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Models And Perspectives Of Care /Biopsychosocial

3369 words - 13 pages

Within this assignment the intention is to discuss the biological, psychological and social models and perspectives of care. This will be achieved through examining the influences of each model and their effects upon the practice of mental health care. Some historical information will be provided to give explanation of the background into the evolution of social and moral perspectives that have shaped mental health care practice throughout the ages." The history of mental illness has long been a process of trial and errorGuided by public attitudes and medical theory with each societyDeveloping its own responses. By tracking these developments, adeeper understanding of human interaction and acceptance of thisdisability can be gathered". Wikipedia(2006).Throughout the entire history of human kind, mental illness has always been perceived within the form of something "wrong." The concept of mental illness during prehistoric, stone age times was a very mythical one. With the belief that mental disorders were of a magical, supernatural origin."Mental disease represented a breakdown of the magical-religious system and ismainly attributed to violation of a taboo, neglect of ritual obligations and demonicpossessions" Mora,(1985).People whose behaviour deviated from the majority of society would be consideredto have an evil mind. Treatment during these times treatment would be conducted in the forms of spiritualistic ceremonies and crude forms of brain surgery, (trepanning) done by the Shaman. The motive for this would be to allow evil spirits to be released. It has been suggested that stone age cave dwellers may have treated behaviour disorders with this treatment of trepanation. (Sue et al,1990). It appears inevitable that they explained mental illness through a non-scientific cause, because they had not developed scientific techniques to provide a materialistic cause,The supernatural concept of mental illness still existed through to ancient times of Egyptians following on to the Greek, Roman era. With the ancient Egyptians came the first signs of changes of the treatment of the mentally ill. Egyptians like the early stone age societies regarded mental illness as magical or religious in nature. Their society obsessed with life after death meant that the health of the mind or soul played an essential part in one's overall health. . Egyptian society, with its fixation on the health of the soul, was the first major example of mental healthcare as a major priority for a society in history. It is believed that an ancient temple complex near modern Saqqara was a kind of mental hospital for the treatment of the mentally ill. Wikipedia, (2006).According to Davison & Neale, (1997). The Greek philosophy of mental illness was a doctrine of demonology that an evil being, such as the devil dwells within an individual and controls their mind and body. However in contrast to this Hippocrates (460-355bc) believed in a biological cause of mental illness. His belief...

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