The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) represents the basic necessities and rights that any human would want to enjoy. It is a nationwide commitment made in September 2000 at a United Nations Millennium Summit meeting by 189 countries including Jamaica (Sweetman, 2005, p.2). Its emergence came as a major objective in an effort toward global development within a fifteen (15) year period. These objectives are targeted at the poorest sets of people in the world and are geared towards eliminating severe poverty and improving the provisions of good health and well-being. There are eight goals to be accomplished by 2015, each having more than one target.
1. Eradication of poverty and hunger- the target is to half the rate of the world’s poverty and hunger and to achieve full and productive employment for all.
2. Achieving universal primary education – its aim, to ensure that all children will at least attain and successfully complete the primary level education.
3. Promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women – aimed at seeing more women in parliament, girl to boy ratio in primary, secondary and tertiary schooling
4. Decreasing child mortality – that is, reducing the death rate by at least two-thirds in children who are under five (5) years old and ensuring that all infants are properly immunized by the time they get to age one.
5. Improvement in maternal health – aimed at reducing maternal mortality and ensuring that mothers giving birth are attended to by skilled health personnel.
6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases – aimed at educating persons about the important use of condoms and contraceptives in order to reduce and prevent these diseases.
7. Ensure environmental sustainability –aimed at integrating the principles of development into policies. To improve the lives of persons living in slums and access to sanitation and safe drinking water
8. Develop a global partnership for development – aim to develop a strong cooperation in trade and especially with pharmaceutical companies in order to have access to affordable drugs
Based on the above, the question now, is Jamaica meeting these goals?
According to the National Report of Jamaica on MDG, The United Nation has ranked Jamaica as a middle income country and believes they have a likely chance of meeting some of these goals. They includes poverty, malnutrition (hunger in children under 5 years), hunger, primary level enrolment, combating HIV/AIDS, halting the incidence of malaria and tuberculosis are on track, provision of safe drinking water and sanitation and access to reproductive health (National Report of Jamaica on MDG).
The United Nations MDG indicator chart shows the following statistical report. In 1995 Jamaica’s poverty rate was 27.5% and improved to 18.7% in 2000. The improvement in poverty level is based on the fact that there are increased employments in the informal sector and the underground economy. The hike in migration and the...