Mies Van Der Rhoes And Paul Rudolph

2723 words - 11 pages

‘The avant-garde understands itself as invading unknown territory, exposing itself to the dangers of sudden, shocking encounters, conquering an as yet unoccupied future ... The avant-garde must find a direction in a landscape into which no one seems to have yet ventured.’
JURGEN HABERMAS, "Modernity versus Postmodernity," Modernity: Critical Concepts
Using the quote by Habermas as a starting point, select up to two buildings designed in the twentieth century and examine what ‘sudden, shocking encounters’ they have encountered, or created. Analyse the building’s meanings as a demonstration of an avant-garde, or potentially arriere-garde, position.

It is the new decade after the end of world war two and modernism is a well-established practice. Its pioneers and spearheads are prevalent figures looming over the new architects and designers who are trying to make their mark in the shadows of such historically influential people. With new technologies and materials emerging from the world wars the next era of modernism had started to evolved, bringing with it philosophies and ideas which seemed far removed from those of the pioneers of modernism “What emerged in the late 1940s and 1950s was an expanding synthesis of questions utterly removed from the confident statements of the pioneers.”(Spade 1971,10) Two significant buildings were designed in the 50's, both of them for educational institutes and to house students of architecture, there were both designed in completely different styles and methods. The first is Ludwig Mies van der Rohes' Crown Hall, finished in 1956 and designed as a part of a campus master plan for the Illinois Institute of technology in Chicago. Mies' design for Crown Hall is one of his most realised expressions of his philosophies on architecture, pushing the ideas of the timeless space within transparency and steel. The second is the Yale's Art and Architecture Building, designed in 1958 by architect Paul Rudolph. This building was an exploration of scale and space, bringing the urban and site context to the forefront of the architect. Using light and dynamic texturing of the facades to deliver a building that may have been before its time.

Mies van der Rohe is one of the most prominent figures in modernist architectural history, the man who popularised some of the most influential phrases of the era, e.g. “less is more”, and strove to push his ideas and philosophies, not just on what he thought a building should be, but of what he thought architecture itself was. He changed the cityscape of America, showing the world a style that was simple and elegant, with such a controlled palette of expressions that shone through in its geometric beauty.
Before him American cities were solid, clad in heavy masonry, thick set with shoulders as broad as American footballers. After Mies they rose up elegantly, their still gleaming glass transparent. They looked like bits of the ideal future, flawless in their geometry. (Hughes 2008)
...

Find Another Essay On Mies Van Der Rhoes and Paul Rudolph

Architecture and Roland Barthes Essay

1932 words - 8 pages coherence, research had to be done. Extensive research had to be carried out on relevant artifacts and architectural works which assisted at a great length to come up with a robust analysis on the relationship between culture and architecture. Few projects by Mies van der Rohe were discussed and the discussion revealed that an architectural object is an object whose real interpretation is never complete, though we do not dispute the existing

The Barcelona Trend Essay

1684 words - 7 pages the Barcelona chair. 1929 brought a new era, this time in history was home to many modern features, such as architecture, furniture, clothes and much more, yet thanks to Ludwig Mies van de Rohe his most timeless design, is a design still bought and used in modern homes today. According to (Nicholas, Weber, 20090, “Ludwig Mies van de Rohe was a leading German Avant Garde architect”. Yet he was only classified as avant grade as he went against

International Style

1304 words - 5 pages include Walter Gropius, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe of Germany. Gropius and Mies were best known for their structures containing glass curtain walls spanning steel girders that would form the skeleton of the building. Walter Gropius (1883-1969) was in 1919 appointed to director of the Grand Ducal Saxon School of Arts and Crafts, Academy of Arts, and School of Arts which were immediately joined as the Staatliches Bauhaus Weimar (“Public

kkkkkk

2213 words - 9 pages Praewpailin Srisangnam ID 5434790525Course 2541321 : Eastern and Western Philosophy and Paradigms in Architectural Design Farnsworth House and Greek Classical style ?"Architecture is the will of an epoch translated into space"Ludwig Mies Van Der RoheThe ancient Classical era of Greek is obviously the most magnificent that having left behind a lot of ideas to the modern day, and provided us the foundation of western civilization. Nowadays most of

farnsworth

2213 words - 9 pages Praewpailin Srisangnam ID 5434790525Course 2541321 : Eastern and Western Philosophy and Paradigms in Architectural Design Farnsworth House and Greek Classical style ?"Architecture is the will of an epoch translated into space"Ludwig Mies Van Der RoheThe ancient Classical era of Greek is obviously the most magnificent that having left behind a lot of ideas to the modern day, and provided us the foundation of western civilization. Nowadays most of

The Idea of Space

1615 words - 6 pages especially in Barcelona pavilion. 2) Edwin Hoag, Joy Hoag. 1977. Masters of Modern Architecture: Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, Mies Van Der Rohe, and Walter Gropius. indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill. This book has helped me understand the meaning of space from famous architects that basically created modern movement. I will be referencing this book in my comparison argument between the space of these two buildings,Barcelona Pavalion and Robie

This essay describes the events leading up to the International Style of architecture being used in America, the architects who led this movement and what their accomplishments were.

1281 words - 5 pages One common criticism of modern architects such as Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius is that while their goals might have been laudable, the execution and physical manifestation of their beliefs is somehow disconnected from the culture in which it grew out of. As 'ineffective' as critics might say this style was, there is great importance in the entire movement made in architecture during the mid-twentieth century. Understanding where the

The Seagram Building

1368 words - 5 pages structure. Mies designed many buildings during his life however none of the would be as popular and famous as the Seagram Building. In real estate and architecture, some dreams need a lot of staying power to get realized. The Seagram Building is the realization, some three decades late, of Mies van der Rohe's dream of a glass-covered, high-rise office tower that would provide a stunning monument to the International Style's faith in simplicity and

National Identity

1704 words - 7 pages . Purity replaced playfulness and a mostly private architecture where architects and clients often shared taste and value came forward. In 1922 Mies Van der Rohe drew a design for a concrete office building [fig.2] which became the prototype for all office buildings for the next 40 years. The architectural formula as propagated by the high priests of the modernist movement such as Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius was

Scenario Planning A Review

2720 words - 11 pages Part 1IntroductionThis report provides a critical review of three academic papers on the content arguments and issues of scenario planning.The papers which have been used for this analysis are as follows:"h Scenario Planning: a tool for strategic thinking. Paul J.H. Schoemaker."h Scenario thinking about the future. Kees van der Heijden."h How scenarios trigger strategic thinking. Stephen M. Millett.The report gives a brief introduction to

Architecture - The ART

604 words - 2 pages . Walter Gropius, Charles Jeanerette (better known as Le Corbusier) and Ludwig Mies van der Roe were among the most influential of the many architects who contributed to the development of Modernism in the first half of the century. But the economic depression of the 1930s and the second world war (1939_45) prevented their ideas from being widely realised until the economic conditions improved and war torn cities had to be rebuilt. By the 1950s

Similar Essays

The Significance Of Mies Van Der Rohe’s Core House

694 words - 3 pages architectural concepts and test their limits. Indeed, through the Core House, Mies van der Rohe formulated concepts that would successfully inspire future designs. This influence becomes more evident when one realizes that its theoretical ideas had to be adapted in order to attend the specific circumstances and practical demands of the commissioned projects. Therefore, to consider the Core House as just a project too impractical to be built is to neglect

Karen Van Der Zee's A Secret Sorrow And Gail Godwin's A Sorrowful Woman

2375 words - 10 pages Karen van der Zee's A Secret Sorrow and Gail Godwin's A Sorrowful Woman Though fulfilling love, happiness and trust in a relationship can be comforting, couples often are unsuccessful in finding or keeping the love that their relationship need; even if issues may interfere within the relationship, couples should find a way in working through their problems. Once a couple's happiness, trust and love have been fulfilled, they can

Paul Hindemith’s Change In Style And Culmination In Mathis Der Maler

1610 words - 7 pages Paul Hindemith set out to anchor a new movement towards 'unnatural' music, while Germany lacked composers of New Music, to attempt to bring structure and pedagogy to the creation of an otherwise unstructured and unteachable new musical art form. Being in exile from Germany due to his unconventional and unappreciated (by the Nazi party primarily) work, he sought refuge in the United States to pursue and be faithful to his art. He discovered

A Comparison Of Barna Di Siena’s Mystic Marriage Of Saint Catherine And Rogier Van Der Weyden’s Saint Luke Drawing The Virgin And Child

1519 words - 6 pages A Comparison of Barna di Siena’s Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine and Rogier van der Weyden’s Saint Luke Drawing the Virgin and Child Development in art often follows two tracks: development over a period of time and also differences in regional development. Both changes are seen in the comparison of Barna di Siena’s Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine and Rogier van der Weyden’s Saint Luke Drawing the Virgin and Child