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Mills And Kant Moral Philosophy Essay

704 words - 3 pages

Another motive for action is when something is done in accordance to duty, and actually wants to do it – this is also called immediate inclination. An example of this principle would be a man who is happily married. However, at the office, there is an attractive new intern that constantly hits on him. He does find the intern to be physically attractive but does not actually desire to be with her. He reflects that he could indeed have an affair with this intern if he wanted to but he wont in a million years because he is extremely happy with his wife. He wouldn’t risk that relationship for a chance at a fling. According to Kant, this would not have moral worth because it comes from immediate inclination, not from the motive of duty.
The fourth one is to act but only from out of duty. An example of someone acting from duty would be a woman who marries a man out of love. Their marriage is initially a happy bliss however, they drift apart, yet they stick to their usual routines just to keep their household running - more like roommates than lovers. Her husband is then in a really bad car accident that leaves him paralyzed from the waist down. The woman doesn’t love her husband the way she used to but she does not leave him in his time of need. She remembers the vows she recited the day of her wedding, “In sickness and in health…till death do us apart.” She stays with him to be a dutiful wife because she knows she had agreed to this long ago. Another example can be someone who at first loved to volunteer at a children’s hospital because it made him happy. But after a few months, he becomes fatigued from working 40 hours a week, being a full time student, and volunteering a few times a week. This part time hobby is no longer done out of pleasure, but out of duty because he knows he is helping out the community. Kant would consider these examples to have moral worth because the person doing them...

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