Military Helicopter History Essay

1423 words - 6 pages

Helicopters played a minor role in World War II. However, World War II demonstrated that the helicopter could perform useful missions, and they did see service to a limited extent as supply craft and for rescue operations in the China-Burma-India theatre, and were operated by the 1st Air Commando unit. But the helicopters of the day were still limited in their power, size, and hence their capabilities.By Korea, helicopters were more numerous but were still limited largely to support roles, primarily search and rescue and medical evacuation, not to combat. Both the U.S. Army and the Marine Corps also used them in certain logistical roles. Although army leaders thought about using helicopters to ferry troops during Korea, the service was prohibited from operating large aircraft by a law passed when the U.S. Air Force was created in 1947. This situation changed on November 4, 1952, when the army and the air force signed an agreement that continued the limit on the size of army fixed-wing aircraft but redefined helicopters by function performed in the combat zone. This new agreement paved the way for the use of large army helicopters, although it came too late to seriously impact the war. The army did, however, send the 6th Transportation Company helicopters (H-19s) to Korea before the war ended.The United States first used this new concept of warfare, soon named "air mobility," during the early years of its involvement in the Vietnam conflict. The Vietnam War was the first real helicopter war. The army quickly began refining its way of fighting as the war escalated. American H-21 helicopters manufactured by Vertol were used to ferry Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) troops into battle against communist Viet Cong guerillas in 1962. At first, communist troops fled when the troop-carrying helicopters landed. But at the important battle of Ap Bac, the Viet Cong soon learned that if they stood their ground, they could bring down the helicopters with relative ease. Communist training manuals described the best ways to shoot at the H-21 and UH-1 Huey helicopters. They learned how to shoot ahead of the target to increase the chance of hitting it and where to shoot to cause the most damage.Despite the proven vulnerability of helicopters to ground fire, the U.S. Army soon fully embraced the concept of air mobility. By the mid-1960s, as American involvement in Vietnam dramatically increased and the army began moving massive amounts of troops by air, not just the small groups of only a few years earlier. Some combat operations involved more than 100 helicopters at a time, plus fixed-wing air support to drop bombs and fire rockets at enemy troops.The helicopter ushered in a radically different way of fighting a war, instead of armies engaging each other across vast fronts, advancing slowly, and holding ground, the U.S. Army would quickly carry troops into hostile territory and deploy them, then remove them after the fighting ended. The overall strategy was...

Find Another Essay On Military Helicopter History

USS Vincennes Case Study

1799 words - 7 pages Every event in the course of history is filled with clearly defined turning points upon which rests the outcome of the situation. Often times, these critical decision points do not seem extraordinary or even important when they are made, and would merely be recorded in the footnotes of history had their fuller implications been left unrealized. When such events happen that result in needless loss of life, the first questions to come to the minds

Army Medical Evacuation Operation Essay

1076 words - 5 pages Medical evacuation is shortend to MedEvac Operation and has been a part of Military History for many years. This is for Soldiers to receive medical care any where there may be an injured patient that may need to be evacuated from an accident to receive medical care and be taken to a facility where medical care is provided. The times have changed and also the mission, with better helicopters and better equipment. This provided better chances for

Women in Combat

1248 words - 5 pages aptitude scores are approximately 20% higher than the men (Ladin). Women have clearly demonstrated their capabilities and their potential for future contributions to the military. Their most recent victory was achieved in the Persian Gulf War. There, women helicopter pilots participated in an air assault for the first time. They were involved in airlifting the 101st Airborne into Iraq, in what has been called the largest helicopter action in

Flight Engineer Instructor

2387 words - 10 pages aircraft, and to provide assistance to the pilots in the overall operation of the aircraft. My aircraft is the CH-47D Chinook medium-lift transport helicopter. The aircraft's missions include combat service support airlift for movement of heavy supplies, vehicles, aircraft and equipment. We also provide troop air assaults such as: extractions and resupply of troops, and aeromedical evacuations such as: search and rescue, ice break, mine sweep

Operation Frequent Wind

2147 words - 9 pages would no longer be a challenge. As the North Vietnamese Army started migrating south the remaining Americans relied on the U.S. Government to develop a plan to safely extract the remaining personnel without involving U.S. combatant forces. This plan turned out to become the largest helicopter evacuation in American history and lasted less than forty eight hours. It consisted of sixteen Sikorsky CH-53 “Sea Stallions”, sixteen Boeing CH-46 “Frogs

Igor Sikorsky

2108 words - 8 pages the development of the modern day helicopter, multi-engine aircraft and rigid hulled boat plane. The more we read into history his trials and attempts at flying were not always successful, nor was his way of life in the beginning easy by any means. With determination and a desire to learn from his misfortunes, Igor Sikorsky has written himself into the history books and the International Aerospace Hall of Fame and the Aviation Hall of Fame to name

Leonardo Da Vinci: Biography

985 words - 4 pages History“The noblest pleasure is the joy of understanding”.Theses are wise words quoted from the great Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo was one of the greatest minds ever. He studied many different fields such as architecture, sculpting, painting engineering, music and warfare. He made break throughs in almost all of these fields; no man understood accomplishment more than Leonardo da Vinci. He painted some of the most famous paintings in

The Battle of IA Drang Valley

1927 words - 8 pages the more useful with it being utilized as a cargo transport and area reconnaissance aircraft The Huey which it would be the nickname it is most known by has become the most recognizable helicopter in the history of military operations around the world. History states that 7,000 UH-1’s saw service in Vietnam with the first major battle to take place in the IA Drang Valley, The training taking place at Fort Benning Georgia was hard and demanding for

History of Pre-hospital Care

1651 words - 7 pages Canadian Journal of Surgery (5). The article states that patients who were severely injured and transported to hospital via helicopter were associated with reduced mortality rates when compared to patients who were transported to hospital via ground ambulance. The air ambulance since its first inception in the military, to when it was introduced in Australia and up to this very day has been a vital transport system used in pre hospital care that

Black Hawk Down

1314 words - 6 pages To begin with, this paper was written with the intent to provide a full analysis on the movie Black Hawk Down. Over the course of the following paragraphs, I will establish a base as to why I think this movie is important to history, as wells as provide an in-depth overview of the narrative, and the translation of the story into a film. Since there are many different characteristics that make up a great film, the following text will provide what

My Lai Massacre

1057 words - 4 pages My Lai was witnessed by at least one soldier who wasn't swept up in the drama unfolding on the ground beneath his helicopter. Pilot Hugh Thompson, enraged by what he was witnessing in the hamlet below, set down his aircraft and began to rescue the Vietnamese survivors. He ordered his machine gunner to open fire on any American soldiers who continued to shoot villagers. Thompson would later be questioned by U.S. military officials for making the

Similar Essays

Helicopter Research Paper

1193 words - 5 pages the helicopter and keep using it for the same things. Based on the information, it seems like the helicopter is here to stay now and in the future In conclusion, Igor Sikorsky was an important figure in American History. His invention of the helicopter made it easier for people to do things in the military and in the medical field. Igor saved many lives in a way because he helped the military save lives. Igor Sikorsky and his invention of the

The Comanche Helicopter Program Essay

2013 words - 8 pages , the United States had invested 6.9 Billion dollars and had two RAH-66 helicopters to show for it. In 2003, with the war on terrorism kicking off, President George W. Bush cancelled the Comanche program to better equip the U.S. Military for the fight that was ongoing. History U.S. strategy in 1983 toward the Cold War with the U.S.S.R. was to simply out spend the Soviet Union in the military sector. The United States believed that the

Helicopters: Their Evolution And Ever Changing Role In The Modern World

2564 words - 10 pages . Despite its unbeknownst shortcomings, it was used extensively in the Pacific theatre, earning its reputation as a versatile logistical tool and as a Search and Rescue platform. The R-5 would soon be fitted with a personnel hoist that would enable it to log the first ever military and civilian helicopter rescues. Westland Helicopters was, without a doubt, the age equivalent of the Sikorsky empire across the pond. However, as a company, they were never

Operation Frequent Wind Essay

1987 words - 8 pages Operation Frequent Wind ( n.d.). The event has gone down in history was the largest helicopter evacuation ever. Lessons Learned Fragmented command and control seems to always be an issue with military operations. Operation Frequent Wind was no different. A single military commander should have been established instead of the civilian Embassy Ambassador (Hualman 1975). Only four American military were killed during the Operation; Marine corporals McMahon and Judge while at the Defense Attaché Office and pilots Nystul and Shea (Dunham 1973–1975 ).