Milestones In The Developmental Characteristics Of Kindergartners

1669 words - 7 pages

The key developmental characteristics of the kindergarten class which are in between the end of childhood and the beginning of middle age childhood, they differ in each developmental domain, below would explain clearly the developmental characteristics for physical, cognitive, language and social emotional development for kindergarten aged children .

physical developmental milestones:

• Hops on alternate legs
• jumps over small objects
• runs, jumps, around obstacles,
• throwing, catching and become more refined with flexible upper body.
• Can rotate twist
• fine and gross motor skills developing
• stacks 10 or more objects
• cuts with scissors
• distinguishes writing from non writing
• forms shapes and objects with clay
• feeds self using spoon, fork and knife
• dresses and undresses self with minimum assistance
(Kearns & Austin, 2010)
(Berk, L. E,2012)
cognitive development milestones:
• explores relationships, sorting, cause and effect, spatial, symbolic, similarity , function.
• Imitates, uses symbols and pretends, recognizes symbols in their environment.
• Memory develops to allow imitation of model when the model is not present
• Concentration and attention span developing
• Can make choices from two objects
• Grasps conservation, reasons about transformations, reverses thinking, and understands cause and effect relationships in familiar contexts.
• Sustained attention and planning improve.
• Uses new motor skills to manipulate objects skillfully and conduct complex explorations requiring coordination.
(Kearns & Austin, 2010)
Berk, L. E. (2012).
Language development milestones:
• Uses name or pronoun for self and for possession.
• Uses two or three word combinations ( telegraphic speech)
• understands complex sentences
• understands that letters and sounds are linked in systematic ways
• vocabulary expanding ; uses simple grammar and word order
• uses invented spellings
• has extensive vocabulary
• can relay information
• masters increasingly complex grammatical structures.
• Adopts different styles of language depending on listener

(Kearns & Austin, 2010)
(Berk, L. E.,2012)

Social emotional development milestones
• Describes self in terms of observable characteristics and typical emotions and attitudes.
• Relies more on language to express empathy
• Able to adapt behavior to respond appropriately to person and situation
• Forms first friendships, based on pleasurable play and sharing of toys
• Experiences self conscious emotions more often
• Becomes better at social problem solving
• Has acquired may morally relevant rules and behaviors
• Emotional understanding ( ability to interpret, predicts and influence others emotional reactions) improves
• Wants to be independent
• Self concepts more complex
• Takes roles
• More co-operative at times aggressive
• Follows instructions
(Kearns & Austin, 2010)
(Berk, L. E.,2012)

The above are the developmental...

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