The focus of this essay however will be on developing countries and the alternatives available to mitigate natural and man-made disasters that are available to policymakers.
Developing countries are in general countries which have not achieved a significant degree of industrialization relative to their populations, and which have, in most cases a medium to low standard of living. There is a strong correlation between low income and high population growth
In today’s globalized nation, countries are categorized either as a developed or developing nation. This form of categorization is based on the country’s social, political and economical status, that is, their earning powers, standard of living and their type of governance. In other words developed countries can be regarded as wealthy, have effective governance, a high gross domestic product (GDP), political stability and social well-being. Some of these developed countries are Europe, North America, Japan and New Zealand among others. Developing countries on the contrast are termed as inferior, poverty stricken, have high levels of unemployment and illiteracy, highly dependent on developed countries, low GDP and an unstable political system. They lack certain basic amenities and resources mainly due to a system of ineffective governance and the lack of policy implementation and enforcement.
A few developing countries are said to be concentrated in Africa, the Caribbean, South and Central America, Asia and the Middle East. Each developing country is independent of each other and has their own outlook and concerns of life. They are also classified as third world or least developed countries and consist of a very diverse set of people and account for the greater portion of the world’s population. These third world countries though very poor play a very important role in the globalized nation as they are actively engaged in international trade with a view to become competitive trading partners and also to promote their developmental process (Standford, Sandhu, 2003).
Most developing countries, especially the smaller states were once colonized by Western industrial states and hence, have felt the impact of exploitation and deprivation from their strong colonial powers; in fact, they are still governed with similar social, political, economical and cultural traits which up to today have a major influence on their social well-being. They rely relentlessly on these developed nations, hence the tardiness in their developmental process. One tend to get the feeling that there is some amount of inferiority among the citizens of developing countries as they have inherited what is termed a “dependency syndrome” still lagging among them.
Because these developing countries are so poverty stricken, lack basic resources, proper governmental structures, a non-existence of rules and regulations and the lack of proper enforcement of policies, they tend to be more vulnerable to disasters....