Mind And Crime Essay

2142 words - 9 pages

Mental health and the criminal justice system have long been intertwined. Analyzing and understanding the links between these two subjects demands for a person to go in to depth in the fields of criminology, sociology, psychology, and psychiatry, because there are many points of view on whether or not a person’s criminal behavior is due to their mental health. Some believe that an unstable mental state of mind can highly influence a person’s decision of committing criminal actions. Others believe that mental health and crime are not related and that linking them together is a form of discrimination because it insinuates that those in our society that suffer from poor mental health are most likely to become a criminal due to their misunderstood behavior not being considered a normality in society. In this report I will go into detail of what mental health and mental illness is, what the differentiates a normal and a mentally unstable criminal, give examples of criminal cases where the defendant’s state of mind was brought up, introduce theories surrounding why one would commit crimes due to their mental health, and lastly I will discuss how the criminal justice system has been modified to accommodate mental health issues.

According to the C.D.C ( Centers for Disease Control) the term mental health is commonly used in reference to mental illness. However, knowledge in the field has advanced to a level that completely separates the two terminologies. But even so mental health and mental illness are indeed in fact related, they represent different psychological state of mind with in a person. Mental health refers to our physical and emotional well being. Mental health is mainly all about how we behave, interact, and think. It can affect our everyday life, this includes a person's ability to enjoy life or create balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological stability. According to Medilexicon ( a medical dictionary), mental health is "emotional, behavioral, and social maturity or normality; the absence of a mental or behavioral disorder; a state of psychological well-being in which one has achieved a satisfactory integration of one's instinctual drives acceptable to both oneself and one's social milieu; an appropriate balance of love, work, and leisure pursuits". There are factors that can affect a person's Mental health from everyday concerns to the environment a person grows up in. The C.D.C defines Mental illness as “collectively all diagnosable mental disorders” or “health conditions that are characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior (or some combination thereof) associated with distress and/or impaired functioning.” The Medilexicon refers to Mental illness as " a broadly inclusive term, generally denoting one or all of the following: 1) a disease of the brain, with predominant behavioral symptoms, as in paresis or acute alcoholism; 2) a disease of the “mind” or personality, evidenced by abnormal...

Find Another Essay On mind and crime

Crime in our society Essay

832 words - 3 pages success in preventing crime is that hard policing is coupled with social crime prevention.Social Crime PreventionThis means changing the mind-set and behaviour patterns in social environments so that people live lives less troubled by crime. This is the toughest and most difficult method of crime prevention to sustain, but also the most rewarding.The theory is that even though people are poor, not everyone living in poor residential areas resorts to crime. Those who don't resort to crime should become role-models rather than the ones who resort to a life of crime and gangsterism.

Is the nature of crime in our society accurately presented by the media? Discuss.

1656 words - 7 pages ). However, most criminal matters proceeding to court are finalised at the Magistrates Court, i.e. without a jury. With this in mind, it shows that the media have a great impact on setting the public agenda and initiating discussion and debate by inaccurately presenting the crime problem. The third argument correspondingly elucidates that the media's reporting on crime is often deceptively supportive of police or law enforcement agencies but is

Classical Criminology Theory

639 words - 3 pages punishment is believed to deter the most. According to Beccaria, when punishment promptly follows the crime, the punishment will be reinforced in a persons mind before they act criminally. A certain punishment is also a form of deterrence because the less would be criminals think they can get a way with, the more they will weigh in the consequences of that action. General deterrence is used for the purpose of setting and example for society

Perspectives on Crime

1240 words - 5 pages chaotic but with a live victim filled with worry and confusion, the situation takes on another dimension. After becoming a victim to a crime, a person is confused and begins to question themselves and their self-preservation instincts. Most people are unable to process what has happened once they become a victim of a crime. A lot of thoughts start to run through a victims mind that question why the crime happened to them and what could have

A Comparison of Official Crime Statistics and the Actual Crime Rate

4426 words - 18 pages average for most crimes is lower in my area than the national average, however there are slightly more sexual offences in my area than there are England as a whole. When comparing my results from my victim survey to official British statistics I will need to keep this in mind in order to not be biased and fairly carry out my investigation. I have the official crime statistics for north Somerset, this shows the

Victim's Rights

1082 words - 4 pages Millions of Americans are victims of crime every year. Victims of crimes have rights which entitle them to special benefits and help as a result of a crime. Crime is defined as any behavior that is punishable by a fine, a prison or jail sentence or in some cases both. There are two types of crime. The first type is a felony; the standard definition of a felony is any crime that is punishable by more than one year in prison or by death. The

Types of Crimes

663 words - 3 pages Types of Crimes A crime is an act against the public good, punishable by a fine, imprisonment, or both. There are two major classifications of crime. The first classification of crime is a felony. A felony is a major crime punishable by imprisonment or death. Murder, manslaughter, burglary, robbery, and arson are examples of felonies. The second major classification of a crime is a misdemeanor. A misdemeanor is a less serious crime with a

Cyber Crime Investigations: The Obstacles for Law Enforcement Officials

1578 words - 6 pages investigation, but are not common knowledge for untrained investigators (Blitz, 2003). Officials also need to understand the fundamental difference between cyber crime and traditional crimes committed in conjunction with the use of a computer. Cyber crime will require the expertise of a trained and computer literate investigator, while computer-related crimes can be investigated by any investigator keeping in mind the sensitivity of the digital evidence

Sutherland's Concept of White Collar Crime in the 21st Century

2227 words - 9 pages , which makes many incidences go unreported. In other words, it is often difficult to pin point one person as the perpetrator of the crime as it would happen with the case of robbery, knife crime, or drug trafficking. However, white crime remains a serious crime and one that can have serious negative impacts on the society and victimize many without their knowledge. During the 20th century, it is worth reckoning that many studies were carried out on

White Collar Crime vs. Street Crime.

711 words - 3 pages lower class who live in these inner-city communities. Since urban communities are concentrated with people of color, the image of minorities soon becomes that of a criminal. When the media constantly airs these stories it creates the idea that it's "us against them." This allows money to be justifiably funneled into the justice system. This mind set takes the fuscous off of white collar crimes and continues the cycle of dealing with street crime. As

How to be a White Collar Criminal

1860 words - 7 pages the white-collar world to be a white-collar offender” (Hirshi and Gottfredson 1987:967). The second component to crime is motivation to utilize the opportunity: if one just won the lottery, there would be no motivation to rob the bank - at least no financial motive (Benson and Simpson 2009:79). Because white collar crime is committed within the course of legitimate business, the offender differs greatly from those who engage in street crime. White

Similar Essays

The Mind Of A Criminal In Fyodor Dostoevsky’s "Crime And Punishment" And Mary Shelley’s "Frankenstein"

748 words - 3 pages The human mind is a complex labyrinth barely explored. What drives humans to make decisions, behave in certain manors, and react in certain ways are defined by many theories of psychology. What actually goes on in the mind of a criminal or a sociopath? Can crimes be justified? And where do society’s morals take effect? These questions are ones that might be posed when reading Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment and Mary Shelley’s


1834 words - 8 pages crime. The reason for this is because a corporation is seen as a 'legal person which can sue and be sued in its own name.' (Slapper, et al. 1999, p.197). Therefore, on the grounds of 'mens rea' this makes it difficult to prosecute against a cooperation, because a corporation does not have a 'soul'. According to Edward Coke, an act does not make someone guilty unless their mind is guilty. Coke, E. (2014) Criminal Justice Process, Birckbeck

White Collar Vs. Street Crime Essay

655 words - 3 pages communities. Since urban communities are concentrated with people of color, the image of minorities soon becomes that of a criminal. By creating the idea that its 'us against them,' the justice system convinces voters that street crime is the evil of all evils. This allows money to be justifiably funneled into the justice system. This mind set says that its acceptable for people to be murdered by unsafe working conditions, and unsafe products. In

Difficulties Involved In Defining And Measuring Crime And Deviance

1053 words - 4 pages murder are defined as criminal and deviant, so the problems that have escalated over time concerning crime and deviance are what one could define as crime may in another one’s mind be defined as deviant. Therefore it is true to say that not all crime is deviant and not all deviance is crime it could be neither or both (www.ruthssociology.com) Crime is a behaviour that is against the law, which in fact can carry a heavier punishment than the