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Models Of Development And The Relation To The Effects Of Dissociative Disorders

1090 words - 5 pages

If you've ever felt a spectator to your own actions, forgot a large part of an action you had been doing, or completely distanced yourself from your emotions, you have experienced dissociation. In psychology, dissociation can mean anything from mild detachment from emotions or surroundings to complete separation from all physical and emotional feeling. "In our typical daily functioning we are integrated with our world. We feel, observe, smell, touch, remember, and think about the things around us. When experiencing a dissociative state, however, we separate from part or all of our immediate surroundings" (Libal 10). While most people experience mild dissociation throughout their life, there are others that experience it more severely and much more often. Dissociative identity disorder, formerly known as multiple personality disorder, depersonalization disorder, dissociative fugue, and dissociation disorder not otherwise specified (DD-NOS) are all examples of dissociative disorders that affect over 1% of the population daily. But, the number could be as high as 7% due to the lack of diagnosis. However, many of these people will not seek help, whether due to shame, lack of knowledge of these disorders, or due to the lack of money that they could put towards therapy. In theory, it would be easy to say that we as a people must then spread knowledge and acceptance of dissociative disorders and allow people afflicted with chronic dissociation to seek help. But, along with increasing diagnosis(es), there will inevitably be an increase in false diagnosis. Whether through the influence of media and the sociocognitive model or therapist influence, there have been cases of people purposefully creating multiple parts of themselves and forming into multiple personalities, whereas other cases have been diagnoses through the posttraumatic model, basing the disorder through childhood trauma. Thus, we must examine the thoughts of legitimate versus illegitimate diagnosis through the models presented for diagnosis of DID and other dissociative disorders. But, regardless of whether the diagnosis of dissociative disorders is valid or not, we must question the dangers of leaving people with dissociative disorders to fend for themselves. As stated in the example at the start, mild dissociation is common, but imagine if that extreme feeling of otherness or wrongness, was a constant state of mind. These feelings could easily lead to depression and suicide. So then, we must wonder, does the "legitimacy" of diagnosis, whether the diagnosis is through influence of the sociocognitive model (SCM) or the posttraumatic model (PTM), matter? Throughout this paper, we will discuss the validity of the SCM and the PTM in terms of cause of DID and other dissociative disorders and the effects of undiagnosed disorders, and whether the cause of development lends itself important to the effects themselves.
In a paper on the sociocognitive model done for the American Psychological...

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