This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Military Ballooning Essay

1549 words - 7 pages

In 1794, the French Committee of Public Safety developed a “Corp d’ Aerostiers” also known as a military balloon that was initially created to make it easier to scrutinize the enemy. Thaddeus Lowe then set out to invent a portable gas generating device that could be used anywhere. The first balloon was used in the battles of Charleroi and Fleurus in 1794. (Civil War Ballooning, 1987) The balloon was indeed a success for those battles until it became disbanded in 1798. (About.com, Napoleons Dream.) Before the balloon was disbanded, it did not move until later after the development became more of a popular topic between the Union and Confederate armies. In fact, military ballooning was so ...view middle of the document...

By the end of 1861 the first “Corp d’ Aerostiers” was flying one thousand feet above Washington D.C.
Lowes creation was inflated with gas, so the balloon was only able to travel as far as the tethers let it go. (Balloons in the Civil War, 2014) The limit on this development allowed Lowe to transmit information to the Union Army during the battles of Yorktown and Fredericksburg, Virginia. The information provided was hourly reports of the Confederate troop movements. As more balloons were created, they were getting more detailed. By 1862, the balloons had three different sizes. Each balloon made had a capacity of at least 15,000 cubic feet each. The largest balloons a capacity of 32,000 cubic feet of lifting gas and could carry 5 people aloft. The standard sized balloons had 25,000 cubic foot envelopes and could carry up to three people. The smaller balloons had a 20,000 cubic foot bag and could carry two people aloft. (Military Balloons 1700-1800, 2004) Smaller balloons could be inflated and sent skywards in a shorter amount of time. Larger balloons carried more observers and could include telegraphers.
Thaddeus Lowe invented a horse drawn wagon out of copper-lined wooden tank, mounted on a wagon filled with water and iron filings. (Military Balloons 1700-1800,2004) Since the balloons were forced to be inflated with gas inflating the balloons and getting them ready for battle was very time consuming. In addition, it was too risky to constantly move the equipment due to the fact that the confederates, the armies’ enemy, could attack during transport at any time or just have the opportunity to observe what they would be handling later. He invented a horse drawn wagon out of copper-lined wooden tank, mounted on a wagon filled with water and iron filings. The horse-drawn wagons were large and rectangular that each weighed about 1,000 pounds. Twelve of these wagons were built to service the balloons and carry other supplies need for the war. The balloons were moved, often fully inflated, on the wagons drawn by horse as well as teams of oxen and mules. Since it was being pulled, the balloons had to be small enough so the animals could pull them to battle. (Military Ballooning Transportation, 1998) The balloons being pulled were only 13,000 cubic foot in volume and the baskets were only big enough for one person. Balloons were inflated with city gas when it was available which was normally only in Washington and Richmond. Thaddeus Lowe saw this low supply as a problem and designed a balloon that did not need city gas to be inflated called, “Navy Yard constructed special inflation wagons.” These wagons were charged with dilute sulfuric acid and iron filings, which generated hydrogen. (Summary of Balloon Operations, Thaddeus Lowe.) These portable gas generator wagons gave the Union balloonists the ability to move around more freely then they would have with a balloon that had to constantly be inflated. This design also gave the military the...

Find Another Essay On Military Ballooning

The Legacy of the Lone Ranger

1078 words - 5 pages of his promises was to eliminate the already existing deficit, but it actually increased beyond comprehension; the combination of the tax reduction and increase in defense spending sent the deficit ballooning even further. The amount of capital that it would take to strengthen the defense did not matter to Reagan. He believed that the only strategic way into weakening the Soviet bloc was by showing military power being “as strong as the bear” (a

Mercury Seven Essay

1042 words - 5 pages In 1958 to aggressively pursue the exploration of space, “the next frontier”, President Dwight Eisenhower created The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (The Space Race). The United States was passionate about the space program and the national media, primarily through television, did their part to fuel the flame (The Space Race). In the 1960’s, “astronauts”, a mixture of the words “aeronauts,” (ballooning pioneers) and “Argonauts

Sri Lanka Post Independence

1681 words - 7 pages by shifting the agenda away from protection and towards achieving a stable and predictable economic policy environment’ (Cuthbertson 1997, P. 47). Sri Lanka’s ability to reap benefits from this remarkable policy transition was seriously hampered by the escalation of the civil strife. During 1983-2009 the economy continued to be burdened by the massive military expenditure (which increased from 1% to 9% of GDP between 1984 and 2008)4 Despite these

Sequestration and Monetary Policy

2566 words - 10 pages . The Budget Control Act instituted by law a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction in order to target the increasing ballooning national deficit. This super committee is equally partition with democrat and republican members to determine which entitlements to cut in order to balance the national debt. When either parties cannot reach a decision on how to address entitlement reduction or tax revenue an impasse is declared. In case of an

The Effects of the Naval Budget Cuts

1982 words - 8 pages solution that would satisfy both parties, automatic budget cuts then came into effect. These automatic cuts called for a $109 billion to be cut annual. The weight of the cuts would be spread equally throughout the U.S. Government, being carried by both military and nonmilitary departments alike, meaning that the budget cuts to the military alone would total $55 billion annually each fiscal year. It is through these cuts that the Navy will have to

Elizabeth Inchbald’s A Mogul Tale

1476 words - 6 pages defeated the Afghans and firmly established Mughal supremacy.9[9] Akbar established in the empire a more solid administrative system and he proved to be a hero of the people in many ways. He showed himself to be, as well as a humanitarian, a general. He removed the personal taxes imposed on his subjects and appointed many of them to high places of power and prestige both in civility and in the military. He believed that the ruler was the guardian of his

The increasingly dominant role of women in film and television: a social or economic reform?

2554 words - 10 pages representations are simplistic and limited, her whole character and image adhere to society's accepted or idealised female identity.Lara's virtual breasts are two of the most talked about things in recent times, ballooning to ludicrous proportions in the games. While feminists everywhere reeled against Tomb Raider and its perpetuation of a woman's body as a commodity, there were also elements of the game (and now film) that rather than demean

How Clinton Failed to Protect United States Interests from China

2599 words - 10 pages to dominance. With our ballooning trade deficit to China, the US is at a serious economic disadvantage. In 1992, our trade deficit with China was 18$ billion. When Clinton left office in 2000, the trade deficit had ballooned to 84$ billion dollars. Because of this trade deficit, China has profited tremendously. With the money gained from the trade surplus China created the world's largest foreign exchange reserve, and deployed billions to buy

Toyota Way

7186 words - 29 pages , construction materials and other basic products. The economic growth in Indonesia abruptly halted with the Asian Crisis in 1998, accompanied by the demise of Suharto and the implementation of a more democratic political system. During this crisis most companies that had debt denominated in U.S. dollars, a popular borrowing strategy at the time, faced ballooning debts when the local currency, the rupiah, declined dramatically from around 2,500 to the

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Similar Essays

Industrial Advances Of The Civil War

805 words - 4 pages because getting a birds eye view and also be able to see around for seven miles. (Civil War Ballooning) Military balloons were getting their air for the balloon from the air that was provided at the launch site until they created a cart that could carry the air for the balloon. (Civil War Ballooning) The communication and the fuel advancements were made during the war. The telegraph advancements helped communications between different trains

The History Of The United States Air Force

752 words - 4 pages The United States Air Force is a dedicated and effective establishment, and has been a great advantage in protecting the United States during numerous wars. It all started on August 1, 1907, General James Allen, Cheif Signal Officer or the U.S Army created and established the Aeronautical Division. He entrusted this organization with "All matters pertaining to military ballooning air machines and related subjects." (Creation) Allen then put in

New Technology In The Civil War Era

941 words - 4 pages ), (Marten, 2012) Hot Air Balloons were also used during the Civil War, They were not new to war but were used more frequently and with alot of success in this war. This technology helped the soldiers on the battlefield and they were used as a military machine. Thaddeus Lowe came up with this idea and showed Lincoln a demonstration of his own balloon called the Enterprise. He later talked the government, military leaders, and Lincoln to use them

Flying With The Birds Essay

1021 words - 5 pages Skydiving) The next step came to be hot air ballooning in the 18th century. Many people created designs of models to hot air balloon. Leonard da Vinci considered himself to be “The Father of Parachuting” even though he never created, made or even been in one. He claimed this because of a picture he drew of himself skydiving and was the first person to consider “drag” in flight. Da Vinci never had a chance to build an actual model but he drew a