Love is superficial. In "A Midsummer Night's Dream" multiple love triangles exist that switch between the plots. Historical and gender roles are a key point in this play. One key point explains the troublesome choices one can go through while in love. While another key point directed toward on cultural norms and perception of love. In the Ancient world of Athens males dominated their culture ultimately deciding the lives of many woman and men.
As mentioned above, the world of ancient Athens, men was the dominate gender. Women were not allowed marriage without consent of their father. They didn’t even have the right to choose their lover. In “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”, Egues presented ...view middle of the document...
Men have been just as controlled as women. If reader's take a different perspective men were being controlled by women. Demetrius and Lysander fight for the same women they love. Being blinded by love they used force against each other to win the women. Culturally and gender norms this was expected out of men. For example, in the Trojan war Athens were an ally of the Greeks to keep Princess Helen (Cartwright 1).
Readers may not believe that Hermia could thrive in a male dominated world. Hermia would disobey and run from the future, she couldn't run away from. Hermia is the exact example of what not to be expected in an Athenian culture. Many cultural studies have shown why Athens is so strict to the rules it applies to gender roles. In the Olympian pantheon, the Greeks, who created their god in their own reputation and likeness, de-feminized the most important of the goddesses. Athena, the goddess of wisdom, was a deity of war, which was a masculine endeavor. Athena was a virgin-which is the denial of her sex. Athena was born of a male and thus was subject to him. The tenets of this godly society embrace human society, an it is against this general background that the society of Athens developed (O'Neal 116). Hermia is a strong-willed woman who will not take no for an answer. Readers can see she doesn't fit into Athenian society well. Since her father Egeus had Demetrius to be wedded with Hermia; Hermia has another lover. She is so into people loving her that the love becomes superficial and she now expects people to love her. When the potion changes both Lysander's and Demetrius's love for Hermia she gets confused on why nobody loves her anymore.
What? Can you do me greater harm than hate?
Hate me, wherefore? O me, what news, my love?
I am as fair now, as I was erewhile.
Since night, you loved me; yet since night, you left me.
Why then, you left me-O, the gods forbid-