Miranda V. Arizona Case: How It Changed Law Enforcement

1577 words - 6 pages

The "Miranda rule," which makes a confession inadmissible in a criminal trial if the accused was not properly advised of his rights, has been so thoroughly integrated into the justice system that any child who watches television can recite the words: "You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to an attorney" Yet the 1966 Supreme Court ruling in Miranda v. Arizona remains the subject of often heated debate, and has had a great impact on law enforcement in the U.S.On March 13, 1963, eight dollars in cash was stolen from a Phoenix, Arizona bank worker, Police suspected and arrested Ernesto Miranda for committing the theft. Eleven days earlier, an 18- year old woman was kidnapped and raped in Phoenix, Arizona. The police investigated the case but didn't have any leads as to a suspect. During two hours of questioning Ernesto Miranda on the theft charge, without never being offered a lawyer, he confessed not only to the eight dollars theft, but also to kidnapping and raping an eighteen year old woman eleven days earlier. The police arrested the poor, and mentally disturbed man. This case would become well known in American constitutional studies. Miranda was 23 years old when he was arrested. By confessing to the crime, Miranda was convicted for kidnapping and rape and sentenced to twenty years in prison.However, when Miranda was arrested he was not told his rights that are stated in amendment number five. On appeal, Miranda's lawyers pointed out that the police had never told him that he had the right to be represented by a lawyer, and that he could remain silent if he wished to do so. In addition, he was not told that everything that he said could be used against him. In the end of 1966, The United State's Supreme Court gave support to the defendant side by only a 5 - 4 majority. The Supreme Court decision detailed the principles governing police interrogation. In addition, they decided that the police have to make certain points clear for the accused before questioning and suspect.The Miranda case solely dealt with the first ten Amendments, or the so called "bill of rights" amendments. According to Amendment number five anyone including foreigners arrested in the United States has certain rights and privileges that should be spelled out for them at the time of the arrest. These rights are designed to ensure that everyone had the right to due process of the law, that states that a person's rights, liberty , and property cannot be violated without a proper trial. The rights and the privileges of an accused person are as follows:1. The accused is free to remain silent.2. The accused has to be warned that anything he/she says can be used against the accused.3. The accused has the right to have an attorney present during any questioning.4. The accused does not have to answer any questions if you do not want to. The accused can terminate questioning whenever he/she wants...

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