1. Mobile Communication
Wireless communication is the fastest growing segments in the communication industry. Cellular phones have experienced exponential growth over the last decade, and this growth continues persistent worldwide, with more than a billion worldwide cell phone users projected in the near future (Goldsmith, 2004). As for the report by GSMA (2014), at the end of 2003 there was a little over a one billion unique subscribers (one in six subscribed to a mobile service) and by the end of 2013 the figure has increased to 3.4 billion unique subscribers (half of the global population) and it is expected to grow up to 9.2 billion subscribers by 2020.
With the increasing use of ...view middle of the document...
4Kbps (peak) 56Kbps to 115Kbps 5.8Mbps to 14.4Mbps 100Mbps peak high mobility 1Gbps peak stationary
Characteristics Voice only SMS, MMS, Web browsing Video Calling,
International roaming HD streaming, portability increased to worldwide roaming
Table 1: Mobile Generation Comparison Source: (4G Americas, 2014; Kumar et al., 2010; Bhalla and Bhalla, 2010)
3G Network enabled the service providers to offer a wide range of advanced services; wide-area wireless voice telephony, video calls, and broadband wireless data HSPA data transmission with 14.4 Mbps on the downlink and 5.8 Mbps on the uplink, all in a mobile environment while achieving a grater network capacity (Kumar et al., 2010; Bhalla and Bhalla, 2010). Further 3G are backward compatible with 2G technologies.
Bhalla and Bhalla (2010) explained that 4G as a non-backward compatible technology with a new set of frequencies. Further expectation of 4G is streaming of high quality audio/video over end-to-end Internet Protocol. Since 4G is packet-based switching, shifting from 4G to Wi-Fi and back is a smooth handover without call or data interruptions (Mora, 2014). Ongoing improvements to infrastructure have lead to improvement of mobile broadband, where currently 3G infrastructure failing to satisfy rapid increase in mobile data traffic (PRWeb, 2014).
Considering the market share for 2G, 3G and 4G; report by GSMA, (2014) depicted that the number of 2G connections are gradually falling while the reduction proportion reflects increase in 3G and 4G connections. 90% of total 2G connections in 2008 have fallen down to 67% in 2013 (Figure 3: Global Connections by Technology).
The introduction of mobile Internet opened the path to a wide range of new anytime/anywhere computing and multimedia applications extending to search and navigation to online video streaming (Raychaudhuri and Mandayam , 2012). The report by GSMA (2014) shows that in 2013, 75% of the mobile Internet traffic was for video streaming and browsing, 12% for File downloads (Apps and Music) and it’s an 80% growth rate compared to 2012 (Ericsson, 2013). An average smartphone user consumed 600MB of data in a month in 2013 and it is predicted that in 2019 it will be 2.2GB per month (Ericsson, 2013) (Figure 4: Mobile Data usage on Smartphones).
Further in the report by The Nielsen Company (2014) shows that smartphone users spent 34 Hrs. and 17mins on using Browsers/Apps per month and it’s an increase of 9Hrs. and 52min compared to 2012. As GSMA (2014) reports revenue earned through Apps, Content, Advertising were USD 205 billion and it is expected to grow USD 576 billion in year 2020 with an annual growth rate of 16%.
3. Mobile Application Development
Introduction of Apple iPhone in 2007 rewrites the mobile history by starting the smartphone era, with advanced OS, touch screen user interface and evolutionary adopting 3G technology (Meyers, 2011; Saini, 2013). Native Mobile Application development has become a significant industry today,...