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Mind And Body Essay

1196 words - 5 pages

The relationship between mind and body seems like an important key to understand more about whether a person has a mental state or not. Many philosophers have developed many branches of philosophy to study the nature of mind and its relationship to body. From the conversation, the doctors’ positions actually represent one of the branches when they are discussing the mental states of the patient. Each branch has their own defenses. In the following paragraphs, I will argue that it is more reasonable to think that the penitent has mental since the second doctor’s argument is more justified.
To begin with, there are two major branches regard to the mind and body problem, dualism and monism. The ...view middle of the document...

The argument is true, if the premise is true. Nevertheless, the premise is somewhat questionable. This argument actually follows one of the Cartesian interactionism’s claim perfectly that other animals do not have minds since they do not even have souls. Their movements are just results of the mechanical motions. Thus, the first doctor is referring the patient as an animal. However, the claim is not entirely convincing. Firstly, Cartesian interactionism is one of dualism’s branch. They claim that mind and body are two distinct substances, and one is not extended and the other is not, respectively. But they fail to provide an explanation about how they interact with each other. If mind is not extended, how can it affect an extended physical body, or vice versa. Also, their view entails solipsism about the minds of other people and animals. But how can they verify that whether other people actually have mental states or not. This is also the question that the second doctor proposed. Therefore, the argument from the first doctor is not really solid and convincing.
The fourth states that the patient behaves and has a disposition to behave which implies that he is a behaviorism. He claims that the patient has a mental state by saying that the patient behaves and has a disposition to behave, and it is irrelevant whatever is in her skull. The fourth doctor shows that he is a behaviorist because behaviorists state that the only way that one can tell whether a person has a mental state or not is by observing his behaviors. Since the fourth doctor is saying that the patient has a disposition to behave, his argument is on behaviorism’s side. However, there are issues regard to behaviorism. First of all, they define mental states through behavior which appeal to one’s belief or desire. For example, a person goes to university is a desire to get a degree. However, they define such belief or desire by references to such behaviors. Their argument is in a vicious circle. Moreover, there is a possibility of a perfect actor that behaves exactly like a person, but he does not need to have the same mental states like that person. The patient could be a perfect actor of the actual one, and others cannot tell. Therefore, doctor two’s argument does not hold either, but I agree with his conclusion.
Lastly, the second doctor agrees with the fourth doctor’s conclusion, but with a different reasoning. He states that the patient behave normally prior to and after the accident. It is...

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