Some Middle Eastern states have the

Middle Eastern Conflict

1091 words - 5 pages though they are an intolerable visitor in one’s own home.  Despite the fact that Palestine has never actually been deemed an independent state, it has been around for a long period of time. In fact, Palestine has had it’s name since the Romans seized control in second century c.e.  Palestine, variously known in history as Canaan, Judaea, Eretz Yisrael, Filastin,Syria, and Palaestina, has long been a malleable geographical entity.  Renamed by its

Middle-Eastern Women

972 words - 4 pages Middle Eastern Women By the standards of Western civilization, women living in Middle Eastern cultures, such as the Bedouin culture whose cultural practices are outlined by Lila Abu-lughod in her book, Veiled Sentiments, live under a patriarchal system of male domination. That cultures, such as the Bedouin's, are patriarchal is beyond dispute. The women, themselves, would be highly insulted if it were inferred to them in any way that males did

To what extent did traditional and commoditized relationships shape and influence Western/ Eastern Europe and Middle Eastern Eurasia 500 to 1000 CE?

1716 words - 7 pages Sabina Abayeva04.10.07Block DTo what extent did traditional and commoditized relationships shape and influence Western/ Eastern Europe and Middle Eastern Eurasia 500 to 1000 CE?From 6th to 11th century Afro Eurasia developed two kinds of relationships including commoditized and traditional. "Traditional relationships are born of such things as kinship, ethnicity, and geography and shared spiritual visions. They are glued together by reciprocal

Feminism in the Late 20th and 21st Century in Western Europe and North America Compared to Feminism in Middle Eastern Countries

1770 words - 7 pages Thesis My thesis will be based on Feminism in the late 20th and 21st century in Western Europe, North America and compared to Feminism in middle eastern countries. I want to focus my thesis on why feminism is still necessary and how feminist art makes a difference in either culture I have been researching sexuality and politics, the use of the Word 'feminazi' as a way of degrading the feminist movement, and terms like "modern-day feminist

Fertility Decline in Middle-Eastern Countries

1566 words - 6 pages influence of the media in Islamic countries. This is quite obvious from role the media played in Iran’s family planning. It is due to the media’s influence that smaller families became more popular in the first place. Thus, it is quite simple to see that Muslims are becoming more focused on the media, especially as it pertains to family and social developments. Saudi Arabia is another Middle Eastern country that is situated across the

An Overview of Middle Eastern Conflict

858 words - 3 pages conflict in the Middle East from 1900-today is the fight between the native Arab people against Western opposition for the control of Middle Eastern land. In 1900 the area was still under the control of the Ottoman Empire run by the Ottoman Turks. This changed in 1918 with the defeat of the Ottoman empire during WWI. The breaking up of the empire lead to the majority of the Middle East being taken over by mandates. These mandates gave many areas in

Middle-Eastern Depictions in the Media

1313 words - 5 pages Have you ever seen a movie or a television show where the main character is a 'good and innocent' Arab? Can you think of an Arab superhero or a Middle-Eastern person being 'the good guy that everyone likes'? Movies and televisions never seem to depict Arabs, or even just those who are Islamic, as positive. When an American sees an Arab on the street, a common first impression is usually not one of innocence. It is because of Arab depictions in

Similar Essays

World History Notes On Ancient Sumerian City States,Religion,Law,Math& Writing/Downfall Of Sumerians/Ancient Middle Eastern Civilizations(Other Than Sumer)

1052 words - 4 pages measurements-Sumerians developed a 12 month calendar-Sumerians developed 60 sec.=min./60 min.=hour/ 360 degrees=circles*Ancient Middle Eastern Civilizations(other than Sumer)-Around 2000 b.c., many other groups moved into Mesopotamia-Sumerian culture didn't die, other civilizations adopted it and added their own touches.*Hitites*-Hitites developed iron tools and weapons-Hitites created the Iron Age(1500-1200 b.c.)-Hitites tried to keep iron secret from the

Middle Eastern Social Movements Essay

1816 words - 7 pages In recent Middle Eastern social movements Internet-based communication has crucially aided both the potential for mass mobilization and the success of movements. 21st century media technologies (such as Facebook, Twitter, blogging, YouTube, etc.) operate as a semi-public sphere in which people can share dissident attitudes, announce the location of political protests, and coordinate mobilization. Internet-based communication therefore plays a

Middle Eastern Conflicts Essay

1276 words - 6 pages Both countries still have conflicts because of the tragic events that have, and will continue to occur, between them. They are coming closer to an agreement each day that they put aside the previous conflicts to share things such as Jerusalem, similar religion, and the same land. Both countries should have their rights to the land they live on, so how do you side? Prompt 5: Lives of Women in the Middle East In many Middle Eastern countries

Racial Profiling People Of Middle Eastern Descent

1617 words - 6 pages Middle Eastern descent was kicked off a plane due to his appearance. Another full fledged American citizen, this time a software developer from Dallas, TX was ripped from his plane seat for literally no reason at all but due to the paranoia of the pilot. Doing nothing more but reading his paper on an American Airlines plane, Vahid Zohrehvandi was approached by an airline employee and was told to grab his belongings and get off the